Publications

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Latest publications

  • Article
    28 júl 2003

    At the end of 2002, three-quarters of Dutch employees were covered by
    collective agreements containing childcare arrangements. However, in 2003, in
    anticipation of new childcare provision legislation due to come into force in
    2005, employers are cutting back the proportion of childcare costs that they
    meet under such agreements. At the same time, the cost of childcare is
    increasing as market forces take hold in the childcare sector and labour
    costs rise because of the abolition of state-subsidised employment and wage
    increases for regular staff.

  • Other
    28 júl 2003

    The comparative supplement in this issue of EIRObserver examines the subject of overtime in 19 European countries: the 15 EU Member States, Hungary, Norway, Poland and Slovakia. It outlines the following aspects: the regulation of overtime through legislation and collective agreements; the level of overtime working; and the positions, strategies and debates of the industrial relations actors. Working time also features as a topic in this issue relating to cases in Spain, Finland and Italy. EIRObserver is the bi-monthly bulletin of the European Industrial Relations Observatory. It contains an edited selection of feature and news items, based on some of the reports supplied for the EIROnline database over each two-month period, in this case for May and June 2003. In addition to this, EIRO conducts comparative research on specific themes.

  • Article
    27 júl 2003

    In June 2003, a Spanish court issued its judgment on the 'Ardystil syndrome',
    one of the country's worst occupational health disasters, which resulted in
    six deaths and over 70 serious illnesses among employees in textile printing
    companies in Valencia in the early 1990s. The long-awaited ruling found that
    the employers concerned were clearly responsible, and that the public
    authorities failed to fulfil their role as a guarantor of safety.

  • Article
    27 júl 2003

    In June 2003, after five months of negotiations, the Confindustria employers'
    confederation and the three main trade union confederations (Cgil, Cisl and
    Uil) signed a pact aimed at relaunching development, employment and
    competitiveness in Italy. The agreement focuses on research, training, the
    South of Italy and infrastructure, and seeks to influence the government's
    future economic policy.

  • Article
    27 júl 2003

    Agriculture remains an important part of the Dutch economy, accounting for
    around 10% of GDP . The sector is currently undergoing major changes in terms
    of production, markets and technology, with important implications for
    employment. This article examines industrial relations in agriculture,
    looking at the social partners, the unique system of bipartite 'commodity
    boards', collective bargaining and the key issues of casual labour and health
    and safety.

  • Article
    27 júl 2003

    In May 2003 after only three rounds of talks, the Mining, Chemicals and
    Energy Industrial Union (Industriegewerkschaft Bergbau, Chemie, Energie, IG
    BCE) and the German Federation of Chemicals Employers' Associations
    (Bundesarbeitgeberverband Chemie, BAVC) signed a package of new collective
    agreements for the 580,000 or so employees in the German chemicals industry.
    The package includes: a new pay agreement; an amendment to the working time
    agreement; a new collective agreement on training; and a new agreement on
    increasing the number of apprenticeship and training places.

  • 23 júl 2003

    Foresight is an important tool in policy analysis, and encompasses a wide spectrum of methods and approaches. This handbook tackles the major questions that have to be considered in embarking upon knowledge society foresight. It does so largely in a question-and-answer format. The handbook is neither an essay on knowledge society foresight nor is it simply a toolkit of ways to think about long-term futures. It is a guide to foresight and to making decisions to undertake activity in the field. It is illustrated with some examples drawn from relevant activities around the world, while a series of annexes provide more discussion, essays and resource materials for those wishing to pursue matters more deeply.

  • Other
    23 júl 2003

    In 1997, the European Council called for a high-level group to examine the economic and social implications of industrial change. With the full support of the European Parliament, Commission and social partners, it proposed the creation of the European Centre on Monitoring Change (EMCC) within the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. The EMCC’s mission is to cast a spotlight on the economic and social developments that drive change in the European economy. It highlights changes resulting from shifts in technology, work organisation, production and business models, legislation, working practices and the labour market. Using research and analysis, EMCC provides companies, the social partners, public authorities and European institutions with the data and qualitative information they need in order to manage the consequences of such change.

  • Article
    22 júl 2003

    During recent years, two developments on the Bulgarian labour market have
    caused particular concern among the authorities and social partners - the use
    of hired labour without a signed employment contract, and the widespread
    practice of employers paying social insurance contributions only on the basis
    of the national minimum wage, rather than on employees' actual pay. The
    present government has recently introduced two new inter-related measures -
    both long demanded by trade unions - adding to the efforts of previous
    governments to reduce the extent of these two problems. The National Council
    for Tripartite Partnership (NCTP) has agreed these measures, which are:
    mandatory registration of employment contracts with the National Social
    Security Institute (NSSI); and the introduction of minimum social insurance
    thresholds, higher than the national minimum wage and set at different levels
    for the various economic sectors and the occupations.

  • Article
    22 júl 2003

    The Act on Data Protection in Working Life [1] (477/2001) came into force on
    1 October 2001 (FI0106191F [2]), governing the protection of personal data in
    the employment context. However, it lacked clear rules in a number of areas,
    such as employers’ rights to conduct drug tests on job applicants and
    employees, use video surveillance at the workplace and open employees’
    e-mails while they are absent. On the initiative of parliament, the Ministry
    of Labour soon afterwards set up a working group to prepare proposals for
    legislation in these areas. The group included members from the Ministry of
    Social Affairs and Health, the Ministry of Transport and the Data Protection
    Ombudsman (Tietosuojaviranomaiset), as well as representatives of trade
    unions and employers’ organisations. It published its unanimous report on
    26 June 2003.

    [1] http://www.mol.fi/english/working/dataprotection.html
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-working-conditions/act-on-protection-of-privacy-in-working-life-adopted

Series

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications