Exploring self-employment in the European Union

Report
Posodobljeno
21 September 2017
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21 September 2017
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Executive summary in 22 languages

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Povzetek

In the rapidly changing world of work, the traditional dichotomy of employee and self-employed is insufficient to capture the wide diversity of self-employed workers in Europe today. This report identifies five categories of self-employed, reflecting the wide-ranging attitudes, income levels, and health and well-being among this diverse group. Based on data from the sixth European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) and the European Union Labour Force Survey (EU-LFS), the analysis reveals that the majority of self-employed workers enjoy high levels of job quality. However, there are concerns in relation to so-called ‘economically dependent workers’: while they are classed as self-employed, they lack both the autonomy that self-employment usually offers and the social protection granted by regular employment. Some policy approaches of Member States to this ‘in-between’ employment status are described in detail, which are of relevance for the discussions around the European Pillar of Social Rights. An executive summary is available - see Related content.

Related working paper

Classifying self-employment and creating an empirical typology (wpef17002 - 2/11/2017)

  • Full report

    Number of Pages: 
    74
    Reference No: 
    EF1718
    ISBN: 
    978-92-897-1598-0
    Catalogue: 
    TJ-01-17-770-EN-N
    DOI: 
    10.2806/651917
    Catalogue info

    Exploring self-employment in the European Union

    In the rapidly changing world of work, the traditional dichotomy of employee and self-employed is insufficient to capture the wide diversity of self-employed workers in Europe today. This report identifies five categories of self-employed, reflecting the wide-ranging attitudes, income levels, and health and well-being among this diverse group. Based on data from the sixth European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) and the European Union Labour Force Survey (EU-LFS), the analysis reveals that the majority of self-employed workers enjoy high levels of job quality.

    Available formats

  • Executive summary

    Reference No: 
    EF17181
    Catalogue info

    Študija samozaposlovanja v Evropski uniji

    Authors: 
    Eurofound

    V hitro spreminjajočem se svetu dela tradicionalna delitev na zaposlene in samozaposlene sedaj več ne zadostuje za odražanje velike raznolikosti samozaposlenih delavcev v Evropi. V tem poročilu je opredeljenih pet kategorij samozaposlenih na podlagi kazalnikov, kot so odnos do samozaposlitve, višina dohodka, zdravje in dobro počutje, ki se v tej zelo pisani skupini močno razlikujejo. Analiza, ki temelji na podatkih iz šeste evropske raziskave o delovnih razmerah in raziskave delovne sile Evropske unije (EU-LFS), je pokazala, da ima večina samozaposlenih delavcev visoko raven kakovosti delovnega mesta. Vendar obstajajo pomisleki v zvezi s tako imenovanimi ekonomsko odvisnimi delavci: čeprav so razvrščeni kot samozaposleni, nimajo avtonomije, ki jo samozaposlenost običajno zagotavlja, in socialne zaščite, ki jo zagotavlja redna zaposlitev. V poročilu je podrobno opisan pristop politike 28 držav članic EU k temu „mešanemu“ zaposlitvenemu statusu ter posledice tega za oblikovalce politike, zlasti v zvezi z nedavno predstavitvijo evropskega stebra socialnih pravic.

    Available in 22 languages for download

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Part of the series

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    ​Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the 2015 EWCS. The survey was first carried out in 1991.

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