V tem poročilu je analizirana vloga socialnega dialoga in kolektivnih pogajanj pri obravnavanju izzivov, s katerimi se je sektor civilnega letalstva spopadal med pandemijo covida-19. Vključenost socialnih partnerjev v ukrepe, uvedene za ublažitev negativnih posledic pandemije, se med posameznimi evropskimi državami razlikuje. Socialni dialog in kolektivna pogajanja so imeli pomembno vlogo v večini držav, medtem ko je bila ta vloga v nekaterih drugih bolj omejena. V poročilu so proučene tudi spremembe obstoječega socialnega dialoga in/ali postopkov kolektivnih pogajanj na nacionalni ravni.
V tem poročilu je proučena vloga socialnega dialoga in kolektivnih pogajanj pri obravnavanju izzivov, ki jih je povzročila ali zaostrila pandemija covida-19 v bolnišničnem sektorju. Poročilo prav tako išče odgovor na vprašanje, ali so bili obstoječi socialni dialog in postopki kolektivnih pogajanj na nacionalni ravni zadostno prilagojeni, da bi omogočili spoprijemanje s temi novimi izzivi. Raziskava je vključevala pregled literature za kontekstualizacijo strukturnih značilnosti bolnišničnega sektorja in analizo političnih pobud za obvladovanje krize, ki se izvajajo v EU-27 in na Norveškem.
To poročilo je pripravljeno v okviru triletnega pilotnega projekta (2021–2023) Vloga minimalne plače pri uvedbi univerzalnega jamstva za delo, ki ga je Evropska komisija poverila Eurofoundu. Poročilo se osredotoča na modul 3 projekta, v okviru katerega se raziskujejo minimalne plače in druge oblike plačila za samozaposlene.
Strogi ukrepi na področju javnega zdravja, ki so jih vlade leta 2020 uvedle za zajezitev pandemije covida-19, so nenadno spremenili naš način dela in nanj vplivali še v nadaljnjih dveh letih. Med marcem in novembrom 2021 je bilo v 36 državah opravljenih več kot 70 000 razgovorov v okviru evropske telefonske ankete o delovnih razmerah (EWCTS), ki je visokokakovostna raziskava reprezentativnega vzorca delavcev in podjetij. Njen cilj je bil pridobiti natančnejšo sliko o poklicnem življenju Evropejcev v tem izjemnem obdobju.
This study provides information allowing for an assessment of the representativeness of the actors involved in the European sectoral social dialogue committee for the Food and drink sector. Their relative representativeness legitimises their right to be consulted, their role and effective participation in the European sectoral social dialogue and their capacity to negotiate agreements. The aim of Eurofound’s studies on representativeness is to identify the relevant national and European social partner organisations in the field of industrial relations in the EU Member States.
V poročilu je proučeno, kako se je med pandemijo covida-19 v letih 2020 in 2021 razvijalo zaupanje državljanov v institucije, vključno z nacionalnimi vladami, EU, znanostjo in mediji. Analizirana sta tudi vloga medijev, zlasti korelacija med uporabo družbenih medijev in ravnjo zaupanja, ter učinek napačnih informacij (nepravilnih ali zavajajočih informacij) in dezinformacij (namerno zavajajočih informacij) v obdobju krize.
Kakovost institucij je ključen dejavnik za doseganje navzgor usmerjene ekonomske in socialne konvergence v EU, saj ima pomembno vlogo pri rasti gospodarstva, privabljanju tujih naložb, zagotavljanju izvajanja politik in reform ter uspešnem dostopu do sredstev EU. Ustreznost javnih institucij je trenutno še posebno pomembna pri izvajanju programa NextGenerationEU, saj lahko slaba institucionalna kakovost prepreči dostop do sredstev in ogrozi učinkovitost samega programa.
The EU Presidency of Czechia organised a high-level conference in October 2022 on ‘Tackling energy poverty: EU approach & sharing best practices’. The event aimed to bring different actors together in order to strengthen the dialogue on possible solutions on how to further tackle energy poverty in the EU. This background paper, prepared at the request of the Czech Presidency, aims to contribute to the debate.
This working paper investigates the practical implementation of the European Works Council (EWC) Directive at company level. It explores the challenges faced by existing EWCs and provides examples of solutions identified and remaining issues from the point of view of both workers and management. In addition, the paper looks at how EWCs meet the requirements of the EWC Directive in terms of establishing processes of information and consultation.
Evropski trg dela je po pandemiji covida-19 močno okreval. Do konca leta 2021, malo več kot 18 mesecev po začetku pandemije, so bile stopnje zaposlenosti v EU skoraj na ravni pred krizo. V tem poročilu so povzeta gibanja na trgu dela v letih 2020 in 2021, pri čemer so uporabljeni četrtletni podatki iz raziskave EU o delovni sili. Povzetki temeljijo na strukturnih vidikih, s poudarkom na podatkih posameznih sektorjev in poklicev ter ključnih demografskih spremenljivkah, kot sta spol in starost.
This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.
The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.
The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.
This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.
Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.
Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.
Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.
Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.
Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.
Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.
The interaction between workers and machines has increased due to the rapid advancement of automation technologies. The new wave of robots can perform tasks with more flexibility, greater sophistication and in a way that protects workers’ physical safety. Drawing on case studies of advanced robotics, this report explores the benefits and risks that come with closer human–machine interaction, the organisational practices needed to deal with emerging issues and the real concerns and challenges.
The report describes trends in social and economic discontent across the EU between 2002 and 2020, highlighting in particular the turbulent times brought about by the COVID-19 pandemic. The report explores the evolution of social cohesion and its impact on economic and social discontent. It assesses the relationship between social cohesion and discontent during the pandemic, allowing for a comparison of the situation as it stands in 2023. The focus of the report is on regions where social cohesion is low, where a contrast is drawn with regions where social cohesion is much higher.
This report analyses the working conditions and job quality of different types of self-employed workers. Drawing on data from the European Working Conditions Survey, it looks into policies in Member States aimed at addressing the challenges and opportunities associated with specific types of self-employment.
This study provides information allowing for an assessment of the representativeness of the actors involved in the European sectoral social dialogue committee for the chemical sector. Their relative representativeness legitimises their right to be consulted, their role and effective participation in the European sectoral social dialogue and their capacity to negotiate agreements. The aim of this Eurofound’s study on representativeness is to identify the relevant national and European social partner organisations in the chemical sector in the EU Member States.
The focus of this report is on the role that human capital plays in determining inequalities across the EU, as well as within Member States. Using Cedefop’s work in this area, the report provides a comparative analysis of national trends in education and lifelong learning, including differences between educational groups in terms of income, living conditions and health.
The report maps trends in income inequality and examines the situation of the middle classes in the EU during 2020, the year most associated with the COVID-19 lockdowns. It charts developments in the size and composition of middle-class households across countries, identifies those that suffered disproportionately in 2020. Taking a longer lens, the report describes the evolution of income inequalities over the last 15 years, comparing the Great Recession (2007–2009) with the COVID-19 pandemic, and outlines the trends both between and within Member States.
This report explores the implications of the right of all EU citizens to live independently. It investigates the barriers faced by people who wish to live independently, and the situation of people at risk of living in institutional settings. It maps the various measures taken by EU Member States to foster independent living and autonomy. The report also includes policy pointers to support future decision-makers and provides a review of lessons learned from the COVID-19 pandemic.