As the EU economy advanced its recovery following the pandemic, the high rate of inflation throughout 2022 meant that wage setting actors made their decisions under a cloud of uncertainty. While nominal increases in statutory minimum wages reached an all-time high, minimum wage workers in most countries saw their purchasing power decline or just about compensated at the beginning of 2023, based on preliminary harmonised inflation figures. With inflation expected to persist, a further depreciation of minimum wages in real terms can be expected in most Member States, as only a few foresee additional increases in 2023.
Minimum wages in the EU
- Published between
- 2 február 2015 - 23 január 2023
This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.
- Report30 november 2022
Táto správa bola vypracovaná v rámci trojročného pilotného projektu (2021 – 2023) s názvom Úloha minimálnej mzdy pri vytváraní všeobecnej záruky práce, ktorým Európska komisia poverila nadáciu Eurofound. Zameriava sa na modul 3 projektu, ktorý skúma minimálne mzdy a iné formy odmeňovania samostatne zárobkovo činných osôb.
- Blog15 jún 2022
Minimum wages have risen significantly in 2022, as the EU Member States leave behind the cautious mood of the pandemic. However, rising inflation is eating up these wage increases, and only flexibility in the regular minimum wage setting processes may avoid generalised losses in purchasing power among minimum wage earners. On 6 June 2022, the Council of the EU and the European Parliament reached a political agreement on the Directive on adequate minimum wages proposed by the Commission in October 2020. Once formally approved, EU Member States will have to transpose it into national law within two years.
- Report15 jún 2022
Po opatrnom kole stanovovania minimálnej mzdy na rok 2021 sa nominálne sadzby na rok 2022 výrazne zvýšili, keďže negatívne dôsledky pandémie sa zmiernili a postavenie ekonomík a trhov práce sa zlepšilo. V tejto súvislosti svoje sadzby zvýšilo 20 z 21 členských štátov EÚ so zákonom stanovenou minimálnou mzdou. V členských štátoch strednej a východnej Európy sa v porovnaní s krajinami pred rozšírením zaznamenal výrazný nárast, zatiaľ čo k najväčšiemu zvýšeniu došlo v Nemecku.
- Article27 január 2022
The first overview of minimum wage setting for 2022 shows that, while some negotiations are still ongoing, virtually all EU Member States have increased their nominal statutory rates. Compared to last year, when most countries settled for cautious increases against a background of deep uncertainty caused by the pandemic, growth in statutory rates for 2022 was stronger, reflecting an easing of the situation. This was especially the case in central and eastern European countries, where some increases were in double digits. Nevertheless, inflation is back in the picture and should be monitored in the coming months to get an insight into how the increases in nominal minimum wage rates translate into actual changes in the purchasing power of minimum wage earners.
- Blog26 október 2021
While the number of employees earning the minimum wage has increased across Europe over the last decade, spurred by significant minimum wage hikes, a clear gender divide emerges, with minimum wage earners more likely to be women. Minimum wage earners are also more likely to live in materially deprived households.
- Report10 jún 2021
V tejto správe sú zhrnuté informácie o tom, ako boli stanovené sadzby minimálnej mzdy v roku 2020 – roku poznačenom pandémiou COVID-19, pre rok 2021. Posudzujú sa v nej výzvy, ktorým čelia vnútroštátne rozhodovacie orgány, a spôsob, akým reagovali na problémy spojené s hospodárskym a sociálnym úpadkom spôsobeným pandémiou pri rozhodovaní o minimálnej mzde. Mapuje rozsah, v akom sa minimálne mzdy uvádzali v rámci podporných opatrení prijatých v súvislosti s pandémiou COVID-19.
- Blog8 jún 2021
Decision-makers approached minimum wage setting for 2021 cautiously due to the economic uncertainty caused by the pandemic. Despite this, nominal statutory minimum wages rose in most Member States and the UK, although at lower rates than in recent years.
- Article3 február 2021
Despite the unusually tough economic and labour market conditions, most EU Member States made nominal and real increases to their minimum wages in 2020. This is what a first overview of recent minimum wage developments reveals. Some countries lived up to earlier promises or pre-agreements, while other countries strayed somewhat off their original path but still maintained the overall trend of increasing minimum wages in line with other wages. Although most countries were cautious in the level of increase granted, low inflation rates meant that the value of minimum wages still went up beyond rises in consumer prices. For the time being, at least, it can be concluded that the policy response in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic is distinct from the approach taken during the global financial crisis, when a greater number of countries moved quickly to freeze nominal minimum wages.
- Blog7 júl 2020
Minimum wages, one of the cornerstone issues for Ursula von der Leyen’s Commission, were a hot topic in the EU at the beginning of the year. Then the COVID-19 public health crisis struck. Now, with an economic crisis and recession looming, the question is not only what impact the crisis has had on minimum wage earners, but also what is the impact on the debate itself. How can the European Commission and Member States ensure minimum wages that are fair and provide a decent standard of living during and following a ‘black swan’ such as the Coronacrisis?
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- Preliminary framework for a Eurofound Collective Agreements Database on collectively bargained minimum pay ratesWorking paper30 november 2022
- Besamusca, Janna; Guzi, Martin; Tijdens, Kea; Caminha Barros, Ludmila; Medas, Gabriele; Osse, Paulien; Szüdi, Gabor
- Number of pages
- Referenčné č.
- Summary of national databases and archives for the Eurofound Collective Agreements DatabaseWorking paper30 november 2022
- Medas, Gabriele; Szüdi, Gabor; Besamusca, Janna; Caminha Barros, Ludmila; Tijdens, Kea; Osse, Paulien
- Number of pages
- Referenčné č.
- Minimum wage developments in the last decade, low-paid employees and minimum wage earnersWorking paper10 jún 2021