EMCC European Monitoring Centre on Change

Restructuring related legislation

Eurofound’s ERM database on restructuring related legal regulations provides information on regulations in the Member States of the European Union and Norway which are explicitly or implicitly linked to anticipating and managing change. The database covers statutory rules, only, and does not include collective agreements or company-level initiatives. The regulations are described in terms of their content, thresholds, involved actors and who covers the cost (if applicable). The aim is to provide an easy possibility of a cross-national comparison of the main features of restructuring related legislation.

Eurofound aims to keep this information up to date and accurate. If errors are brought to our attention, we will try to correct them. However, Eurofound accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the information in this database. This information is:

  • of a general nature only and is not intended to address the specific circumstances of any particular individual or entity; not necessarily comprehensive, complete, accurate or up to date;
  • sometimes linked to external sites over which Eurofound services have no control and for which Eurofound assumes no responsibility;
  • not professional or legal advice (if specific advice is needed, a suitably qualified professional should be consulted).

Research carried out prior to the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union on 31 January 2020, and published subsequently, may include data relating to the 28 EU Member States. Following this date, research only takes into account the 27 EU Member States (EU28 minus the UK), unless specified otherwise.

486 items found


Make your selection by using the filters below. Multiple selection and a combination of filters can be used.

  • CountryEU 27 + UK and Norway
  • Titlethe title is made up of the country name and type, for example: Austria: working time flexibility
  • PhaseEither anticipation or management
    • Anticipationrefers to activities that help to prepare workers or companies for change.
    • Managementcovers activities required to handle a current restructuring event while minimising social costs. It refers to the steps involved in implementing an organisational change process.
  • Typethe range includes, for example, provisions for collective dismissal, information/consultation obligations, notice periods and severance payments, training obligations for employers and employees and regulations concerning working time flexibility
  • Choose bywhether the regulation is obligatory in all circumstances or only for companies over a certain size or cases affecting a certain number of workers
  • Cost covered by
    • no specific additional costs are involved
    • costs covered by national or regional governments
    • cost covered by companies in general or the specific employer undergoing restructuring
    • cost covered by employees
  • Involved actorsincluding regional or local government, works councils, employers’ organisations, trade union or public employment services. The national government, as legislator, is assumed to be involved in all regulations so is not included as a filter option.
Selected 20 rows in this page.  
Title Country Typesort ascending Оригинални назив Енглески назив
Lithuania: Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Lithuania Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Darbo kodeksas Nr. XII-2603 Labour code No XII-2603
Norway: Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Norway Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Arbeidsmiljøloven Working Environment Act
Greece: Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Greece Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals N. 1387/1983: Έλεγχος Ομαδικών Απολύσεων και άλλες διατάξεις; N. 3863/2010: Νέο Ασφαλιστικό Σύστημα και συναφείς διατάξεις. Ρυθμίσεις στις Eργασιακές Σχέσεις Law 1387/83 on collective dismissals; Law 3863/2010 on the New Social Security System and relevant provisions. Regulations on Labour Relations
Finland: Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Finland Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Työsopimuslaki (55/2001) The Employment Contracts Act (55/2001)
Spain: Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Spain Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Estatuto de los Trabajadores (ET) Statute of Workers’ Rights
Latvia: Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Latvia Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Darba likums Labour law
Netherlands: Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Netherlands Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Ontslagregeling van 1 juli 2016; Burgerlijk Wetboek Royal decree on dismissal, 1 July 2016; Civil code
Croatia: Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Croatia Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Zakon o radu 93/2014, 127/17 Labour Act 93/2014, 127/17
Bulgaria: Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Bulgaria Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Кодекс на труда, Закон за здравословни и безопасни условия на труд Labour Code; Law for Health and Safety Working Conditions
Sweden: Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Sweden Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Lag (1982:80) om Anställningsskydd Employment protection act (1982:80)
Slovenia: Reemployment obligation after restructuring Slovenia Reemployment obligation after restructuring Zakon o javnih uslužbencih (ZJU) Civil Servants Act (ZJU)
Germany: Reemployment obligation after restructuring Germany Reemployment obligation after restructuring Wiedereinstellung Reemployment
Romania: Reemployment obligation after restructuring Romania Reemployment obligation after restructuring Codul muncii, Legea nr. 53/2003, republicată în Monitorul Oficial nr. 345 din18 mai 2011 Labour Code, Law no. 53/2003, republished in the Official Gazette of Romania no. 345 of 18 May 2011
Poland: Reemployment obligation after restructuring Poland Reemployment obligation after restructuring Ustawa z dnia 13.03.2003 r. o szczególnych zasadach rozwiązywania z pracownikami stosunków pracy z przyczyn niedotyczących pracowników; Ustawa z dnia 23.04.1964 r. - Kodeks cywilny; Ustawa z dnia 26.06.1974 r. - Kodeks pracy Act of 13.03.2003 on special principles of termination of employment contracts with employees for reasons not related to employees - 'Collective Dismissals Act'; Act of 23.04.1964 -Civil Code; Act of 26.06.1974 -Labour Code
Cyprus: Reemployment obligation after restructuring Cyprus Reemployment obligation after restructuring Ν. 28(I)/2001 - Ο περί Ομαδικών Απολύσεων Νόμος του 2001; Ν. 24/1967 - Ο περί Τερματισμού Απασχολήσεως Νόμος του 1967 Collective Dismissals Law of 2001 (Law 28 (I)/2001); Termination of Employment Law of 1967 (Law 24/1967)
Norway: Reemployment obligation after restructuring Norway Reemployment obligation after restructuring Arbeidsmiljøloven Working Environment Act
Sweden: Reemployment obligation after restructuring Sweden Reemployment obligation after restructuring Lag (1982:80) om Anställningsskydd Employment protection act (1982:80)
Italy: Reemployment obligation after restructuring Italy Reemployment obligation after restructuring Legge 29 aprile 1949, n. 264, Provvedimenti in materia di avviamento al lavoro e di assistenza dei lavoratori involontariamente disoccupati Law 29 April 1949, no. 264, Provisions concerning access to work and support to involuntarily unemployed people
Finland: Reemployment obligation after restructuring Finland Reemployment obligation after restructuring Työsopimuslaki (55/2001) The Employment Contracts Act (55/2001)
Netherlands: Reemployment obligation after restructuring Netherlands Reemployment obligation after restructuring Burgerlijk Wetboek, Ontslagregeling UWV van 1 januari 2020 Civil code, Royal decree on dismissals of 1 January 2020