Publications

Browse publications

Latest publications

  • Article
    23 jún 2003

    In March 2003, the Institute for Economic and Social Research within the Hans
    Böckler Foundation (Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaftliches Institut in
    der Hans-Böckler-Stiftung, WSI) presented the first results of its third
    works and staff council survey (published in a special issue [1] of
    /WSI-Mitteilungen/, Vol. 56, No. 3, 2003). The survey was carried out in
    summer 2002 and included a representative sample of establishments with 20 or
    more employees. The principal aim of the survey is to give a current overview
    of the situation of works council [2] s and (public sector) staff council [3]
    s in Germany and to monitor industrial relations at establishment level. A
    special evaluation of the survey data provides information on implementation
    of the 2001 reform of the Works Constitution [4] Act
    (Betriebsverfassungsgesetz, BetrVG) (DE0107234F [5]) with regard to the
    promotion of the representation of women on works councils and of equal
    opportunities for men and women at company level ('Gleichstellung von Frauen
    und Männern in der betrieblichen Interessenvertretung', Christina Klenner
    and Christiane Lindecke, in /WSI-Mitteilungen/, Vol. 56, No. 3, 2003).

    [1] http://www.boeckler.de/rde/xchg/SID-3D0AB75F-49F96D2E/hbs/hs.xsl/119_27931.html
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/works-council-2
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/staff-council-0
    [4] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/works-constitution-0
    [5] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-working-conditions/works-constitution-act-reform-adopted

  • Article
    20 jún 2003

    Dans l’Union européenne, l’année 2002 a en général été marquée par
    un ralentissement de la croissance économique, une hausse du chômage et une
    recrudescence de l’inflation. Il n’est pas surprenant dans ce contexte
    que les salaires - et notamment les appels à la modération salariale -
    aient revêtu autant sinon davantage d’importance dans les relations
    industrielles. Par ailleurs, l’évolution des salaires a plus que jamais
    été un thème phare en 2002, année où l’Union économique et monétaire
    (UEM) de l’UE est entrée dans une nouvelle phase avec l’introduction des
    billets et des pièces en euros dans les 12 pays de la 'zone euro'. Les
    avancées de l’UEM impliquent que les pays de la zone euro ne pouvant plus
    utiliser les taux de change et les taux d’intérêt comme moyens de
    compensation des déséquilibres des performances économiques, la politique
    salariale a dû jouer un rôle de plus en plus important pour corriger ces
    déséquilibres. En outre, dans le cadre de l’UEM, l’évolution des
    salaires constitue un facteur clé pour déterminer si l’économie de
    l’UE connaît une tendance inflationniste ou déflationniste.
    L’introduction de l’euro a par ailleurs amélioré la transparence en
    matière de comparaison des niveaux de salaire en Europe.

  • Article
    20 jún 2003

    In der gesamten Europäischen Union war 2002 generell ein Jahr, in dem sich
    das Wirtschaftswachstum verlangsamte, die Arbeitslosigkeit zunahm und sich
    die Inflation verstärkte. Es ist nicht überraschend, dass in diesem Kontext
    die Entlohnung - und insbesondere Aufforderungen in Bezug auf maßvolle
    Lohnforderungen - ihre zentrale Bedeutung für die Arbeitsbeziehungen behielt
    und sogar noch ausbaute. Zudem standen im Jahr 2002 die Lohnentwicklungen
    stärker als je zuvor im Brennpunkt des Interesses, da in diesem Jahr die
    Wirtschafts- und Währungsunion (WWU) der EU mit der Einführung von
    Euro-Banknoten und -Münzen in den zwölf Ländern des 'Euro-Gebiets' in eine
    neue Phase trat. Der Fortschritt der WWU bedeutet, dass sich die
    Aufmerksamkeit mehr und mehr auf die Entlohnung als Mittel für die Anpassung
    an wirtschaftliche Ungleichgewichte richten wird, da die Länder des
    Euro-Gebiets für derartige Anpassungen keine Wechselkurse und Zinssätze
    mehr verwenden können. Ferner sind innerhalb der WWU die Lohnentwicklungen
    ein Schlüsselfaktor dafür, ob sich die Wirtschaft der EU in Richtung einer
    Inflation oder einer Deflation entwickelt. Durch die Einführung des Euro
    sind Lohnvergleiche innerhalb Europas auch transparenter geworden.

  • Article
    18 jún 2003

    In May 2003, the white-collar Confederation of Vocational Unions
    (Yrkesorganisasjonenes Sentralforbund, YS) participated for the first time in
    the statutory congress [1] of the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC),
    held in Prague. Over the previous year or so, YS had joined international
    trade union organisations at the Nordic, European and global level - ie the
    Council of Nordic Trade Unions (Norden Faglige Samorganisasjon, NFS [2]),
    ETUC, and the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions (ICFTU [3]).
    YS had long aspired to become a member of these organisations, and its
    leader, Randi Bjørgan, stated in a press release that she was delighted
    finally to be able to represent YS at the ETUC congress. She emphasised in
    her speech at the congress that the issues facing Norwegian trade unions are
    also important issues in other countries, and that the congress confirmed the
    value of cooperation to tackle these issues through the European trade union
    movement.

    [1] http://www.etuc.org/EN/xCongress/
    [2] http://www.nfs.net/
    [3] http://www.icftu.org/

  • Article
    18 jún 2003

    Figures published by Statistics Norway (Statistisk Sentralbyrå, SSB) in
    mid-2003 suggest that approximately 150,000 working days were lost as a
    result of labour disputes in 2002. The number of working days lost per 1,000
    employees was approximately 70. This means that the number of working days
    lost in industrial disputes in 2002 (NO0206105F [1]) was lower than in the
    other years over the past decade when bargaining over main wage settlements
    occurred (ie 1992, 1996, 1998 and 2000). The equivalent figure in 2000, the
    year of the last main bargaining round, was just under 500,000. At the same
    time, however, the 2002 figures confirm that Norway is among those
    industrialised countries with a medium to high level of industrial conflict
    (TN0303104U [2]).

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/2002-bargaining-brings-high-wage-increases-and-few-conflicts
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/developments-in-industrial-action-1998-2002

  • Other
    18 jún 2003

    This report outlines the proceedings from a Foundation seminar on the theme of interactions between the labour market and social protection. The main conclusion to emerge is that interactions between the labour market and social protection are complex but very necessary in the current situation in Europe. Creative policy mixes are needed in order to make the trajectories of policy reform successful. They will lead to more sustainability of the European social model. The seminar expanded on work done previously by the Foundation such as the first Foundation paper on quality of work and employment. It referred also to a number of more specific projects, which are/have been carried out by the Foundation such as ‘negotiating the conditions of flexibility’, ‘pacts for employment and competitiveness’, and ‘integrated approaches towards the activation of minimum-income recipients’.

  • Other
    18 jún 2003

    This conference at Sheffield Halham University addressed some critical issues relating to how the supply of care workers – both those involved in childcare and those who provide domiciliary care for older people living in their own homes – can be stimulated to match the growing demand for their caring labour. The conference heard contributions from leading experts in the field, drawn from employers, trade unions, policymakers and academics, representing seven different European countries.

  • Case study
    16 jún 2003

    The European Monitoring Centre for Change (EMCC) set out five case studies regarding developments in the graphics and media sector. These cover: Sportnews Internet Services, Greece; the BBC, UK; Gopher Publishers, the Netherlands; Borsen, the leading business newspaper in Denmark; and Daydream Software, Sweden. Each case study sets out the background to the company, market dynamics and company changes, organisation and workforce and the market, education and training, and virtualisation of the workplace. The interview questionnaire is also included for reference.

  • Case study
    16 jún 2003

    The European Monitoring Centre for Change (EMCC) set out five case studies regarding developments in the graphics and media sector. These cover: Sportnews Internet Services, Greece; the BBC, UK; Gopher Publishers, the Netherlands; Borsen, the leading business newspaper in Denmark; and Daydream Software, Sweden. Each case study sets out the background to the company, market dynamics and company changes, organisation and workforce and the market, education and training, and virtualisation of the workplace. The interview questionnaire is also included for reference.

  • Case study
    16 jún 2003

    The European Monitoring Centre for Change (EMCC) set out five case studies regarding developments in the graphics and media sector. These cover: Sportnews Internet Services, Greece; the BBC, UK; Gopher Publishers, the Netherlands; Borsen, the leading business newspaper in Denmark; and Daydream Software, Sweden. Each case study sets out the background to the company, market dynamics and company changes, organisation and workforce and the market, education and training, and virtualisation of the workplace. The interview questionnaire is also included for reference.

Series

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

Forthcoming publications