Anticipating and managing the impact of change

Distribucijski vplivi podnebnih politik v Evropi

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6 Julij 2021
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Executive summary in 22 languages
Prenesi

Ključne ugotovitve

  • Energy or fuel poverty is recognised as a severe problem in many Member States and this is mainly addressed through financial support. Alternative funding models should be explored, such as grants for housing associations and local authorities to deliver energy-efficient upgrades to buildings, community municipal bonds and green equity schemes.
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  • Energy or fuel poverty is recognised as a severe problem in many Member States and this is mainly addressed through financial support. Alternative funding models should be explored, such as grants for housing associations and local authorities to deliver energy-efficient upgrades to buildings, community municipal bonds and green equity schemes.
  • When designing policy measures aimed at achieving the goal of climate-neutral policies, Member States must take a cross-departmental approach to account for the different socioeconomic effects, as workers, population groups, industries and regions are affected differently.
  • The management of a just transition is supported by EU and national funds, which provide opportunities for adopting a comprehensive and systemic approach rather than single-point solutions. Drawing up a plan for the future of industries and workers offers prospects to the regional and national economy.
  • The capacity of social dialogue needs to be strengthened to address distributional effects and facilitate a just transition. Evidence shows that the undesired effects of some climate policies, especially as they affect firms and workers in certain sectors and regions, can be addressed by social partners, and solutions can be achieved through social dialogue and joint initiatives.
  • The Just Transition Platform could be further developed as an EU hub for sharing national experiences on climate measures beyond the Just Transition Mechanism. While also coordinating with other EU-level initiatives with similar goals, the knowledge to be shared could include, for instance, national or regional experiences with carbon taxes, industrial standards, or public investments.
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Povzetek

EU z evropskim zelenim dogovorom uvaja vrsto politik in ukrepov za preprečevanje in ublažitev posledic podnebnih sprememb. Glavni cilj je začeti prehod na podnebno nevtralno gospodarstvo. Te prepotrebne podnebne politike pa imajo lahko neželene distribucijske učinke na posameznike in podjetja. NeRead more

EU z evropskim zelenim dogovorom uvaja vrsto politik in ukrepov za preprečevanje in ublažitev posledic podnebnih sprememb. Glavni cilj je začeti prehod na podnebno nevtralno gospodarstvo. Te prepotrebne podnebne politike pa imajo lahko neželene distribucijske učinke na posameznike in podjetja. Nekateri ukrepi, kot so davki na ogljik, imajo lahko poleg želenih učinkov tudi povezane regresivne učinke, ki negativno vplivajo na ljudi z nižjimi dohodki, zaradi česar so taki ukrepi manj sprejemljivi. Na podlagi najnovejših nacionalnih izkušenj to poročilo opredeljuje tiste podnebne politike, ki imajo pomembne distribucijske učinke, in preučuje, kako se ti učinki obravnavajo v različnih državah članicah. Poleg tega poročilo opredeljuje in opisuje glavna vprašanja in akterje v javni razpravi, ki poteka na temo socialno-ekonomskih učinkov podnebnih politik. 

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Formats and languages

Raziskave, ki so bile izvedene pred izstopom Združenega kraljestva iz Evropske unije 31. januarja 2020 in objavljene pozneje, lahko vključujejo podatke o 28 državah članicah EU. Po tem datumu je v raziskavah upoštevanih le 27 držav članic EU (EU-28 brez Združenega kraljestva), razen če ni določeno drugače.

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