Acest raport analizează rolul dialogului social și al negocierii colective în abordarea provocărilor cu care s-a confruntat sectorul aviației civile în timpul pandemiei de COVID-19. Implicarea partenerilor sociali în măsurile introduse pentru a atenua impactul negativ al pandemiei variază de la o țară europeană la alta. Dialogul social și negocierea colectivă au jucat un rol important în cele mai multe țări, în timp ce în altele au avut un rol mai limitat. Raportul analizează și schimbările intervenite în procesele de dialog social și/sau de negociere colectivă existente la nivel național.
Acest raport analizează rolul dialogului social și al negocierii colective în abordarea provocărilor create sau exacerbate de pandemia de COVID-19 în sectorul spitalicesc. Raportul analizează, de asemenea, dacă procedurile de dialog social și de negociere colectivă existente la nivel național au fost adaptate pentru a aborda aceste noi provocări.
Acest raport este realizat în contextul proiectului-pilot desfășurat pe o perioadă de trei ani (2021-2023), intitulat „Rolul salariului minim în stabilirea garanției universale pentru lucrători”, delegat agenției Eurofound de către Comisia Europeană. Elementul său central este modulul 3 al proiectului, care analizează salariile minime și alte forme de remunerare pentru lucrătorii independenți.
Restricțiile stricte în materie de sănătate publică puse în aplicare de guverne în 2020 pentru a controla pandemia de COVID-19 au schimbat brusc viața profesională și au continuat să o modeleze în cei doi ani care au urmat. În perioada martie-noiembrie 2021, s-au realizat peste 70 000 de interviuri în 36 de țări prin Sondajul european telefonic privind condițiile de muncă (European Working Conditions Telephone Survey – EWCTS), un sondaj de înaltă calitate bazat pe probabilități, pentru a oferi o imagine detaliată a vieții profesionale a europenilor în această perioadă excepțională.
This study provides information allowing for an assessment of the representativeness of the actors involved in the European sectoral social dialogue committee for the Food and drink sector. Their relative representativeness legitimises their right to be consulted, their role and effective participation in the European sectoral social dialogue and their capacity to negotiate agreements. The aim of Eurofound’s studies on representativeness is to identify the relevant national and European social partner organisations in the field of industrial relations in the EU Member States.
Raportul analizează modul în care a evoluat încrederea cetățenilor în instituții – inclusiv în guvernele naționale, UE, știință și mass-media – în timpul pandemiei de COVID-19, respectiv în 2020 și 2021. Este analizat rolul mass-mediei, în special relația dintre utilizarea mijloacelor de comunicare socială și încredere și impactul informării greșite (informații incorecte sau care induc în eroare) și al dezinformării (informații deliberat înșelătoare) în timpul perioadei de criză.
Calitatea instituțiilor este un factor-cheie în realizarea convergenței economice și sociale ascendente în UE, jucând un rol fundamental în creșterea economiei, atragerea investițiilor străine, asigurarea punerii în aplicare a politicilor și reformelor și accesarea cu succes a fondurilor UE. Adecvarea instituțiilor publice la scopul urmărit este deosebit de relevantă în prezent în ceea ce privește aplicarea programului NextGenerationEU, deoarece calitatea instituțională slabă poate împiedica accesul la fonduri și submina eficacitatea programului în sine.
The EU Presidency of Czechia organised a high-level conference in October 2022 on ‘Tackling energy poverty: EU approach & sharing best practices’. The event aimed to bring different actors together in order to strengthen the dialogue on possible solutions on how to further tackle energy poverty in the EU. This background paper, prepared at the request of the Czech Presidency, aims to contribute to the debate.
This working paper investigates the practical implementation of the European Works Council (EWC) Directive at company level. It explores the challenges faced by existing EWCs and provides examples of solutions identified and remaining issues from the point of view of both workers and management. In addition, the paper looks at how EWCs meet the requirements of the EWC Directive in terms of establishing processes of information and consultation.
Piețele de muncă europene au avut o redresare dinamică după pandemia de COVID-19. La sfârșitul anului 2021, după puțin mai mult de 18 luni de la începutul pandemiei, ratele de ocupare în UE erau aproape la nivelurile de dinaintea crizei. Raportul de față sintetizează evoluțiile de pe piața muncii din 2020 și 2021, utilizând date trimestriale din ancheta UE asupra forței de muncă. În acest sens, raportul abordează un punct de vedere structural, cu accent pe datele la nivel de sector și la nivel de ocupație, și ține cont de variabilele demografice esențiale: genul și vârsta.
The European Restructuring Monitor (ERM) has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This publication series include the ERM reports, as well as blogs, articles and working papers on restructuring-related events in the EU27 and Norway.
Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the European Working Conditions Telephone Survey (EWCTS) 2021, an extraordinary edition conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic. The survey was first carried out in 1990.
This publication series gathers all overview reports on developments in working life, annual reviews in industrial relations and working conditions produced by Eurofound on the basis of national contributions from the Network of Eurofound Correspondents (NEC). Since 1997, these reports have provided overviews of the latest developments in industrial relations and working conditions across the EU and Norway. The series may include recent ad hoc articles written by members of the NEC.
Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, launched in April 2020, with five rounds completed at different stages during 2020, 2021 and 2022. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.
Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.
This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.
The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.
Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.
Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.
This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).
This report explores the association between skills use and skills strategies and establishment performance, and how other workplace practices, in terms of work organisation, human resources management and employee involvement, can impact on this. It looks at how skills shortages can be addressed, at least in part, by creating an environment in which employees are facilitated and motivated to make better use of the skills they already have. This further supports the business case for a more holistic approach to management.
This paper provides an analytical summary of state of the art academic and policy literature on the impact of climate change and policies to manage transitions to a carbon neutral economy on employment, working conditions, social dialogue and living conditions. It maps the key empirical findings around the impact of climate change and the green transitions on jobs, sectors, regions and countries in Europe, identifying the opportunities and risks that climate change policies bring to European labour markets.
In 2022, the European Semester was streamlined to integrate the Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF) established on 19 February 2021 (Regulation (EU) 2021/241). While facing the geopolitical and economic challenges triggered by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, Member States have been implementing the national Recovery and Resilience Plans (RRPs) for more than one year and around 100 billion euro in RRF funds have already been disbursed.
As economies emerge from the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, labour shortages are becoming increasingly evident. These include shortages exacerbated by the crisis in some sectors and professions where they had been endemic for some time. This report will look at measures implemented at national level to tackle labour shortages in the health, care and information and communications technology sectors, as well as those arising from the twin digital and green transitions.
This report explores the drivers of economic and social convergence in Europe, using a selected set of economic and social indicators to examine trends in the performance of individual Member States. It also investigates what role the Economic and Monetary Union plays in convergence, particularly in southern and eastern Member States. The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on convergence is analysed and initial conclusions are drawn about the impact of EU recovery packages and their ability to prevent divergence.
As part of its response to Russia’s war on Ukraine, the EU swiftly activated its Temporary Protection Directive for those fleeing the conflict in Ukraine – enabling displaced persons to settle in the EU and have access to the labour market and basic public services. This policy brief highlights the main barriers encountered by these refugees (over 5 million people to date) when seeking a job and provides suggestions on how to facilitate their integration.
With the expansion of telework and different forms of hybrid work as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, it is important for policymakers to consider both the opportunities and the negative consequences that may result. This report will explore potential scenarios for such work. In doing so, it will identify trends and drivers, and predict how they might interact to create particular outcomes and how they are likely to affect workers and businesses. Policy pointers will outline what could be done to facilitate desirable outcomes and to avoid undesirable ones.
Living and working in Europe, Eurofound’s 2022 yearbook, provides a snapshot of the latest developments in the work and lives of Europeans as explored in the Agency’s research activities over the course of 2022. Eurofound’s research on working and living conditions in Europe provides a bedrock of evidence for input into social policymaking and achieving the Agency’s vision ‘to be Europe’s leading knowledge source for better life and work’.
The term ‘hybrid work’ became popular due to the upsurge of telework during the COVID-19 pandemic. The term has been increasingly used to refer to situations in which (teleworkable) work is performed both from the usual place of work (normally the employer’s premises) and from home (as experienced during the pandemic) or other locations. However, the concept of hybrid work is still blurry, and various meanings are in use. This topical update brings clarity to this concept by exploring available information from recent literature and the Network of Eurofound Correspondents.
Housing affordability is a matter of great concern across the EU. Poor housing affordability leads to housing evictions, housing insecurity, problematic housing costs and housing inadequacy. These problems negatively affect health and well-being, create unequal living conditions and opportunities, and come with healthcare costs, reduced productivity and environmental damage. Private market tenants face particularly large increases in the cost of housing.