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  • Article
    27 apríl 1997

    On 9 April 1997, the telecommunication conglomerate Deutsche Telekom AG and
    the Deutsche Postgewerkschaft (DPG) postal workers' union signed a package of
    enterprise-level collective agreements for the employees at the Telekom
    subsidiary Deutsche Telekom Mobilnet GmbH (DeTeMobil). After five months of
    negotiations, this package represents the first such collective agreement in
    the mobile telephony industry since the beginning of the step-by-step
    liberalisation of the telecommunications sector.

  • Article
    27 apríl 1997

    Pay for 15,000 newspaper distributors has been increased by SEK 2.75 per hour
    retrospectively from 1 January 1997 and by SEK 0.45 from 1 August 1997,
    according to the new collective agreement between the Swedish Publishers'
    Association and the Swedish Transport Workers' Union. The agreement runs for
    one year. A novel feature of the agreement is that employees from now on have
    undertaken to distribute periodicals and other items of mail together with
    the newspapers. The employers have thus achieved one of their important

  • Article
    27 apríl 1997

    Currently the minimum wage in the tourism sector is ATS 54 net per hour. The
    Hotel, Restaurant, Personal Services Workers (Gewerkschaft Hotel,
    Gastgewerbe, Persönlicher Dienst,HGPD) is seeking an increase of the minimum
    gross monthly full-time wage from ATS 11,440 to ATS 12,000 (payable 14 times
    per year). This is a nominal increase of 4.9%. With current inflation
    projections running at 1.9%, a real pay increase of 3.0% would result. The
    minimum net monthly income would be increased by ATS 378.40 from ATS 9,358 to
    ATS 9,736.40, a nominal increase of 4.0%. On the basis of 173 hours per
    month, the net hourly rate would increase by ATS 2.18 from the current ATS

  • Article
    27 apríl 1997

    In a recent report (/Social Europe/ 4/96, published in March/April 1997), the
    European Commission assesses the progress towards the achievement of the
    goals of the medium-term social action programme covering the period between
    1995-7. This social action programme, adopted in April 1995, is seen by the
    Commission as marking a breakthrough for new ideas and policies. The basic
    concept underlying the programme is that social policy is a productive factor
    facilitating change and progress, rather than a burden on the economy or an
    obstacle to growth.

  • Article
    27 apríl 1997

    The sabbatical leave pilot scheme, which was agreed as part of Finland's last
    incomes policy agreement, has begun as planned. So far, 5,500 employees have
    taken advantage of the scheme. The Ministry of Labour's target of
    5,000-10,000 employees per year appears likely to be achieved.

  • Article
    27 apríl 1997

    During the 1990s, the tendencies within Italian enterprises towards a greater
    participation of workers and their representatives have become more
    pronounced. This has applied to direct, economic/financial and institutional
    participation, and here we review recent developments, focusing on the second
    and third types of participation.

  • Article
    27 apríl 1997

    On 9 April 1997, the airline company Deutsche Lufthansa AG, the Union for
    Public Services, Transport and Communication (Gewerkschaft Öffentliche
    Dienste, Transport und Verkehr, ÖTV) and the German Salaried Employees'
    Union (Deutsche Angestelltengewerkschaft, DAG) concluded a package deal,
    which ended months of industrial action. The DAG agreed to be covered by the
    Lufthansa-ÖTV collective agreements signed in October 1996. Furthermore, the
    deal provides for an increase in the profit-sharing bonus of DEM 100 and an
    overtime pay rise for cockpit employees. From September 1997, the trade
    unions have the right to terminate the wage agreements in the event that
    Lufthansa does not keep special rules which were jointly established. In
    addition, Lufthansa, the ÖTV and the DAG agreed on the continuation of the
    existing collective agreement which maintains the status quo for cabin crew,
    as well as the existing general agreement on pay grades for ground staff, for
    another three years.

  • Article
    27 apríl 1997

    At the end of March 1997, Ericsson Telecom (part of the Swedish Ericsson
    Group) workers in Norrköping learned that their employer had made a
    preliminary agreement with two US companies, SCI Systems and Solectron, to
    sell the production of printed circuit cards part of the business. The
    company wanted the sale to take place before the summer.


  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor (ERM) has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This publication series include the ERM reports, as well as blogs, articles and working papers on restructuring-related events in the EU27 and Norway.

  • European Working Conditions Telephone Survey 2021

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the European Working Conditions Telephone Survey (EWCTS) 2021, an extraordinary edition conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Developments in working life, industrial relations and working conditions in the EU

    This publication series gathers all overview reports on developments in working life, annual reviews in industrial relations and working conditions produced by Eurofound on the basis of national contributions from the Network of Eurofound Correspondents (NEC). Since 1997, these reports have provided overviews of the latest developments in industrial relations and working conditions across the EU and Norway. The series may include recent ad hoc articles written by members of the NEC.

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, launched in April 2020, with five rounds completed at different stages during 2020, 2021 and 2022. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

Forthcoming publications