Tackling undeclared work database

Undeclared work can be defined as work which is in itself legal but is not declared to the authorities for tax, social security and/or labour law purposes. Across the 28 Member States of the European Union, a great deal of effort is being invested into developing and testing policy measures that aim to tackle undeclared work.

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Builders’ Social Fund, Romania

28 Oktober 2009
  • Romania
  The Builders’ Social Fund (Casa Socială a Constructorilor, CSC) was established in 1998 as a privately run welfare organisation to which the representative trade unions and employer organisations in the construction and building materials sector contribute equally. This framework offers the conditions for a multi-dimensional approach to combating illegal work. Welfare services are only made available to legally employed persons.  
  • Type of measure:

Improved cooperation between inspection authorities, Latvia

28 Oktober 2009
  • Latvia
Policy principles aiming to reduce illegal employment in Latvia recommend greater cooperation between controlling authorities. Cooperation and coordination between the inspection authorities have improved, including better exchange of information and joint activities. The State Labour Inspectorate is responsible for the labour market, while the State Revenue Service is responsible for financial and tax issues.
  • Sectors

  • Type of measure:

System to improve access to employment for Ukrainian citizens, Czech Republic

28 Oktober 2009
  • Czechia
  The presence of Ukrainian citizens in the Czech labour market is often associated with the informal economy. They come to the Czech Republic through a ‘client system’, by which migration and work is brokered for them quickly and easily, but also on the fringes of the law, which results in their exploitation. The project sought to offer potential immigrants information, a comprehensive migration service and work through legal channels.  
  • Type of measure:

    Changing attitudes: awareness raising, Prevention

Dimona, Belgium

28 Oktober 2009
  • Belgium
  Dimona (Déclaration IMmédiate/ONmiddellijke Aangifte) is an electronic system all employers are requested to use to register a new employee with the National Office for Social Security (Rijksdienst voor Sociale Zekerheid, RSZ). Every time an employee is hired by or leaves an employer, an electronic notification is submitted to all social security agencies.  
  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: improve detection, Prevention

Multiministerial body to combat illegal employment of foreign workers, Czech Republic

28 Oktober 2009
  • Czechia
  The Multiministerial Body for Combating the Illegal Employment of Foreign Workers is a government body which was established in 2000, bringing together representatives of the government, social partners and of private and research institutions that deal with the issue of foreign workers. The body’s tasks include monitoring the illegal employment of foreign workers, making legislative recommendations, coordinating the control operations of various authorities and proposing preventive measures.  
  • Sectors

  • Type of measure:

    Deterrence: improve detection, Prevention

Spinner, Italy

28 Oktober 2009
  • Italy
  • Type of measure:

Law to support care of dependent people, Spain

28 Oktober 2009
  • Spain
  On 1 January 2007, the Personal Autonomy and Dependent Care Law (39/2006) came into effect in Spain. It guarantees public support for people who cannot lead independent lives for reasons of illness, disability or age. The diversity of care arrangements covered by the bill will lead to the creation of formal employment and to a regularisation of previously undeclared employment, which is rather common in the field of domestic care.  
  • Type of measure:

    Legitimising undeclared work

First Business programme, Poland

28 Oktober 2009
  • Poland
  The ‘First Business’ (Pierwszy biznes) programme was launched in July 2005, and complemented the ‘First Job’ (Pierwsza praca) programme launched in June 2002. The ‘First Business’ programme focuses on supporting and promoting entrepreneurship and self-employment among young people. The programme is still ongoing and mainly targets secondary school graduates aged below 25 years and university graduates aged below 27 years.  
  • Type of measure:

    Legitimising undeclared work, Prevention

Transitory restriction on free movement of workers, Finland

28 Oktober 2009
  • Finland
  Undeclared work may be responsible for a significant proportion of total output in the Finnish economy, particularly in certain economic sectors such as construction, hotels and restaurants, or personal services. After the expansion of the EU in 2004, Finland introduced a transition period limiting the free movement of workers from the new Member States, as it anticipated a large influx of workers from these countries. However, the measure is deemed unsuccessful and only had a modest impact on the volumes of foreign workers coming to Finland.  
  • Sectors

  • Type of measure:

    Legitimising undeclared work

Reducing undeclared work in construction sector, Hungary

28 Oktober 2009
  • Hungary
The Hungarian construction sector is characterised by a substantial number of micro and small enterprises; it is also highly susceptible to various forms of undeclared work. Employers frequently officially pay their workers the minimum wage and then add an undeclared portion to the payment. The social partners reached a sectoral collective agreement in 2005, setting out formal occupational pay rates and higher minimum wages.
  • Type of measure:

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