Belgium: Representativeness of the European social partner organisations in the electricity sector

  • Observatory: EurWORK
  • Topic:
  • Agreements,
  • Collective bargaining,
  • Social partners,
  • Participation at work,
  • Relațiile de muncă,
  • Published on: 26 Ianuarie 2014



About
Country:
Belgium
Author:
Institution:

The Belgian electricity sector has almost 17,000 employees (0.5% of the total number of employees in Belgium). The European liberalisation process has created a substantial transformation of the sector since 2003. The production, import and sale of electricity are no longer the monopoly of one organisation. Consequently, the market has changed fundamentally and the number of enterprises has increased. The changes did not affect the process of collective bargaining as the collective agreements cover all employees including those who are not members of a trade union.

Sectoral properties

Economic background

Sectoral coverage

This representativeness study covers companies and employees in the electricity sector, as defined by NACE Rev. 2 code 35.1:

35.1 Electric power generation, transmission and distribution

35.11 Production of electricity

35.12 Transmission of electricity

35.13 Distribution of electricity

35.14 Trade of electricity

Development of sectoral employment and companies

Table 1: Sectoral properties
 

2003

2011

Number of companies in the sector (including one-person companies and self-employed)

16

59

Comment

Due to a time series break, figures comparable to 2011 are only available from 2003. The sector doesn’t count self-employed people.

The sector counts no self-employed people.

Source of company data

National Social Security Office

National Social Security Office

Aggregate employment

13,917

16,716

Male employment

11,361

12,218

Female employment

2,556

4,498

Share of sectoral employment as a % of total employment in the economy

Please give figures with one decimal place

0.3%

Please give figures with one decimal place

0.4%

Source of employment figures

Crossroads Bank for Social Security

Crossroads Bank for Social Security

Comment

Due to a time series break, figures comparable to 2011 are only available from 2003.

 

Aggregate employees

13,917

16,716

Male employees

11,361

12,218

Female employees

2,556

4,498

Share of sectoral employees as a % of total employees in the economy

Please give figures with one decimal place

0.4%

Please give figures with one decimal place

0.5%

Source of employee figures

National Social Security Office and Crossroads Bank for Social Security

National Social Security Office and Crossroads Bank for Social Security

Comment

   

2. Overview of the industrial relations landscape in the sector

Stimulated by the European liberalisation process, the Belgian electricity sector went through a substantial transformation during 2001–2011. The production, import and sale of electricity were separated from the transmission and distribution of electricity and were no longer the monopoly of one organisation. This process, started in 2003, changed the market fundamentally and the number of enterprises on the Belgian electricity market increased strongly (FEBEG). The market share of the former monopolist, Electrabel, has declined to about 50% in 2013.The current economic crisis has had no direct impact on the sector’s social partner organisations.

3. The sector’s trade unions and employer associations

This report includes detailed information on the following trade unions and employer associations:

(i) trade unions (or employees’ interest organisations) and employer organisations (or business associations) which are affiliated to the sector-related European Union Federation(s) or the sector-related European Employer/Business Federation(s) and represent members in the sector

The sector-related European employee organisations are:

  • IndustriAll Europa;
  • European Federation of Public Service Unions (EPSU).

The sector-related European employer organisations are:

  • The union of the electricity industry (EURELECTRIC).

(ii) trade unions and employer organisations which are party to sector-related collective bargaining and represent members in the sector.

This report does not include detailed information on the following organisations, because they fall outside the remit of the study:

iii) Affiliates to EU-level sectoral social partners, but without members in the sector. These are the affiliates of EPSU and IndustriAll Europa that have members in other sectors but not in the electricity sector. Use these weblinks for a full list of the IndustriAll affiliates and EPSU affiliates.

iv) Organisations which are involved in sector-related collective bargaining, but do not represent members in the sector.

v) Organisations which represent members in the sector, but are not involved in sector-related collective bargaining, and are not members of EU-level sectoral social-partner organisations.

3a. Please list all the organisations which can be related to the study in the following overview table

Organisation abbreviation

Sector related (members in the sector)

Member of a sector-related European organisation

Involved in sector related CB

Fact-sheet included

Source of information

FEBEG

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Peter Lecomte

Synergrid

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Paul Goditiabois

ABVV-AC / FGTB-CG

No

Yes

No

Nos

Alain Clauwaert

ABVV-BBTK / FGTB - SETCA

No

Yes

No

No

Erwin De Deyn

ABVV-ACOD Gazelco / FGTB CGSP Gazelco

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Gazelco

Jan Van Wijngaerden and Didier Nicaise

Mail to Gilbert Lieben and Mil Luyten, no response received

ACV-CSC BIE

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Chris Vanmol

CSC-Services publics

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Viviane Mortier

CSC-CNE

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Jean-Raymond Demptinne

ACLVB-CGSLB / SLFP VSOA

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Bart De Crock

LBC-NVK

No

Yes

No

No

White –collars in the Electricity Sector in Flanders are covered by ACV-CSC Bie

CGSP ACOD

Related to CGSP-ACOD Gazelco => See line 5 of this table

       
CGSP-P

Related to CGSP-ACOD Gazelco => See line 5 of this table

       
CGSP-G

Related to CGSP-ACOD Gazelco => See line 5 of this table

       
GAZELCO Distrigas

Related to CGSP-ACOD Gazelco => See line 5 of this table

       
CG-FGTB

See line 3 of this table

       

Annex 1 at the end of this questionnaire provides the list of all the organisations which are members of the sector-related European organisations, broken down by country.

4. Collective bargaining in the electricity sector

4.1. Are employees in the sector as defined in Section 1 above and in Table 1 covered by collective bargaining?

Yes

4.2. If yes, please consider the five main relevant* collective agreements (single-employer and multi-employer agreements) valid in 2012 in the electricity sector and indicate their levels, the name of the agreements, respective coverage in terms of sectors/activities, the bargaining parties to the agreement and the numbers of employees covered within the electricity sector (also estimate):

Level Common name Sectoral coverage No. of employees covered within the electricity sector Bargaining parties

Employer(s)

(in case of single-employer agreements) or

Employer organisation(s)

(in case of multi-employer agreements)

Trade union(s)

Multi-employer agreement, sectoral

Wage and working conditions (Dutch: Loon- en arbeidsvoorwaarden/French: Conditions de travail et de rénumération)

All workers in the Joint Committee 326 of the gas and electricity sector, following the job classification of CA 2 December2004 (already employed before 1 January 2002)

Not available (the Joint Committee 326 covers also the workers in the gas sector)

Synergrid

FEBEG

ACV-CSC-Electricity and Gas

ACOD-Gazelco

ACLVB-Gas and Electricity

Multi-employer agreement, sectoral

Wage and working conditions (Dutch: Loon- en arbeidsvoorwaarden/French: Conditions de travail et de rénumération)

All workers in the Joint Committee 326 of the gas and electricity sector, following the job classification of CA 29 September 2003 (new employees since 1 January, 2002)

Not available (the Joint Committee 326 covers also the workers in the gas sector)

Synergrid

FEBEG

ACV-CSC-Electricity and Gas

ACOD-Gazelco

ACLVB-Gas and Electricity

Multi-employer agreement, sectoral

Social peace, syndical premium and syndical training fund

All workers in the Joint Committee 326 of the gas and electricity sector

100%

Synergrid

FEBEG

ACV-CSC-Electricity and Gas

ACOD-Gazelco

ACLVB-Gas and Electricity

Multi-employer agreement, sectoral

Training initiatives

All workers in the Joint Committee 326 of the gas and electricity sector

100%

Synergrid

FEBEG

ACV-CSC-Electricity and Gas

ACOD-Gazelco

ACLVB-Gas and Electricity

Multi-employer agreement, sectoral

Premiums linked to the achievement of collective results

All workers in the Joint Committee 326 of the gas and electricity sector

100%

Synergrid

FEBEG

ACV-CSC-Electricity and Gas

ACOD-Gazelco

ACLVB-Gas and Electricity

* Relevance is measured in terms of employees covered.

5. The system of collective bargaining

5.1. Estimate the sector’s rate of collective bargaining coverage (i.e. the ratio of the number of employees covered by any kind of collective agreement to the total number of employees in the sector).

100%: the sector has a system of generally binding declaration: the collective agreements cover all employees, including workers who are not members of a union.

5.2. Estimate the relative importance of multi-employer agreements and of single-employer agreements as a percentage of the total number of employees covered. (Multi-employer bargaining is defined as being conducted by an employer association on behalf of the employer side. In the case of single-employer bargaining, it is the company or its subunit(s) which is the party to the agreement. This includes the cases where two or more companies jointly negotiate an agreement or an employer organisation negotiates on behalf of only one company.)

5.2.1. Is there a practice of extending multi-employer agreements to employers who are not affiliated to the signatory employer association/s?

100% of the employers are covered by the sectoral collective agreements (system of generally binding declaration).

5.2.2. If there is a practice of extending collective agreements targeting employers, is this practice pervasive or rather limited and exceptional?

Pervasive: 100%

6. Formulation and implementation of sector-specific public policies

6.1. Do tripartite bodies dealing with sector-specific issues exist? If yes, please indicate their domain of activity (for instance, health and safety, equal opportunities, labour market, social security and pensions etc.), their origin (agreement/statutory) and the interest organisations having representatives in them:

Table 4: Sector-specific public policies*
Name of the body and scope of activity Bipartite/tripartite Origin: agreement/statutory Trade unions having representatives (reps) Employer associations having reps.
CREG – Commission for the regulation of electricity and gas

Tripartite

Statutory

Yes

Yes

Welfare Fund for the Gas and Electricity Sector

Bipartite

Agreement/Statutory

Yes

Yes

* Sector-specific policies specifically target and affect the sector under consideration.

7. Data on the trade unions

ABVV-ACOD Gazelco / FGTB CGSP Gazelco

Socialist trade union for employees in the gas and electricity sector

Socialistische vakbond van werknemers uit de gas- en elektriciteitssector - Syndicat socialiste des gaziers et des électriciens

The union’s domain

 

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

No: Gazelco covers all sectors of JC 326 except the gross market trade of gas and electricity (which is excluded by JC 326). However, some enterprises, like Electrabel, bundle their activities. In that case, the union does cover all activities, as they deal with all activities of the parent company (GDF Suez).

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all occupations within the electricity sector among both blue-collar workers and white-collar workers?

Yes: all employees have the white-collar statute

.

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc. – of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

No: all employers in JC 326 are covered by Gazelco. A few public employers (the so-called intermunicipal companies) are partly covered by Gazelco and partly covered by ACOD-LRB (see next fact sheet)

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all regions of your country?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover employees outside the electricity sector?

Yes: the union covers also the gas sector. Social negotiations in the electricity sector are organized in the JC 326 for Gas AND Electricity.

General information on the union

 

Is the union engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

Yes, the union is engaged at as well the sector level as the enterprise level and the individual level.

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

Both single- and multi-employer bargaining

How many employees are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the union within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

+/- 18,000 employees (including the gas sector)

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary

Is the union being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

Yes

How often do sector-related consultations involve the union?

On a regular basis

Members

 

How many active members in employment does the union have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

+/- 6,000 (Electricity AND Gas)

How many active members in employment does the union have within the electricity sector only?

Difficult to say, as a lot of employers also have gas activities

Does the union have members in the largest electricity companies?

Yes

.

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the union affiliated?

EPSU and PSI

To which European-level organisations is the union affiliated?

EPSU

To which national-level organisations is the union affiliated?

ACOD and ABVV

Source of information

Jan Van Wijngaerden, Federaal Secretaris Gazelco (NL) Answer received 15 February, 2013

www.gazelco.be

EIRO national correspondent: HIVA KU Leuven

ACV-CSC BIE

Christian Union Confederation building, industrie and energy

Centrale des Syndicats Chrétiens (bâtiment, industrie and énergie) – Algemeen Christelijk Vakverbond (bouw, industrie and energie)

The union’s domain

 

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

Yes, but a small part of the Belgian Distribution is organised as public sector work (Interelectra, Tecteo) colleagues of CSC Public Services

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all occupations within the electricity sector among both blue-collar workers and white-collar workers?

Yes: Since 1976 all the workers in the branch have the advantages of a mixture of blue and white-collar workers. There labour agreement is white-collar.

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc. – of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

No: As mentioned above, our union is not covering the workers in the public distribution facilities. In Flanders the only company not covered is Infrax (= former Interelectra, West-Vlaamse) and in Wallonia we do not cover Tecteo (complete list: AIEG, AIESH, INFRAX OOST and INFRAX WEST , INTER-ENERGA, TECTEO (Resa)

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all regions of your country?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover employees outside the electricity sector?

Yes: the union also covers the gas sector and a small part of the teledistribution branch.

General information on the union

 

Is the union engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

Yes

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

Both single- and multi-employer bargaining – Joint Commission 326 (national branch level)

How many employees are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the union within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

14,000 workers

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary

Is the union being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

Yes

How often do sector-related consultations involve the union?

On an ad-hoc basis

Members

 

How many active members in employment does the union have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

Our union has about 285,000 members

How many active members in employment does the union have within the electricity sector only?

Active members: 6,100

Non-active members: 300

Does the union have members in the largest electricity companies?

Yes – all companies

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the union affiliated?

IndustriAll Global Union

To which European-level organisations is the union affiliated?

IndustriAll Europe

To which national-level organisations is the union affiliated?

ACV-CSC (Confédération des Syndicats Chrétiens)

Source of information

Chris Vanmol, national spokesperson Gas and Electricity. Answer received 10 February 2013

http://acv-bouw-industrie-energie.acv-online.be/

EIRO national correspondent: HIVA KU Leuven

CSC Services Publics

Christian Union - Public Services

Centrale des Syndicats Chrétiens – Services publics

The union’s domain

 

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

Yes, but domain is limited to operators in the public sector.

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all occupations within the electricity sector among both blue-collar workers and white-collar workers?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc. – of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

No, only public sector enterprises

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all regions of your country?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover employees outside the electricity sector?

Yes, the union covers all employees in the public sector

General information on the union

 

Is the union engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

Yes

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

Single-employer bargaining

Multi-employer bargaining and inter-sectoral, regional/local bargaining. There is no tradition of sectoral agreements in the public electricity sector.; labour conditions are set within the general protocols of the public sector (which are strictly speaking no collective agreements)

How many employees are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the union within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

2,500

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary

Is the union being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

There is no sectoral approach by the authorities

How often do sector-related consultations involve the union?

See previous point

Members

 

How many active members in employment does the union have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

160,000

How many active members in employment does the union have within the electricity sector only?

500

Does the union have members in the largest electricity companies?

Yes

.

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the union affiliated?

ITF

To which European-level organisations is the union affiliated?

EPSU

ETF

To which national-level organisations is the union affiliated?

ACV

Source of information

Trade union: Viviane Mortier

Response received 28 February 2013

Web-site: www.acv-openbarediensten.be

EIRO national correspondent: HIVA KU Leuven

CSC-CNE
National confederation for employees
Confédération des syndicats chrétiens – Centrale nationale des employés

The union’s domain

No response received; It covers the French-speaking white-collar employees of the sector in the Walloon /Brussels region (in the Flemish part LBC-NVK as transferred these members to ACV-BIE)

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

Yes, all activities

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all occupations within the electricity sector among both blue-collar workers and white-collar workers?

No, only white-collar workers

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc. – of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

No, public sector employment in distribution is not covered

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all regions of your country?

Yes/No, only French-speaking community

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover employees outside the electricity sector?

Yes, all French-speaking white-collar employees in the private sector

General information on the union

 

Is the union engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

Yes, joint committee 326

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

Joint Commission 326 (national branch level) Info not available

How many employees are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the union within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

See previous sheets

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary

Info not available

Is the union being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

Yes/

How often do sector-related consultations involve the union?

On a regular basis

Info not available

Members

 

How many active members in employment does the union have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

 

How many active members in employment does the union have within the electricity sector only?

 

Does the union have members in the largest electricity companies?

Yes

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the union affiliated?

ITUC, Uni

To which European-level organisations is the union affiliated?

EPSU, IndustriAll

To which national-level organisations is the union affiliated?

ACV-CSC

Source of information

Jean Raymond Demptinne

Contacted by mail on 7 and 22 February 2013, contacted by phone on 22 February 2013

Web-site/other secondary sources: www.cne-gnc.be

EIRO national correspondent: HIVA KU Leuven

ACLVB - CGSLB
Liberal Trade Union
Algemene Centrale der Liberale Vakbonden van België – Centrale Générale des Syndicats Libéraux de Belgique

The union’s domain

 

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all occupations within the electricity sector among both blue-collar workers and white-collar workers?

Yes.

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc. – of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all regions of your country?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover employees outside the electricity sector?

Yes

The union covers employees in all sectors

General information on the union

 

Is the union engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

Yes

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

Both single- and multi-employer bargaining

How many employees are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the union within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

Info not available

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary

Is the union being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

Info not available

How often do sector-related consultations involve the union?

Info not available

Members

 

How many active members in employment does the union have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

2013: + 285,000 (including VSOA)

How many active members in employment does the union have within the electricity sector only?

2013: 600

Does the union have members in the largest electricity companies?

Yes

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the union affiliated?

IVV

ITUC

EVV

ETUC

To which European-level organisations is the union affiliated?

IndustriAll

To which national-level organisations is the union affiliated?

/

Source of information

Bart De Crock

Nationaal Sectoraal Verantwoordelijke ACLVB

Answer received 28 February 2013

Web-site/other secondary sources: www.aclvb.be

EIRO national correspondent: HIVA KU Leuven

VSOA -SLFP

Liberal Trade Union for Public Administration

Vrij Syndicaat voor het Openbaar Ambt – Syndicat Libre de la Fonction Publique

The union’s domain

No response received. The union is a part of ACLVB and is as thus included in the previous fact sheet

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

No, only public sector employment in distribution (cf. same situation as ACV-CSC Services publics, but than not as Christian trade union, but liberal trade union)

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all occupations within the electricity sector among both blue-collar workers and white-collar workers?

Yes/No, only civil servants

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc. – of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

Yes/No, only public sector

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all regions of your country?

Yes/

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover employees outside the electricity sector?

Yes, union federation of civil servants merged with ACLVB/CGSLB

General information on the union

 

Is the union engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

No, labour conditions arranged for this diminishing group of civil servants by the general protocols of the sector (in a strict legal sense no collective agreements, because they cover statutory employment)

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

Single-employer bargaining (please indicate if it involves plant/company/group agreements)

Multi-employer bargaining (please indicate if it involves national (cross-sectoral), inter-sectoral, sectoral/branch, regional/local and/or occupational bargaining)

Both single- and multi-employer bargaining

Info not available

How many employees are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the union within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

 

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary

Info not available

Is the union being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

No

How often do sector-related consultations involve the union?

Info not available

Members

 

How many active members in employment does the union have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

 

How many active members in employment does the union have within the electricity sector only?

 

Does the union have members in the largest electricity companies?

No

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the union affiliated?

 

To which European-level organisations is the union affiliated?

EPSU

To which national-level organisations is the union affiliated?

Merger with ACLVB/CGSLB, now a sector federation within

Source of information

Contacted by mail 13 February 2013

Web-site/other secondary sources: www.vsoa.eu

EIRO national correspondent: HIVA KU Leuven

8. Data on the employer associations

Synergrid

Federation of Grid Administrators of Electricity and Gas in Belgium

Federatie van de netbeheerders elektriciteit en aardgas in België - Fédération des gestionnaires de réseaux électricité et gaz en Belgique

The employer organisation’s domain

 

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

No, Synergrid represents only the companies in the transmission and the distribution of electricity.

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all (legal) forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc.) (of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

Yes

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover companies, within the electricity sector, in all regions of your country?

Yes

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover companies and/or business activities outside the electricity sector?

Yes, the organisation represents also the companies in the transport and distribution of gas

General information on the organisation

 

Is the employer organisation engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

Yes

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

Sub-sectoral (grids)

Multi-employer bargaining and sectoral bargaining

How many companies are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the employer organisation within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

+/- 35

How many employees are covered by the sector-related collective agreement/s signed by the employer organisation within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

+/- 18,288

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary

Is the employer organisation being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

Yes

How often do sector-related consultations involve the employer organisation?

On an ad-hoc basis

Members

 

How many member companies does the employer organisation have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

13

How many employees work in these member companies in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

10,008

How many member companies does the employer organisation have within the electricity sector only?

13

How many employees work in these member companies within the electricity sector only?

10,008

Are the largest electricity companies affiliated to this employer organisation?

Yes

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

n/a

To which European-level organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

EURELECTRIC

To which national-level organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

VBO/FEB

Source of information

Synergrid

c/o Paul Goditiabois

www.synergrid.be

Answer received 7 February 2013

EIRO national correspondent: HIVA KU Leuven

FEBEG

Federation of Belgian Electricity and Gas Enterprises

Federatie van de Belgische Elektriciteits- en Gasbedrijven - Fédération belge des Entreprises Electriques et Gazières

The employer organisation’s domain

 

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

No: FEBEG represents the producers of electricity, as well as the suppliers of electricity and gas in Belgium.

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all (legal) forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc.) (of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

No: FEBEG represents only the private companies, whatever their size (multinational companies as well as SMEs)

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover companies, within the electricity sector, in all regions of your country?

Yes

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover companies and/or business activities outside the electricity sector?

Yes: FEBEG also represents the gas suppliers and traders

General information on the organisation

 

Is the employer organisation engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

Yes

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

Multi-employer bargaining: sectoral bargaining at Belgian level

How many companies are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the employer organisation within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

+/- 35

How many employees are covered by the sector-related collective agreement/s signed by the employer organisation within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

7,900

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary

Is the employer organisation being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

Yes

How often do sector-related consultations involve the employer organisation?

On an ad-hoc basis

Members

 

How many member companies does the employer organisation have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

21 (2013)

How many employees work in these member companies in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

16,800

How many member companies does the employer organisation have within the electricity sector only?

15

How many employees work in these member companies within the electricity sector only?

7,550

Are the largest electricity companies affiliated to this employer organisation?

Yes

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

EURELECTRIC, EUROGAS

To which European-level organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

EURELECTRIC, EUROGAS

To which national-level organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

FEB-VBO

Source of information

Employer organisation: Peter LECOMTE, responsible social department FEBEG, website: www.febeg.be

Response received 11 February 2013

EIRO national correspondent: HIVA – KU Leuven

9. Inter-associational relationships

9.1 Inter-union relationships

9.1.1 Please list all trade unions covered by this study whose domains overlap within the sector.

The three large Belgian trade unions reflect the three traditional social-political ideologies: a Christian union, a socialist union and a liberal union. Each of these unions covers all subsectors of the electricity sector, so their overlap is a 100%.

9.1.2 Do rivalries and competition exist among the trade unions within the sector, concerning the right to conclude collective agreements and to be consulted in public policy formulation and implementation?

The unions have each their own distinctiveness, corresponding to their ideology but, in general, they cooperate well. There is no problem in getting collective agreements in the electricity sector.

9.1.3 If yes, are certain trade unions excluded from these rights?

Not applicable.

9.2 Inter-employer association relationships

9.2.1 Please list all employer associations covered by this study whose domains overlap within the sector.

The two employer organisations are complementary: they each represent a particular subsection of the electricity sector. There is no overlap.

9.2.2 Do rivalries and competition exist among the employer associations within the sector, concerning the right to conclude collective agreements and to be consulted in public policy formulation and implementation?

Not applicable.

9.2.3 If yes, are certain employer associations excluded from these rights?

Not applicable.

9.2.4 Are there large companies or employer associations within the sector which refuse to recognise the trade unions and refuse to enter collective bargaining?

No

9. Commentary

There are no jurisdictional disputes or recognition problems in the sector. It is, however, important to mention the specific Belgian social dialogue structure. At sectoral level, social dialogue in all sectors is organised in joint committees, which do not fully correspond with the NACE-classifications. This is especially the case for the electricity sector. Most employees in the electricity sector are covered by the Joint Committee 326 of the electricity and gas sector, but some of them are in the public sector and thus have different working conditions. This should be kept in mind when interpreting the responses on the fact sheets.

Caroline Vermandere, HIVA KU Leuven

Annex: Organisations which are members of the sector-related European organisations

 

EPSU

IndustriALL

EURELECTRIC

AT

GDG, VERDI

PRO-GE

Österreichs E-Wirtschaft 

BE

CSC, CSC - Services Publics, SLFP,

CGSP ACOD,

CGSP-P, CGSP-G

GAZELCO Distrigas,

CG-FGTB,

CGSP-ACOD Gazelco,

CGSP Admi

ACV/CSC BIE,

LBC-NVK,

SETCA-BBTK

FEBEG,

SYNERGRID asbl

BG

NSFEB,

FEW-Podkrepa,

PK Services,

FCIW-PODK,

NDWU, VODOSNABDITEL,

FITUGO,

FCIW-PODKREPA

NF Energy - CL Podkrepa,

NFE,

NEWF Podkrepa

 Bulgarian Electric Power Association

CY

FSGEC, PASYDY

FPUEAE

Electricity Authority of Cyprus

CZ

OS UNIOS,

Public Services International,

OS ECHO,

OS DLV, RWE

OS ECHO

CSZE

DE

VERDI

IG BCE

BDEW

DK

3F workers union,

DM, PEU, FOA,

DK Funktionærforbund,

DEF,

CO Industri

 Dansk Energi

EE

AEEWTU

AEEWTU - EEAÜL

The Union of Electricity Industry of Estonia

ES

FITAG-UGT,

AGBAR,

FSAP-CCOO,

FSP UGT

FITAG-UGT,

FITEQA-CC.OO,

ELA-HAINBAT,

FI CC.OO,

UNESA

FI

JYTY, JHL, UNION of SALARIED EMPLOYEES,

PARDIA,

SÄHKÖLIITTO,

UIL (INSINÖÖRILIITTO),

Energiateollisuus ry

FR

CGT – FNME, FPSPSS-FO, CGT-SP, Public Services International, PSI,

INTERCO CFDT,

FNEM-FO, CFTC,

UNSA, FNME-CGT,

FCE-CFDT,

FNEM FO

UFE

GR

-

PFEPPRCI,

GENOP-DEI

HELAS

HU

VKDSZ, EVDSZ, HVDSZ 2000

V.D.Sz.Sz. (EVDSZ),

BDSZ

EMT

IE

ESBOA, IMPACT,

SIPTU, Electricity Supply Board Officers Association

SIPTU

EAI

IT

FEMCA, UILCEM,

FP-CGIL, FLAEI-CISL, FILCTEM-CGIL,

UILCEM

UNEI

LT

LITUF, LVPF,

LTUSE

 

Nacionaline Lietuvos Elektros Asociacija 

LU

CGT-L,

Confédération Luxembourgeoise des Syndicats Chrétiens - Secteur Public, LCGB,

LCGB

Organisation des Entreprises d’Electricité du Luxembourg

LV

LTUE, LAKRS

ENERGIJA, LINA

LEEA

MT

GWU

 

ENEMALTA Corporation

NL

ABVAKABO FNV, CNV

FNV Bondgenoten,

ABVAKABO FNV, EON

FNV,

CNV Vakmensen

Energie-Nederland,

Netbeheer Nederland

PL

SKEE Solidarnosc,

PSS Solidarnosc

SGiE Solidarnosc,

PKEE

PT

Sindicato dos Trabalhadores da AdministraçãoPública,

STAL, SINTAP,

SINDEL, STE

SINDEL

ELECPROR

RO

GAZ ROM,

UNIVERS,

Public Services International,

ENERGETICA,

APA NOVA,

GAZ MEDIAS,

FS Gaz Romania

UFS ATLAS, FSLCP,

FNME, Hidrosind,

FS Hidrosind,

IRE,

SE

SEKO, NOFS,

VISION,

HK Kommunal,

KOMMUNAL, TRANSPORT, FACKFORBUNDET

UNIONEN, SEF,

SVERIGES INGENJORER,

SEKO

 Svensk Energi Swedenergy AB

SI

SDE SLOVENIJE

SDE

Slovenian Chamber of Commerce, Energy Association, EURELECTRIC Section

SK

SOZE, TUWIFWS,

POZ,

Slovak Gas Industry Trade Union,

Slovak Trade Union of Health and Social Services,

ECHOZ, SOZPS,

SPP

ZOJES

ZZES

UK

Prospect, UNISON,

NIPSA, FDA,

Unite the Union,

GMB

GMB,

UNITE (ex-TGWU),

UNITE the UNION

ENA, Energy UK, ERA

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