EMCC European Monitoring Centre on Change

Restructuring related legislation

Eurofound’s ERM database on restructuring related legal regulations provides information on about 461 regulations in the Member States of the European Union and Norway which are explicitly or implicitly linked to anticipating and managing change. The database covers statutory rules, only, and does not include collective agreements or company-level initiatives. The regulations are described in terms of their content, thresholds, involved actors and who covers the cost (if applicable). The aim is to provide an easy possibility of a cross-national comparison of the main features of restructuring related legislation.

Eurofound aims to keep this information up to date and accurate. If errors are brought to our attention, we will try to correct them. However, Eurofound accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the information in this database. This information is:

  • of a general nature only and is not intended to address the specific circumstances of any particular individual or entity; not necessarily comprehensive, complete, accurate or up to date;
  • sometimes linked to external sites over which Eurofound services have no control and for which Eurofound assumes no responsibility;
  • not professional or legal advice (if specific advice is needed, a suitably qualified professional should be consulted).

Research carried out prior to the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union on 31 January 2020, and published subsequently, may include data relating to the 28 EU Member States. Following this date, research only takes into account the 27 EU Member States (EU28 minus the UK), unless specified otherwise.

461 items found

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Make your selection by using the filters below. Multiple selection and a combination of filters can be used.

  • CountryEU 27 + UK and Norway
  • Titlethe title is made up of the country name and type, for example: Austria: working time flexibility
  • PhaseEither anticipation or management
    • Anticipationrefers to activities that help to prepare workers or companies for change.
    • Managementcovers activities required to handle a current restructuring event while minimising social costs. It refers to the steps involved in implementing an organisational change process.
  • Typethe range includes, for example, provisions for collective dismissal, information/consultation obligations, notice periods and severance payments, training obligations for employers and employees and regulations concerning working time flexibility
  • Choose bywhether the regulation is obligatory in all circumstances or only for companies over a certain size or cases affecting a certain number of workers
  • Cost covered by
    • no specific additional costs are involved
    • costs covered by national or regional governments
    • cost covered by companies in general or the specific employer undergoing restructuring
    • cost covered by employees
  • Involved actorsincluding regional or local government, works councils, employers’ organisations, trade union or public employment services. The national government, as legislator, is assumed to be involved in all regulations so is not included as a filter option.
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Selected 20 rows in this page.  
Title Country Type Оригинални назив Енглески назив
Italy: Employment protection in relation to business transfers Italy Employment protection in relation to business transfers Codice civile; Codice di Procedura Civile; Legge 29 Dicembre 1990, n. 428, Disposizioni per l'adempimento di obblighi derivanti dall'appartenenza dell'Italia alle Comunità europee; Decreto Legislativo 10 Settembre 2003, n. 276, Attuazione delle deleghe in materia di occupazione e mercato del lavoro, di cui alla legge 14 febbraio 2003, n. 30; Decreto Legislativo 6 Ottobre 2004, n. 251, Disposizioni correttive del decreto legislativo 10 settembre 2003, n. 276, in materia di occupazione e mercato del lavoro Civil Code; Civil Procedure Code; Law 29 December 1990, no.428, Provisions for the fulfillment of obligations deriving from Italy’s membership of the European Communities; Legislative Decree of 10 September 2003, no. 276, Implementation of provisions concerning employment and labour market, mandated by Law of 14 February 2003, no. 30; Legislative Decree no. 251 of 6 October 2004, Provisions amending Legislative Decree of 10 September 2003, no. 2765, concerning employment and the labour market
Poland: Employment protection in relation to business transfers Poland Employment protection in relation to business transfers Ustawa z 26.06.1974 -Kodeks Pracy; Ustawa z dnia 23.05.1991 o związkach zawodowych; Ustawa z dnia 5 lipca 2018 r. o zarządzie sukcesyjnym przedsiębiorstwem osoby fizycznej Act of 26.06.1974 -Labour Code; Act of 23.05.1991 on Trade Unions; Act of 5 July 2018 on the succession management of a natural person enterprise
Romania: Employment protection in relation to business transfers Romania Employment protection in relation to business transfers Legea nr. 67/2006 privind protectia drepturilor salariatilor in cazul transferului intreprinderii, al unitatii sau al unor parti ale acestora, publicata in Monitorul Oficial al Romaniei, nr. 276 din 28 martie 2006 Law no. 67/2006 regarding the transfer of undertakings, businesses, or parts of undertakings or businesses, published in the Official Gazette of Romania, no. 276 of 28 March 2006
Romania: Rescue procedures in insolvency Romania Rescue procedures in insolvency Legea nr. 85/2014 privind procedurile de prevenire a insolvenţei şi de insolvenţă, publicată în Monitorul oficial al României nr. 466 din 25 iunie 2014 Law no. 85/2014 on insolvency and insolvency prevention procedures, published in the Romanian Official Gazette no. 466 of 25 June 2014
Belgium: Employees obligation to undertake training Belgium Employees obligation to undertake training 9 maart 2006 Koninklijk besluit betreffende het activerend beleid bij herstructureringen/Arrêté royal du 9 mars 2006 relatif à la gestion active des restructurations Royal decree of 9 March 2006 regarding the active management of restructuring
Belgium: Rescue procedures in insolvency Belgium Rescue procedures in insolvency Wet houdende invoeging van het Boek XX van economisch recht 'Insolventie van ondernemingen' 11 August 2017/Loi portant insertion du Livre XX dans le Code de droit économique 'Insolvabilité des entreprises', 11 August 2017; Loi relative à la continuité des entreprises; Wet van 27 mei 2013 - Wet tot wijziging van verschillende wetgevingen inzake de continuïteit van de ondernemingen/Loi de 27 Mai 2013 - Loi modifiant diverses législations en matière de continuité des entreprises Book XX of the economic code 'Insolvency of Enterprises' of 11 August 2017; Act of 27 May 2013 to modify different laws with regards to the continuity of companies
Belgium: Employment protection in relation to business transfers Belgium Employment protection in relation to business transfers Collectieve arbeidsovereenkomst nr. 32 bis gesloten op 7 juni 1985 in de Nationale Arbeidsraad, betreffende het behoud van de rechten van de werknemers bij wijziging van werkgever ingevolge de overgang van ondernemingen krachtens overeenkomst en tot regeling van de rechten van de werknemers die overgenomen worden bij overname van activa na faillissement / Convention collective de travail No 32 BIS conclue le 7 juin 1985 au sein du Conseil national du travail, concernant le maintien des droits des travailleurs en cas de changement d'employeur du fait d'un transfert conventionnel d'entreprise et réglant les droits des travailleurs repris en cas de reprise de l'actif après faillit; Collectieve arbeidsovereenkomst nr. 9 houdende ordening van de in de Nationale Arbeidsraad gesloten nationale akkoorden en collectieve arbeidsovereenkomsten betreffende de ondernemingsraden / Convention collective de travail n° 9 du 9 mars 1972 coordonnant les accords nationaux et les conventions collectives de travail relatifs aux conseils d'entreprise conclus au sein du Conseil national du Travail; Collectieve arbeidsovereenkomst nr. 6 van 30 juni 1971 Betreffende de faciliteiten welke moeten verleend worden aan leden die de werknemers in de comités voor veiligheid, gezondheid en verfraaiing der werkplaatsen vertegenwoordigen / Convention collective de travail n° 6 du 30 juin 1971 concernant les facilités à consentir aux membres représentant les travailleurs aux comités de sécurité, d'hygiène et d'embellissement des lieux de travail ; Wet van 4 augustus 1996 betreffende het welzijn van de werknemers bij de uitvoering van hun werk / Loi du 4 Aout 1996 relative au bien-être des travailleurs lors de l'exécution de leur travail ; Wet van 5 december 1968 betreffende de collectieve arbeidsovereenkomsten en de paritaire comités / Loi du 5 decembre 1968 sur les conventions collectives de travail et les commissions paritaires; "Collective labour agreement nr. 32 bis agreed upon 7th of June 1985 in the National Labour Council, concerning the retention of employee rights in case of a change of employer due to a transfer of enterprises by force of agreement, and the establisment of employee rights for those retained in case of a take-over of assets after closure"; Collective labour agreement nr. 9 with relation to the ordering of the national agreements and collective labour argreements made by the National Labour Councils concerning the Workcouncils; Collective labour agreement nr. 6 of 30th of June 1971 concerning the facilities which have to be provided to members wih represent employees in the comités for saftey, health and beautification of places of work.; Law of 4th of August 1996 concerning the well-being of employees during the exectuion of their work; Law of 5th December 1968 concerning the collective labour agreements and the joint commitees.
Spain: Rescue procedures in insolvency Spain Rescue procedures in insolvency Ley Concursal (Ley 22/2003, de 9 de julio 2003); Ley de medidas urgentes en materia concursal (Ley 9/2015, de 25 de mayo de 2015) Insolvency Law (Law 22/2003 of 9 July 2003); Law on urgent measures on insolvency proceeding (Law 9/2015 of 25 May 2015)
Spain: Employment protection in relation to business transfers Spain Employment protection in relation to business transfers Estatuto de los Trabajadores / Law 12/2001 de medidas urgentes de reforma del mercado de trabajo para el incremento del empleo y la mejora de su calidad The Spanish 'Workers Statute' / Law 12/2001 on urgent measures to reform the labour market for increasing employment levels and the improvement of the quality of work
Poland: Rescue procedures in insolvency Poland Rescue procedures in insolvency Ustawa z dnia 15.05.2015 r. - Prawo restrukturyzacyjne; Ustawa z dnia 28.02.2003 r. - Prawo upadłościowe (do 31.12.2015 r. pod nazwą -Prawo upadłościowe i naprawcze) Act of 15.05.2015 -Restructuring Law; Act of 28.02.2003 - Bankruptcy Law (until 31.12.2003 under the name - Bankruptcy and Reorganisation Law)
United Kingdom: Employment protection in relation to business transfers United Kingdom Employment protection in relation to business transfers Transfer of Undertakings (Protection of Employement) Regulations 2006 (TUPE); Collective Redundancies and Transfer of Undertakings (Protection of Employment) (Amendment) Regulations 2014 Transfer of Undertakings (Protection of Employement) Regulations 2006 (TUPE); Collective Redundancies and Transfer of Undertakings (Protection of Employment) (Amendment) Regulations 2014
Germany: Employment protection in relation to business transfers Germany Employment protection in relation to business transfers Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch Civil Code
Greece: Employment protection in relation to business transfers Greece Employment protection in relation to business transfers Εγκύκλιος: 58455/ 2017: Μέτρα σχετικά με την προστασία των δικαιωμάτων των εργαζομένων σε περίπτωση μεταβίβασης επιχειρήσεων, εγκαταστάσεων ή τμημάτων εγκαταστάσεων η επιχειρήσεων, Σώμα Επιθεώρησης Εργασίας, 15 Μαρτίου 2017; Προεδρικό Διάταγμα 178/2002 Μέτρα σχετικά με την προστασία των δικαιωμάτων των εργαζομένων σε περίπτωση μεταβίβασης επιχειρήσεων, εγκαταστάσεων ή τμημάτων εγκαταστάσεων ή επιχειρήσεων, σε συμμόρφωση προς την Οδηγία 98/50/ΕΚ του Συμβουλίου Circular: 58455/2017: Measures concerning the protection of employees’ rights in the event of transfers of undertakings, establishments or parts of establishments or undertakings, labour inspectorate, 15 March 2017; Presidential Decree 178/2002 Measures relating to the protection of workers' rights in the event of transfers of undertakings, establishments or parts of businesses or businesses, in conformity with Council Directive 98/50/EC
Italy: Rescue procedures in insolvency Italy Rescue procedures in insolvency Regio Decreto 16 marzo 1942, n. 267, Disciplina del fallimento, del concordato preventivo, dell'amministrazione controllata e della liquidazione coatta amministrativa; Decreto legislativo 9 gennaio 2006, n. 5 Riforma organica della disciplina delle procedure concorsuali; Decreto legge 27 giugno 2015, n. 83, coordinato con la legge di conversione 6 agosto 2015, n. 132, 'Misure urgenti in materia fallimentare, civile e processuale civile e di organizzazione e funzionamento dell’amministrazione giudiziaria'; Decreto legislativo del 12 gennaio 2019, n. 14, Codice della crisi d'impresa e dell'insolvenza in attuazione della legge 19 ottobre 2017, n. 155. Decreto legislativo 12 Gennaio 2019, n. 14 Royal Decree of 16 March 1942, no. 267, Discipline of bankruptcy and of insolvency proceedings (Bankruptcy law); Legislative decree of 9 January 2006, no. 5, Comprehensive reform of insolvency proceedings; Decree Law of 27 June 2015, no. 83, as converted into Law 6 August 2015 no. 132, Urgent measures concerning bankruptcy, the civil code, the civil procedure code and the organisation and functioning of judicial administration. Reform of the rules on corporate crisis and insolvency procedures; Law 19/10/2017 n. 155; Legislative decree 12 January 2019, n. 14, Code of business crisis and insolvency in implementation of the law of 19 October 2017, n. 155. Legislative decree 12 January 2019, n. 14
United Kingdom: Rescue procedures in insolvency United Kingdom Rescue procedures in insolvency Insolvency Act 1986 Insolvency Act 1986
Hungary: Rescue procedures in insolvency Hungary Rescue procedures in insolvency 1991. évi XLIX. törvény a Csődeljárásról és a Felszámolási eljárásról Act XLIX of 1991 on bankruptcy and liquidation proceedings
Greece: Rescue procedures in insolvency Greece Rescue procedures in insolvency ΠΟΛ.1027/2018 Τροποποίηση του Πτωχευτικού Κώδικα (ν. 3588/2007 - Α' 153) με τους ν. 4446/2016 (Α'240), ν. 4472/2017 (Α' 74), ν. 4491/2017 (Α' 152) και ν. 4512/2018 (Α'5): Επισήμανση βασικών μεταβολών στη διαδικασία της πτώχευσης και παροχή οδηγιών; Νόμος 3588/2007 Πτωχευτικός Κώδικας; Νόμος 4013/2011 Σύσταση ενιαίας Ανεξάρτητης Αρχής Δημοσίων Συμβάσεων και Κεντρικού Ηλεκτρονικού Μητρώου Δημοσίων Συμβάσεων - Αντικατάσταση του έκτου κεφαλαίου του ν. 3588/2007 (πτωχευτικός κώδικας) - Προπτωχευτική διαδικασία εξυγίανσης και άλλες διατάξεις Circular 1027/2018: Amendment of the bankruptcy code (Law 3588/2007 - OJHR A-153) by Law 4446/2016 (OJHR A-240), Law 4472/2017 (OJHR A-74), Law 4491/2017 (OJHR A-152), and Law 4512/2018 (OJHR A-5): Indication of critical changes in bankruptcy proceedings and provision of instructions; Law 3588/2007 Bankruptcy cde; Law 4013/2011 Establishment of a single idependent public procurement authority and central electronic public procurement registry - Substitution of the sixth chapter of Law 3588/2007 (bankruptcy code) - Procuring process of consolidation and other provisions
Germany: Rescue procedures in insolvency Germany Rescue procedures in insolvency Insolvenzordnung (InsO); Gesetz zur weiteren Erleichterung der Sanierung von Unternehmen (ESUG); Gesetz zur weiteren Erleichterung von Konzerninsolvenzen Insolvency statute; Act to further facilitate the restructuring of companies; Act to facilitate the insolvency procedure of large companies (holdings)
Belgium: Employers obligation to support redundant employees Belgium Employers obligation to support redundant employees 9 maart 2006 Koninklijk besluit betreffende het activerend beleid bij herstructureringen/9 mars 2006 Arrêté royal relatif à la gestion active des restructurations Royal decree of 9 March 2006 regarding active management of restructuring
Hungary: Employment protection in relation to business transfers Hungary Employment protection in relation to business transfers 2012. évi I. törvény a Munka Törvénykönyvéről; 2006. évi IV. törvény a gazdasági társaságokról; 2013. évi V. törvény a Polgári Törvénykönyvről; 2013. évi CLXXVI. törvény az egyes jogi személyek átalakulásáról, egyesüléséről, szétválásáról Act I of 2012 on the Labour Code; Act IV of 2006 on Companies (Companies Act); Act V of 2013 on the Civil Code; Act CLXXVI of 2013 on the Transformation, Merger and Demerger of Legal Entities (Transformation Act)

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