Publications

Search results: 1219 items found
  • Report
    22 Decembrie 2008

    Nowadays, technology plays a central role in workplaces, enabling the speedy production of goods and services and facilitating communication and innovation processes. This report examines the different categories of technology used in workplaces in order to gauge their influence on working conditions and health outcomes. The analysis is based on findings from the Fourth Working Conditions Survey carried out across 31 countries, including the 27 EU Member States. The findings reveal that it is not so much the technology itself but rather the associated working conditions that put workers’ health and safety at risk.

  • CAR
    22 Decembrie 2008

    Globalisation is having a profound impact on economies and industrial
    relations systems all around the world. In the context of global competition,
    it is increasingly relevant to look at Europe’s economic development in a
    wider perspective. This report explores the main industrial relations
    developments in the European Union, Japan and the US in the period 2006-2007.
    It charts the similarities and trends in industrial relations as well as the
    differences in basic structures and developments between these three major
    economies. At the same time, it allows for a degree of benchmarking of the EU
    against its main trading competitors. The second part of the review presents
    an overview of working time regulation and management in the EU, Japan and
    the US. It reviews the most recent trends in working time, including standard
    weekly working hours, overtime and long working hours, flexible work
    schedules, shift work and weekend work. It also looks at provisions for
    maternity and parental leave. While the report mainly covers the EU Member
    States, Japan and the US, it also includes references to emerging economies
    such as Brazil and China.

  • Article
    21 Decembrie 2008

    On 6 November 2008, a deal was reached on the renewal of the company-level
    collective agreement for the Wind [1] telecommunications company – the
    third largest company operating in Italy’s fixed and mobile telephony
    sector. The company has about 7,500 employees and is owned by Weather
    Investments (see also the European Restructuring Monitor (ERM) factsheet
    [2]).

    [1] http://www.wind.it/
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/emcc/erm/factsheets/wind

  • Article
    21 Decembrie 2008

    At the end of October 2008, the Estonian central employer organisation, the
    Estonian Employers’ Confederation (Eesti Tööandjate Keskliit, ETTK [1]),
    compiled and issued a list of proposals to the government on how to manage
    the implications of the economic downturn. ETTK surveyed its member
    organisations and collected opinions on the bottlenecks of the current
    economy and on measures for improving the situation. Its proposals to the
    government are based on the findings of this initiative.

    [1] http://www.ettk.ee/en

  • Article
    21 Decembrie 2008

    Over the past few years, Finland’s national airline Finnair [1] has already
    shed 700 jobs (*FI0611019I* [2] and *FI0609029I* [3]). In the summer of 2008,
    when the previous mandatory joint consultation was finalised, the airline
    started a new round of consultations aiming to cut a further 400 jobs. With
    the consultation on the additional job cuts still ongoing, the company is
    proposing pay cuts as a new cost-saving measure.

    [1] http://www.finnair.com/finnaircom/wps/portal/finnair/jump?locale=en_INT
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/strike-at-finnair-over-restructuring-is-settled-by-conciliation
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/restructuring-dispute-at-finnair

  • Article
    21 Decembrie 2008

    The Powszechny Zakład Ubezpieczeń SA (PZU [1]) group is Poland’s largest
    insurer. At present, the main shareholders of PZU SA are the State Treasury,
    which holds a 55% stake in the company, and the Netherlands-based bank
    insurance consortium Eureko BV. The process of privatising PZU got underway
    in 1998. In January 2005, the lower chamber of the Polish Parliament
    (/Sejm/), responding to irregularities in PZU’s privatisation process,
    appointed an investigative commission to review the case. Relations between
    the Polish government and Eureko BV have become strained.

    [1] http://www.pzu.pl/

  • Article
    21 Decembrie 2008

    Trade unions in Aer Lingus [1] were locked in negotiations for a number of
    weeks in a bid to amend radical company proposals to outsource some 1,500
    jobs out of a total of 4,000 posts at the airline. The unions were informed
    that agreement on cuts amounting to €50 million in staff costs was required
    by the end of November 2008, as part of a wider €74 million cost reduction
    programme due to rising fuel costs and the global economic downturn. A
    15-month pay freeze was included in the plan.

    [1] http://www.aerlingus.com

  • Article
    21 Decembrie 2008

    In October 2008, the Italian parliament approved Decree Law No. 137/2008
    entitled ‘Urgent measures with regard to education and the universities’.
    The bill had initially been approved by the Council of Ministers on 28 August
    2008 and was subsequently passed by the Chamber of Deputies on 7 October
    followed by the Senate on 29 October. The decree was presented by the
    Minister of Education, Mariastella Gelmini.

  • Article
    21 Decembrie 2008

    On 7 October 2008, in line with the call to mobilise to change the world
    economy [1] issued by the International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC [2]),
    its French affiliates participated in this first-ever world day of
    mobilisation for decent work [3]. The following trade union confederations
    took part in the campaign: the French Democratic Confederation of Labour
    (Confédération française démocratique du travail, CFDT [4]), the French
    Christian Workers’ Confederation (Confédération française des
    travailleurs chrétiens, CFTC [5]), the General Confederation of Labour
    (Confédération générale du travail, CGT [6]), the General Confederation
    of Labour – /Force ouvrière/ (Confédération générale du travail –
    Force ouvrière, CGT-FO [7]) and the National Federation of Independent
    Unions (Union nationale des syndicats autonomes, UNSA [8]).

    [1] http://www.ituc-csi.org/spip.php?article2428
    [2] http://www.ituc-csi.org
    [3] http://www.decentwork.org/
    [4] http://www.cfdt.fr/
    [5] http://www.cftc.fr/
    [6] http://www.cgt.fr
    [7] http://www.force-ouvriere.fr/
    [8] http://www.unsa.org/

  • Article
    21 Decembrie 2008

    A series of mergers, takeovers and rescue packages were required to maintain
    the viability of a number of major companies in Germany’s troubled banking
    sector. The latest episode followed the collapse of the Lehman Brothers
    investment bank in the US. The knock-on effect in Germany was the 70%
    collapse in shares at the Hypo Real Estate (HRE) bank.