Publications

Search results: 951 items found
  • Report
    6 Decembrie 2011

    Household over-indebtedness is among the causes of the current financial crisis. In turn, the crisis exacerbated both public and private debt problems. In this paper, household over-indebtedness is broadly defined as the situation where a household cannot comply with payment requirements – whether it be mortgage, utility or consumer credit payments – on a structural basis. Different types of over-indebtedness are interrelated in complex causal networks with a broad spectrum of social and health issues such as poverty, social exclusion, unemployment and labour productivity. Appropriate service provision can alleviate the problem once it has occurred, or can prevent debts from becoming problematic in the first place. This paper discusses the need for policymakers and society at large to scale up the quality of these social services. A workshop report is available.

  • Article
    6 Decembrie 2011

    /The education and training sector is not only an important employer in
    itself, but is also expected to play a key role as a provider of skills for
    the knowledge-based economy, contributing to smart, sustainable and inclusive
    growth as set out in the Europe 2020 strategy. This study’s first aim was
    to provide an analysis of the quantitative and qualitative mismatches between
    demand and supply of labour and skills in the education sector, which might
    ultimately contribute to its employment performance. The second aim was to
    assess performance of the education and training sector and its capacity for
    providing adequate skills across the economy./

  • Article
    6 Decembrie 2011

    Valdis Keris, Chair of the Union of Latvian Health and Social Care Workers
    (LVSADA [1]), announced on 10 August 2011 that employees in several hospitals
    would start peaceful protests against plans to reduce financing for emergency
    patients in the second half of 2011. At the same time, the hospitals and the
    local governments that run them said they would take the government’s
    Health Payment Centre (VNC [2]) to court over its proposed budget cuts.

    [1] http://www.lvsada.lv/
    [2] http://www.vnc.gov.lv/

  • Article
    6 Decembrie 2011

    A white paper entitled ‘Shared responsibility for a good and decent working
    life’ (in Norwegian) [1] was presented at the end of August 2011 to the
    Norwegian parliament. It demonstrates that while working conditions are good
    for the vast majority of Norwegian workers, two challenges have to be
    tackled:

    [1] http://www.regjeringen.no/nb/dep/ad/dok/regpubl/stmeld/2010-2011/meld-st-29-20102011.html?id=653071

  • Article
    6 Decembrie 2011

    This is the twelfth year in which the Annual Report on the Greek Economy and
    Employment (in Greek) [1] has been published by the Labour Institute of the
    Greek General Confederation of Labour (INE/GSEE [2]) and the Confederation of
    Public Servants (ADEDY [3]). The report is expected to contribute to the
    public debate about the developments in the economy, the labour market and
    labour relations, and the main macroeconomic indicators, such as labour
    productivity, wages, expenditure and investments.

    [1] http://www.inegsee.gr/ereynes-meletes/ekthesh/Ethsia-Ekthesh-2011-H-ellhnikh-oikonomia-kai-h-apasxolhsh.html
    [2] http://www.inegsee.gr/kalwshlthate.html
    [3] http://www.adedy.gr/adedy/site/home/ws.csp

  • Article
    6 Decembrie 2011

    The social partners in manufacturing, the Central Organisation of Industrial
    Employees (CO-industri [1]) and the Confederation of Danish Industry (DI
    [2]), established an Equal Pay Tribunal with effect from 1 June 2011. It is
    modelled on the same lines as the Dismissals Tribunal [3] and the social
    partners, in collaboration with the Labour Court, have appointed a Supreme
    Court judge as chair and two other Supreme Court judges as stand-ins. The
    tribunal deals with matters of interpretation and understanding of the Equal
    Pay Act [4], violation of the Equal Pay Act, and the incorporation of the
    law’s provisions in both the overall Industry Agreement and the Industry
    Agreement for Salaried Employees between CO-industri and DI. Cases of
    gender-based unequal pay have been dealt with so far by the civil courts but,
    with the creation of this tribunal, will now go through the labour law system
    and be governed by its collective bargaining principles.

    [1] http://www.co-industri.dk/DA/Pages/Default.aspx
    [2] http://di.dk/english/Pages/English.aspx
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/dismissals-tribunal
    [4] http://legislationline.org/documents/action/popup/id/6519

  • Report
    4 Decembrie 2011

    With a particular focus on the crisis and responses to it, this annual review highlights developments in working conditions and industrial relations in the EU Member States and Norway in 2010, both at national and EU level. At national level, the report examines key issues covered by collective bargaining (pay and working time) and looks at developments in social partner activity and industrial action. It also looks at company restructuring, the impact of the crisis and approaches to pension reform in light of demographic change.

  • Article
    4 Decembrie 2011

    Social security thresholds have been agreed for 50 of Bulgaria’s 85
    employment sectors, and so far the average increase is running at 7%. If
    thresholds cannot be agreed in the remaining 35 sectors, then this average
    would normally be applied across the board. However, because the social
    partners cannot agree and businesses have raised concerns that increasing the
    thresholds too much will damage the labour market (*BG1009021I* [1]), the
    Minister of Labour and Social Policy Totyu Mladenov has asked the National
    Council for Tripartite Cooperation to consider whether the proposed general
    7% increase is too high.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/industrial-relations-undefined/employers-and-trade-unions-agree-on-increase-in-insurance-contributions-for-2011

  • Article
    4 Decembrie 2011

    On 6 September 2011, social partners in the European chemical sector signed a
    voluntary agreement that explores ways of making the chemical industry more
    sustainable. The agreement looks as ways in which the sector can improve
    processes to help find solutions for global problems such as energy and water
    consumption, reduction of emissions and production of enough food, while
    protecting natural resources, biodiversity and the environment.