Monitoring EU convergence

Upward convergence in working conditions

Report
Publicat
12 Decembrie 2019
Formate
Executive summary in 22 languages

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Sumar

Social convergence has gained an equal footing alongside economic convergence as an EU goal in the wake of the economic crisis. This report presents the results of a study into convergence in working conditions, a major component of social policymaking. It examines whether working conditions have improved over the past two decades in the EU as a whole and whether dissimilarities between Member States in this area have narrowed. The study includes analyses of both the trends and drivers of convergence plus expert interview data on two policy instruments that have the potential to promote convergence. Findings indicate upward convergence in working conditions overall, but uneven progress across Member States. 

  • Report

    Number of Pages: 
    76
    Reference No: 
    EF19049
    ISBN: 
    978-92-897-1997-1
    Catalogue: 
    TJ-04-19-677-EN-N
    DOI: 
    10.2806/090694
    Catalogue info

    Upward convergence in working conditions

    Social convergence has gained an equal footing alongside economic convergence as an EU goal in the wake of the economic crisis. This report presents the results of a study into convergence in working conditions, a major component of social policymaking. It examines whether working conditions have improved over the past two decades in the EU as a whole and whether dissimilarities between Member States in this area have narrowed.

    Available formats

    Cite this publication: 
    Eurofound (2019), Upward convergence in working conditions, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg.
  • Executive summary

    Reference No: 
    EF19049EN1
    Catalogue info

    Convergența ascendentă a condițiilor de muncă

    Authors: 
    Eurofound

    Ca urmare a crizei economice, convergența socială a câștigat o poziție de egalitate, ca obiectiv al UE, alături de convergența economică. Acest raport prezintă rezultatele unui studiu privind convergența condițiilor de muncă, o componentă majoră a elaborării politicilor sociale. Raportul examinează dacă în ultimele două decenii s-au îmbunătățit condițiile de lucru în UE în general și dacă s-au redus decalajele dintre statele membre în acest domeniu. Studiul conține atât analize ale tendințele, și factorilor determinanți ai convergenței, precum și date obținute din interviuri cu experți cu privire la două instrumente de politică care au potențialul de a promova convergența. Concluziile indică în general o convergență ascendentă a condițiilor de muncă, dar cu progrese inegale în statele membre. 

    Available in 22 languages for download

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  • Annexes, tables and graphs

     

    • Table 1: Dimensions and subdimensions of working conditions
    • Table 2: Summary of convergence and divergence dynamics
    • Table 3: Beta-convergence patterns in seven dimensions of working conditions
    • Table 4: Beta-convergence in the subdimensions of working conditions
    • Table 5: Beta-convergence patterns by country groupings: EU15 versus EU13, 2005–2015
    • Table 6: Beta-convergence patterns by country groupings: Centre versus periphery, 2005–2015
    • Table 7: Sigma-convergence patterns in the dimensions and subdimensions of working conditions
    • Table 8: Gender gaps in working conditions, EU, 2006
    • Table 9: Gender gaps in working conditions dimensions, by Member State, 2015
    • Table 10: Beta-convergence in gender gaps in the dimensions of working conditions, EU, 2005–2015
    • Table 11: Sigma-convergence patterns in gender gaps in the dimensions and subdimensions of working conditions
    • Table 12: Potential drivers of convergence in working conditions
    • Table 13: Drivers of convergence: Statistically significant relationships
    • Table 14: Drivers of convergence: Multivariate analysis results
    • Table 15: Analysis of convergence in the drivers of convergence in working conditions
    • Table 16: Profile of interviewees
    • Table 17: Measurement of convergence – headline results by dimension

     

    • Figure 1: Speed of beta-convergence in the dimensions of working conditions
    • Figure 2: Speed of beta-convergence in the subdimensions of working conditions
    • Figure 3: Sigma-convergence patterns in the dimensions of working conditions
    • Figure 4: Physical environment – sigma-convergence patterns
    • Figure 5: Social environment – sigma-convergence patterns
    • Figure 6: Work intensity – sigma-convergence patterns
    • Figure 7: Skills and discretion – sigma-convergence patterns
    • Figure 8: Working time quality – sigma-convergence patterns
    • Figure 9: Prospects – sigma-convergence patterns
    • Figure 10: Earnings – sigma-convergence patterns
    • Figure 11: Delta-convergence patterns in the dimensions of working conditions
    • Figure 12: Delta-convergence patterns in the subdimensions of Earnings
    • Figure 13: Beta-convergence in gender gaps in subdimensions of working conditions, EU, 2005–2015
    • Figure 14: Number of dimensions of working conditions showing no improvement in gender gap, by Member State, 2005–2015
    • Figure 15: Sigma-convergence patterns in gender gaps of dimensions of working conditions
    • Figure 16: Highest and lowest mean scores in the dimensions of working conditions, by economic sector, EU, 2015
    • Figure 17: Convergence of immigration rates, EU
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