The informal meeting of EU ministers responsible for employment and social policy (EPSCO) took place in Bordeaux on 14–15 February 2022. The meeting focused on the challenges posed by the major green and digital transitions to the labour market, and the way in which the European Union can support these transitions within the framework of the construction of a new European model of growth.
În ultimii ani, cu excepția câtorva creșteri intermitente, a existat în general o scădere a acțiunilor sindicale în statele membre. În timpul pandemiei de COVID-19, această tendință a continuat, iar în mod surprinzător, cele mai semnificative conflicte de muncă au avut loc în sectorul sănătății umane și al serviciilor sociale, în cel al educației și în cel al transporturilor și logisticii. Raportul analizează datele culese în perioada 2018–2019 de Eurofound, în etapa pilot a bazei sale de date denumite Observatorul acțiunilor sindicale (IAM).
Acest raport surprinde impactul crizei provocate de pandemia de COVID-19 asupra calității vieții cetățenilor în vârstă, inclusiv asupra bunăstării, situației financiare, ocupării forței de muncă și incluziunii sociale a acestora. Raportul analizează efectele asupra utilizării serviciilor de îngrijire și a dependenței persoanelor în vârstă de alte forme de sprijin. Prezentul raport prezintă măsurile de politică care au fost puse în aplicare în statele membre ale UE pentru a sprijini persoanele în vârstă cu privire la toate aspectele menționate mai sus.
The first overview of minimum wage setting for 2022 shows that, while some negotiations are still ongoing, virtually all EU Member States have increased their nominal statutory rates. Compared to last year, when most countries settled for cautious increases against a background of deep uncertainty caused by the pandemic, growth in statutory rates for 2022 was stronger, reflecting an easing of the situation. This was especially the case in central and eastern European countries, where some increases were in double digits. Nevertheless, inflation is back in the picture and should be monitored in the coming months to get an insight into how the increases in nominal minimum wage rates translate into actual changes in the purchasing power of minimum wage earners.
This programming document describes Eurofound’s planned work over the programming period 2021–2024. It sets out the policy and institutional context for the programme, outlines the multiannual programme for the four-year period and sets out the work programme for 2022. Eurofound’s priorities for 2021–2024 are shaped by the key challenges for social cohesion and just transitions in a changing environment in the aftermath of the COVID-19 crisis. The Agency focuses on issues where it can draw on its core expertise in the areas of working conditions, industrial relations, employment and living conditions, to support its stakeholders, by providing evidence that can assist their policy action.
The European Union Agencies Network on Scientific Advice (EU-ANSA) consists of technical and regulatory agencies that provide scientific advice to EU policymakers. This report demonstrates how EU-ANSA member Agencies are addressing the socioeconomic effects of sustainable development. It is based on two surveys conducted among the member Agencies. The survey results show that the most researched areas include the economy, employment, skills and training, gender inequalities, health and safety, social aspects, the role of regulation and social dialogue.
Convergența ascendentă se află în centrul proiectului UE. Statele membre și cetățenii lor fac pasul spre integrarea în Uniune deoarece se așteaptă ca apartenența lor la aceasta să ducă la prosperitate economică echilibrată și la progres social în toate țările. Accentuarea disparităților dintre statele membre, așa cum s-a întâmplat în timpul crizei economice din 2008-2013, poate fi văzută ca o încălcare a promisiunii UE și poate duce la nemulțumiri și dezintegrare.
Schimbările tehnologice se accelerează pe măsură ce se extinde capacitatea dispozitivelor electronice de a stoca, prelucra și comunica informații în format digital. Digitalizarea transformă economia și piețele muncii din UE: aproape o treime din locurile de muncă din UE sunt clasificate ca fiind puternic digitalizate. Care sunt implicațiile revoluției digitale pentru ocuparea forței de muncă și pentru muncă? Și cum ar putea afecta dialogul social?
Una dintre cele mai evidente evoluții din ultima jumătate de secol a fost creșterea imensă a participării femeilor pe piața muncii. Două din trei locuri de muncă nou create în ultimele două decenii în UE au fost ocupate de femei. În același timp, creșterea pronunțată a ratei de ocupare a forței de muncă în rândul lucrătorilor în vârstă din cauza îmbătrânirii populației și a schimbării politicilor a mărit ponderea lucrătorilor în vârstă prezenți pe piața muncii.
Despite the increasing participation of women in the labour market and a higher share of women than men being hired into well-paid jobs in recent years, a gender pay gap exists across all EU Member States. Pay differentials between women and men have been shown to be significantly influenced by the economic sector where people work and the occupation they hold.
The European Restructuring Monitor (ERM) has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This publication series include the ERM reports, as well as blogs, articles and working papers on restructuring-related events in the EU27 and Norway.
Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the European Working Conditions Telephone Survey (EWCTS) 2021, an extraordinary edition conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic. The survey was first carried out in 1990.
This publication series gathers all overview reports on developments in working life, annual reviews in industrial relations and working conditions produced by Eurofound on the basis of national contributions from the Network of Eurofound Correspondents (NEC). Since 1997, these reports have provided overviews of the latest developments in industrial relations and working conditions across the EU and Norway. The series may include recent ad hoc articles written by members of the NEC.
Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, launched in April 2020, with five rounds completed at different stages during 2020, 2021 and 2022. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.
Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.
This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.
The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.
Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.
Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.
This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).