EMCC European Monitoring Centre on Change

Restructuring related legislation

Eurofound’s ERM database on restructuring related legal regulations provides information on regulations in the Member States of the European Union and Norway which are explicitly or implicitly linked to anticipating and managing change. The database covers statutory rules, only, and does not include collective agreements or company-level initiatives. The regulations are described in terms of their content, thresholds, involved actors and who covers the cost (if applicable). The aim is to provide an easy possibility of a cross-national comparison of the main features of restructuring related legislation.

Eurofound aims to keep this information up to date and accurate. If errors are brought to our attention, we will try to correct them. However, Eurofound accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the information in this database. This information is:

  • of a general nature only and is not intended to address the specific circumstances of any particular individual or entity; not necessarily comprehensive, complete, accurate or up to date;
  • sometimes linked to external sites over which Eurofound services have no control and for which Eurofound assumes no responsibility;
  • not professional or legal advice (if specific advice is needed, a suitably qualified professional should be consulted).

Research carried out prior to the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union on 31 January 2020, and published subsequently, may include data relating to the 28 EU Member States. Following this date, research only takes into account the 27 EU Member States (EU28 minus the UK), unless specified otherwise.

498 items found


Make your selection by using the filters below. Multiple selection and a combination of filters can be used.

  • CountryEU 27 + UK and Norway
  • Titlethe title is made up of the country name and type, for example: Austria: working time flexibility
  • PhaseEither anticipation or management
    • Anticipationrefers to activities that help to prepare workers or companies for change.
    • Managementcovers activities required to handle a current restructuring event while minimising social costs. It refers to the steps involved in implementing an organisational change process.
  • Typethe range includes, for example, provisions for collective dismissal, information/consultation obligations, notice periods and severance payments, training obligations for employers and employees and regulations concerning working time flexibility
  • Choose bywhether the regulation is obligatory in all circumstances or only for companies over a certain size or cases affecting a certain number of workers
  • Cost covered by
    • no specific additional costs are involved
    • costs covered by national or regional governments
    • cost covered by companies in general or the specific employer undergoing restructuring
    • cost covered by employees
  • Involved actorsincluding regional or local government, works councils, employers’ organisations, trade union or public employment services. The national government, as legislator, is assumed to be involved in all regulations so is not included as a filter option.
Selected 20 rows in this page.  
Title Country Typesort descending Оригинални назив Енглески назив
Ireland: Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Ireland Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Employees (Provision of Information and Consultation) Act 2006 Employees (Provision of Information and Consultation) Act 2006
Slovenia: Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Slovenia Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Zakon o sodelovanju delavcev pri upravljanju (ZSDU); Zakon o delovnih razmerjih (ZDR-1); Zakon o poslovni skrivnosti (ZPosS) Workers Participation in Management Act (ZSDU); Employment Relationship Act (ZDR-1); Trade Secrets Act (ZPosS)
Cyprus: Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Cyprus Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Ν. 78(Ι)/2005 – Ο περί της Θέσπισης Γενικού Πλαισίου Ενημέρωσης και Διαβούλευσης των Εργοδοτουμένων νόμος του 2005; Ν. 68(Ι)/2002 – Ο περί σύστασης Ευρωπαϊκών Επιτροπών Επιχειρήσεων Νόμος του 2002-2011; Ν. 28(I)/2001 - Ο περί Ομαδικών Απολύσεων Νόμος του 2001 Law 78(I)/2005 on Establishing a General Framework of Information and Consultation of Employees; Law 106(I)/2011 on the Establishment of European Workers' Councils of 2011-2018; Law 28(I)/2001 on Collective Dismissals of 2001-2018.
Sweden: Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Sweden Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Lag (1976:580) om medbestämmande i arbetslivet Co-Determination Act (SFS 1976:580)
Italy: Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Italy Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Legge 29 dicembre 1990, n. 428, Disposizioni per l'adempimento di obblighi derivanti dall'appartenenza dell'Italia alle Comunità europee; Legge 23 luglio 1991, n. 223, Norme in materia di cassa integrazione, mobilità, trattamenti di disoccupazione, attuazione di direttive della Comunità europea, avviamento al lavoro ed altre disposizioni in materia di mercato del lavoro; Decreto Legislativo 6 febbraio 2007, n. 25, Attuazione della direttiva 2002/14/CE che istituisce un quadro generale relativo all’informazione e alla consultazione dei lavoratori Law 29 December 1990, n. 428, Provisions for the fulfillment of obligations deriving from Italy's membership of the European Communities; Law 23 July 1991, no. 223, Rules on the Wage Guarantee Fund, redundancies, unemployment benefits, enforcement of European directives, job placement, and other labour market provisions; Legislative Decree 6 February 2007, no. 25, Implementation of European Directive 2002/14/EC which sets up a general framework for workers’ information and consultation
Slovakia: Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Slovakia Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Zákonník práce Labour Code
Norway: Definition of collective dismissal Norway Definition of collective dismissal Arbeidsmiljøloven; Arbeidsmarkedsloven Working Environment Act; Labour Market Act
Estonia: Definition of collective dismissal Estonia Definition of collective dismissal Töölepingu seadus Employment Contracts Act
Poland: Definition of collective dismissal Poland Definition of collective dismissal Ustawa z dnia 13.03.2003 r. o szczególnych zasadach rozwiązywania z pracownikami stosunków pracy z przyczyn niedotyczących pracowników Act of 13.03.2003 on special principles of termination of employment contracts with employees for reasons not related to employees - 'Collective Dismissals Act'
Denmark: Definition of collective dismissal Denmark Definition of collective dismissal Bekendtgørelse af lov om varsling m.v. i forbindelse med varsling af større afskedigelser (LBK nr 291 af 22/03/2010) The Danish Act on Collective Redundancies (Consolidation Act no. 291 of 22 March 2010)
Portugal: Definition of collective dismissal Portugal Definition of collective dismissal Código do Trabalho Labour Code
Czechia: Definition of collective dismissal Czechia Definition of collective dismissal Zákoník práce, zákon č. 262/2006 Sb. Labour Code (Law No. 262/2006 Coll.)
Romania: Definition of collective dismissal Romania Definition of collective dismissal Codul muncii, Legea nr. 53/2003, republicată în Monitorul Oficial nr. 345 din 18 mai 2011 Labour Code, Law no. 53/2003, republished in the Official Gazette of Romania no. 345 dated 18 May 2011
Austria: Definition of collective dismissal Austria Definition of collective dismissal Arbeitsmarktförderungsgesetz (AMFG) Labour Market Promotion Act (AMFG)
France: Definition of collective dismissal France Definition of collective dismissal Code du travail Labour code
Slovakia: Definition of collective dismissal Slovakia Definition of collective dismissal Zákonník práce Labour code
Belgium: Definition of collective dismissal Belgium Definition of collective dismissal Loi du 13 février 1998 portant des dispositions en faveur de l'emploi dite loi Renault (M B. du 19/2/1998)/Wet of 13 februari 1998 houdende bepalingen tot bevordering van de tewerkstelling Law of 13 February 1998 regarding measures in favour of employment (so-called 'Renault Law')
Sweden: Definition of collective dismissal Sweden Definition of collective dismissal Lag (1982:80) om Anställningsskydd Employment protection act (1982:80)
Slovenia: Definition of collective dismissal Slovenia Definition of collective dismissal Zakon o delovnih razmerjih (ZDR-1) Employment Relationship Act (ZDR-1)
Croatia: Definition of collective dismissal Croatia Definition of collective dismissal Zakon o radu 93/2014, 127/17, 98/19 Labour Act 93/2014, 127/17, 98/19