European Union Member States are obliged to prevent abuse arising from the
use of successive fixed-term employment contracts or relationships, in
accordance with Article 2 of Council Directive 99/70/EC .
The Working Time Directive issued by the European Commission (Directive
2003/88/EC ) defines working time  and provides for a maximum 48-hour
working week, including overtime , rest periods and breaks, and a minimum
of four weeks’ paid leave each year, to protect workers from adverse health
and safety risks. To comply, workers must be required to work no more than 48
hours a week averaged out over a four-month reference period. The aim is to
guarantee that workers do not work excessive hours or excessively at night,
and are entitled to adequate rest and holidays.