EMCC European Monitoring Centre on Change

Restructuring related legislation

Eurofound’s ERM database on restructuring related legal regulations provides information on regulations in the Member States of the European Union and Norway which are explicitly or implicitly linked to anticipating and managing change. The database covers statutory rules, only, and does not include collective agreements or company-level initiatives. The regulations are described in terms of their content, thresholds, involved actors and who covers the cost (if applicable). The aim is to provide an easy possibility of a cross-national comparison of the main features of restructuring related legislation.

Eurofound aims to keep this information up to date and accurate. If errors are brought to our attention, we will try to correct them. However, Eurofound accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the information in this database. This information is:

  • of a general nature only and is not intended to address the specific circumstances of any particular individual or entity; not necessarily comprehensive, complete, accurate or up to date;
  • sometimes linked to external sites over which Eurofound services have no control and for which Eurofound assumes no responsibility;
  • not professional or legal advice (if specific advice is needed, a suitably qualified professional should be consulted).

Research carried out prior to the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union on 31 January 2020, and published subsequently, may include data relating to the 28 EU Member States. Following this date, research only takes into account the 27 EU Member States (EU28 minus the UK), unless specified otherwise.

486 items found

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Make your selection by using the filters below. Multiple selection and a combination of filters can be used.

  • CountryEU 27 + UK and Norway
  • Titlethe title is made up of the country name and type, for example: Austria: working time flexibility
  • PhaseEither anticipation or management
    • Anticipationrefers to activities that help to prepare workers or companies for change.
    • Managementcovers activities required to handle a current restructuring event while minimising social costs. It refers to the steps involved in implementing an organisational change process.
  • Typethe range includes, for example, provisions for collective dismissal, information/consultation obligations, notice periods and severance payments, training obligations for employers and employees and regulations concerning working time flexibility
  • Choose bywhether the regulation is obligatory in all circumstances or only for companies over a certain size or cases affecting a certain number of workers
  • Cost covered by
    • no specific additional costs are involved
    • costs covered by national or regional governments
    • cost covered by companies in general or the specific employer undergoing restructuring
    • cost covered by employees
  • Involved actorsincluding regional or local government, works councils, employers’ organisations, trade union or public employment services. The national government, as legislator, is assumed to be involved in all regulations so is not included as a filter option.
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Title Country Typesort descending Оригинални назив Енглески назив
France: Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals France Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Code du travail Labour Code
Malta: Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Malta Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Leġislazzjoni Sussidjarja 452.80 - Regolamenti dwar Sensji Kollettivi (Harsien ta’ l-Impjiegi) (Avviż Legali 428 of 2002, kif emendat bl-Avviżi Legali 427 u 442 tal-2004 u 281 tal-2017); L-Att Dwar l-Impjieg u Relazzjonijiet Industrijali, 2002 - Artikli 36 u 81 Subsidiary Legislation 452.80 - Collective Redundancies (Protection of Employment) Regulations (Legal Notice 428 of 2002, as amended by Legal Notices 427 and 442 of 2004, and L.N. 281 of 2017); Employment and Industrial Relations Act, 2002 - Articles 36 and 81
Estonia: Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Estonia Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Töölepingu seadus Employment Contracts Act
Poland: Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Poland Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Ustawa z dnia 20.04.2004 o promocji zatrudnienia i instytucjach rynku pracy tekst jednolity: Dz.U. z 2008 r. Nr 69, poz 415) wdrożone 25.04.2008; Ustawa z dnia 13.03.2003 o szczególnych zasadach rozwiązywania z pracownikami stosunków pracy z przyczyn niedotyczących pracowników) ustawa o zwolnieniach grupowych Act of 20.04.2004 on promoting employment and labour market institutions (consolidated text: Journal of Laws of 2008, no. 69, item 415) implemented 25.04.2008; Act of 13.03.2003 on special rules of termination of employment contracts for reasons not related to employees - 'Collective Dismissals Act'
Greece: Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Greece Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Νόμος 4472/2017 (ΦΕΚ Α’ 74/19.05.2017) Συνταξιοδοτικές διατάξεις Δημοσίου και τροποποίηση διατάξεων του ν. 4387/2016, μέτρα εφαρμογής των δημοσιονομικών στόχων και μεταρρυθμίσεων, μέτρα κοινωνικής στήριξης και εργασιακές ρυθμίσεις, Μεσοπρόθεσμο Πλαίσιο Δημοσιονομικής Στρατηγικής 2018-2021 και λοιπές διατάξεις; Νόμος 1387/1983 Έλεγχος Ομαδικών Απολύσεων και άλλες διατάξεις; Ν. 4472/2017 Συνταξιοδοτικές διατάξεις Δημοσίου και τροποποίηση διατάξεων του Ν.4387/2016, μέτρα εφαρμογής των δημοσιονομικών στόχων και μεταρρυθμίσεων, μέτρα κοινωνικής στήριξης και εργασιακές ρυθμίσεις, Μεσοπρόθεσμο Πλαίσιο Δημοσιονομικής Στρατηγικής 2018-2021 και λοιπές διατάξεις Law 4472/2017 (Act Α’ 74/19.05.2017), Implementation measures for fiscal goals and reforms, medium-term financial strategy framework 2018-2021 and other provisions, 19 May 2017; Law 1387/1983 on collective dismissals
Germany: Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Germany Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Kündigungsschutzgesetz Employment Protection Act
Slovakia: Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Slovakia Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Zákonník práce; Zákon o službách zamestnanosti Labour Code; Act on employment services
Romania: Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Romania Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Codul muncii, Legea nr. 53/2003, republicată în Monitorul Oficial nr. 345 din 18 mai 2011; Legea nr. 76/2002 privind sistemul asigurărilor pentru şomaj şi stimularea ocupării forţei de muncă, cu modificările şi completările ulterioare Labour Code, Law no. 53/2003, republished in the Official Gazette of Romania No. 345 of 18 May 2011; Law no. 76/2002 regarding unemployment insurance system and employment stimulation, as subsequently amended and supplemented
Netherlands: Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Netherlands Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Burgerlijk Wetboek (toestemming UWV); Ontslagregeling UWV; Wet arbeidsmarkt in balans (WAB) van 1 januari 2020 Civil code (dismissal permit); Royal decree on dismissal; Balanced labour market act of 1 January 2020
Bulgaria: Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Bulgaria Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Закон за насърчаване на заетостта Law on encouragement of employment
Austria: Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Austria Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Arbeitsmarktförderungsgesetz (AMFG) Labour Market Promotion Act (AMFG)
Spain: Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Spain Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Estatuto de los Trabajadores (ET); Ley 3/2012, de 6 de julio, de medidas urgentes para la reforma del mercado laboral; Real-Decreto ley 11/2013, de 2 de Agosto, para la protección de los trabajadores a tiempo parcial y otras medidas urgentes en el orden económico y social Statute of Workers’ Rights; Law 3/2012 of 6 July on urgent measures to reform the labour market; Royal Decree law 11/2013 of 2 August for the protection of part-time workers and other measures in the economic and social field
Latvia: Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Latvia Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Darba likums Labour law
Cyprus: Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Cyprus Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Ν. 28(I)/2001 - Ο περί Ομαδικών Απολύσεων Νόμος του 2001; Ν. 24/1967 - Ο περί Τερματισμού Απασχολήσεως Νόμος του 1967, όπως τροποποιήθηκε Collective Dismissals Law of 2001 (Law 28(I)/2001); Termination of Employment Law, 1967 (Law 24/1967) as amended
Lithuania: Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Lithuania Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Darbo kodeksas Nr. XII-2603, Pranešimo teritorinei darbo biržai apie numatomą grupės darbuotojų atleidimą tvarkos aprašas, patvirtintas ministro įsakymu Nr. A1-383 Labour code No XII-2603, Specification of the procedure for giving notice of intended group redundancies to the local employment office approved by order of the Minister No A1-383
Denmark: Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Denmark Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Bekendtgørelse af lov om varsling m.v. i forbindelse med afskedigelser af større omfang (LBK nr 291 af 22/03/2010) The Danish Act on Collective Redundancies (Consolidation Act no. 291 of 22 March 2010)
Hungary: Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Hungary Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals 2012. évi I. törvény a Munka Törvénykönyvéről Act I of 2012 on the Labour Code
Ireland: Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Ireland Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Protection of employment act, 1977 (as amended by S.I. No. 370/1996 Protection of employment order 1996); The companies (rescue process for small and micro companies) bill 2021 Protection of employment act, 1977 (as amended by S.I. No. 370/1996 Protection of employment order 1996); The companies (rescue process for small and micro companies) bill 2021
Italy: Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Italy Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Legge 23 luglio 1991, n. 223, Norme in materia di cassa integrazione, mobilità, trattamenti di disoccupazione, attuazione di direttive della Comunità europea, avviamento al lavoro ed altre disposizioni in materia di mercato del lavoro Law 23 July 1991, no. 223, Rules on the Wage Guarantee Fund, redundancies, unemployment benefits, enforcement of European directives, job placement, and other labour market provisions
Czechia: Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Czechia Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Zákoník práce, zákon č.262/2006 Sb. Labour Code (Law No. 262/2006 Coll.)

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