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  • Article
    27 Februar 1997

    In the Works Constitution [1] Act (Betriebsverfassungsgesetz) of 1972, works
    councils [2] in Germany are given extensive rights of information,
    consultation and co-determination [3]. The employer has to provide the works
    council with both timely and comprehensive information on all matters related
    to the discharge of its functions. In establishments with over 20 employees,
    information must be given "in full and in good time" on reductions in
    operations and the introduction of new working methods. Consultation rights
    cover planned structural alterations to the plant and prospective changes in
    equipment and working methods that affect job requirements, all decisions
    relating to manpower planning, and individual dismissals.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/works-constitution-0
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/works-council-2
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/co-determination-2

  • Article
    27 Februar 1997

    Recently-announced plans by banks to levy service charges on the accounts
    into which employees' salaries and wages are paid, have resulted in trade
    union protests and the dropping of the proposals.

  • Article
    27 Februar 1997

    At its plenary session of 13-17 January 1997, the European Parliament debated
    two important measures relating to employee consultation in European
    companies. After the European Works Councils (EWCs) Directive was passed in
    1994, the Commission published a Communication on the future of employee
    consultation in November 1995, in order to revive a legislative issue which
    has been under discussion in various forms for over 15 years. Its aim was to
    explore whether the model used for determining the structure and operation of
    EWCs could be used in a wider context as a basis for making progress with the
    long-delayed European Company Statute.

  • Article
    27 Februar 1997

    As the legislation regulating the postal delivery monopoly will expire by the
    end of 1997, on 18 February Germany's governing coalition parties proposed a
    new law which would limit the exclusive licence of Deutsche Post AG, the
    national postal service, to handling letters weighting under 100g, and this
    only until the end of 2002. According to the Ministry responsible, this
    proposal would reduce Deutsche Post's current monopoly to 87% of the standard
    letter market. The proposed new law would also open completely the bulk mail
    market to licensed competitors from 1 January 1998.

  • Article
    27 Februar 1997

    Unskilled young people aged between 20 and 24 must undertake training or work
    experience programmes in order to maintain their right to receive
    unemployment benefit, according to a recent amendment to the Act on Labour
    Market Support.

  • Article
    27 Februar 1997

    According to the UGT trade union confederation, during the 1996 collective
    bargaining round pay increases were generally settled in line with the Social
    Concertation Agreement for that year.

  • Report
    2 Februar 1993

    The survey presented here was carried out in 1991. It was based on direct interviews with 12,500 workers, both employees and the self-employed, throughout the 12 member states of the European Community. The sample is representative of the distribution of the labour force between sectors, males and females, age groups and by professional status. As social integration moves forward, and as the number of initiatives dealing with the work environment at Community level increase, more comprehensive and homogeneous data on working conditions in the Community is required. The present survey is a step in this direction.

Series

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

Forthcoming publications