There has been increasing EU activity in the area of corporate social
responsibility (CSR) over the past few years. The most recent developments
include a July 2002 European Commission Communication  (COM (2003) 347)
entitled /Corporate Social Responsibility: A business contribution to
sustainable development/, in which it outlines a strategy on CSR (EU0207205F
). One of the main results of this initiative was the launch of a new
European Multi-Stakeholder Forum on Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR EMS
Forum ) in October 2002 (EU0211205F ).
After negotiations on the government’s /Agenda for change/ proposals for
the National Health Service (NHS) (UK0201172F ) were concluded
successfully at the end of 2002 (UK0303104F ), all health service trade
unions embarked on an extensive process of membership consultation and
internal debate culminating in a series of membership ballots. The nature of
the debate and the outcome of the ballots, however, varied between the trade
La couverture de la négociation collective et les mécanismes permettant d’étendre les dispositions des conventions collectives au-delà des membres des organisations signataires sont des facteurs qui influencent de façon importante les procédures et les pratiques de fixation des salaires, du temps de travail et des conditions de travail, et de ce fait ont également un impact sur la croissance économique.
The European Commission issued a Communication , entitled /Strengthening
the social dimension of the Lisbon strategy: streamlining open coordination
in the field of social protection/, on 28 May 2003. The proposal aims to
improve, simplify and make more visible the work of the EU in coordinating
Member States’ social protection policies in the areas of: pensions; social
inclusion and combating poverty; healthcare and care for the elderly; and
social security systems, with particular emphasis on how these encourage
people to seek work rather than remain on social benefits.
On 31 May 2003, it was announced that Tony Woodley, a left-wing candidate in
the election to become general secretary of the Transport and General
Workers’ Union (TGWU), had beaten his main rival, Jack Dromey, by 66,985
votes to 45,136. Mr Dromey was tagged by the press as the modernising,
'Blair-ite' candidate, whereas Mr Woodley had indicated that he would make
common cause with left-wing leaders of other trade unions in campaigning
against the Blair government’s 'New Labour' policies. Barry Camfield, seen
as being further to the left than Mr Woodley, polled 28,346 votes in the
election, while Jimmy Elsby, the choice of outgoing general secretary Bill
Morris, came in fourth place with 13,336 votes. The turn-out of members
voting in the election was 20.9%.
Der Geltungsbereich von Tarifverträgen und deren Übertragbarkeit auf andere als die unterzeichnenden Organisationen sind wichtige Faktoren, die sich erheblich auf die Verfahrensweisen und Praktiken auswirken, mit denen die Löhne und Gehälter, die Arbeitszeiten und -bedingungen festgelegt werden. Sie haben somit auch Auswirkungen auf die wirtschaftliche Entwicklung. Diese EIRO-Vergleichsstudie enthält quantitative Daten zu den Tarifbindungsraten und gibt einen Überblick über die rechtlichen Grundlagen für die Übertragungsmechanismen in 20 europäischen Ländern, d. h.
This new report covers the main industrial relations developments during 2002 throughout the European Union, Norway and three of the candidate countries, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia. It focuses on key issues covered by collective bargaining such as pay, working time, job security and equal opportunities. It also examines areas such as legislative developments, industrial action and vocational training and provides a comprehensive review of the European-level social dialogue between trade union and employer organisations. A final thematic chapter tackling the issue of migration in the context of industrial relations developments provides a very real context for this important joint initiative between the Foundation and the European Commission.
This information sheet provides a brief overview of the Foundation's research report (EF02109) concerning the extent, focus and implications of violence and harassment in the workplace in the EU. It presents evidence of the adverse effects on individuals, organisations and society, and assesses the potential financial costs. It reviews the upsurge in regulatory activity and legislation with respect to preventing and managing violence and harassment at work. A report summary on this topic is also available (EF02112). Information sheets set out a brief overview of each project, forming a useful introduction point. They answer key questions as to: What is the project about? Why is the research being carried out? What are the findings/objectives and whom do they concern? When will the project be completed? How might the findings be translated into action?
The challenges arising from low employment rates, an ageing population, changing family structures and social exclusion have pushed ‘quality of life’ issues to the front of the EU social policy agenda. The Foundation has launched an initiative to improve the monitoring and reporting of living conditions and quality of life in Europe.
Annexes to the Annual Report 2002, containing information on: the Foundation work programme; Administrative Board and other committees; staff; meetings and conferences; publications and budget. See Annual report 2002.
Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.
This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.
Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, conducted in three rounds – in April and July 2020 and in March 2021. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.
The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.
The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.
Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.
Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.
This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).
This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.
The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.
This report captures the impact of the COVID-19 crisis on the quality of life of older citizens, including the impact on their well-being, finances, employment and social inclusion. It explores the effects on care use and reliance on other support. The report analyses policy measures that have been implemented in EU Member States that have proven particularly important for the quality of life of older citizens, for example, measures to support independent living.
This report examines a number of collective labour disputes involving industrial action in EU Member States, Norway and the UK. It provides a comprehensive study of each labour dispute, including information on industrial action events and the context for each dispute, as well as the relevant topics, actors, attempts at resolution and outcomes. Different types of collective labour disputes and their occurrence in various countries and sectors are presented, indicating how they are linked to different industrial relations regimes.
Social dialogue lies at the heart of the EU treaties and governance. Social partners are core stakeholders who can assess policy needs and contribute to policy formation and to designing and implementing national reforms in the social and employment fields. This report focuses on the timely and meaningful involvement of national social partners in the preparation of the new resilience and recovery plans and the national reform programmes (NRPs) that were temporarily integrated under the European Semester in 2021.
This policy brief explores the social situation of Europeans with a disability during the COVID-19 pandemic. Using data from the March–April 2021 Living, working and COVID-19 e-survey, it compares the situation of respondents with and without a disability in three areas: perceptions of the healthcare system, mental well-being and financial precarity.
This report examines the phenomenon of overtime in the EU, providing a comparative description of how it is regulated in EU Member States. It also assesses how contentious the issue can be and investigates the reasons behind the various disputes and debates. Finally, the report attempts to quantify and characterise the share of overtime for which workers are not paid or compensated. The analysis is based on information collected in EU Member States by the Network of Eurofound Correspondents.
Living and working in Europe, Eurofound’s 2021 yearbook, provides a snapshot of the latest developments in the work and lives of Europeans as explored in the Agency’s research activities over the course of 2021. The range of topics as a result is broad, from the growing diversity of employment across EU regions to developments in minimum wages, and of course the continuing impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Every year, Eurofound compiles a report summarising the key developments in minimum wages across EU countries. The report explains how minimum wages are set and describes the role of social partners, covering the evolution of statutory rates, collectively agreed wages and the national debates on these issues.
This report investigates the practical implementation of the European Works Council (EWC) Directive at company level. It explores the challenges faced by existing EWCs and provides examples of identified solutions and remaining issues from the point of view of both workers and management. The report looks at the way that EWCs meet the requirements of the EWC Directive in terms of establishing processes of information and consultation.
This report will map the existing regulations on telework in European Union Member States, including in legislation and collective agreements. It will present the most recent changes to these regulations and shed light on how the future of (tele)work could be regulated at both national and EU level, in order to improve working conditions in telework arrangements and reduce the risks associated with telework and with specific ways of working remotely.
The civil aviation sector has been deeply impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. It is one of the most severe crises the sector has ever experienced, giving rise to a number of significant challenges for companies and workers alike. This study will explore the role of social dialogue and collective bargaining in how the sector is adapting to the pandemic. What kinds of changes have been introduced, either through social dialogue or collective bargaining? Are the changes temporary or permanent?