EMCC European Monitoring Centre on Change

Restructuring related legislation

Eurofound’s ERM database on restructuring related legal regulations provides information on regulations in the Member States of the European Union and Norway which are explicitly or implicitly linked to anticipating and managing change. The database covers statutory rules, only, and does not include collective agreements or company-level initiatives. The regulations are described in terms of their content, thresholds, involved actors and who covers the cost (if applicable). The aim is to provide an easy possibility of a cross-national comparison of the main features of restructuring related legislation.

Eurofound aims to keep this information up to date and accurate. If errors are brought to our attention, we will try to correct them. However, Eurofound accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the information in this database. This information is:

  • of a general nature only and is not intended to address the specific circumstances of any particular individual or entity; not necessarily comprehensive, complete, accurate or up to date;
  • sometimes linked to external sites over which Eurofound services have no control and for which Eurofound assumes no responsibility;
  • not professional or legal advice (if specific advice is needed, a suitably qualified professional should be consulted).

Research carried out prior to the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union on 31 January 2020, and published subsequently, may include data relating to the 28 EU Member States. Following this date, research only takes into account the 27 EU Member States (EU28 minus the UK), unless specified otherwise.

486 items found

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  • CountryEU 27 + UK and Norway
  • Titlethe title is made up of the country name and type, for example: Austria: working time flexibility
  • PhaseEither anticipation or management
    • Anticipationrefers to activities that help to prepare workers or companies for change.
    • Managementcovers activities required to handle a current restructuring event while minimising social costs. It refers to the steps involved in implementing an organisational change process.
  • Typethe range includes, for example, provisions for collective dismissal, information/consultation obligations, notice periods and severance payments, training obligations for employers and employees and regulations concerning working time flexibility
  • Choose bywhether the regulation is obligatory in all circumstances or only for companies over a certain size or cases affecting a certain number of workers
  • Cost covered by
    • no specific additional costs are involved
    • costs covered by national or regional governments
    • cost covered by companies in general or the specific employer undergoing restructuring
    • cost covered by employees
  • Involved actorsincluding regional or local government, works councils, employers’ organisations, trade union or public employment services. The national government, as legislator, is assumed to be involved in all regulations so is not included as a filter option.
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Title Country Type Оригинални назив Енглески називsort descending
Croatia: Rescue procedures in insolvency Croatia Rescue procedures in insolvency Stecajni zakon 71/15, 104/17; Zakon o financijskom poslovanju i predstecajnoj nagodbi 108/12, 144/12, 81/13, 112/13, 71/15, 78/15; Zakon o parnicnom postupku 53/91, 89/14; Zakon o opcem upravnom postupku 47/09; Ovrsni zakon 112/12, 73/17; Zakon o osiguranju potrazivanja radnika u slucaju stecaja poslodavca 86/08, 82/15; Zakon o trgovackim drustvima 111/93, 40/19; Zakon o obveznim odnosima 35/05, 29/18; Zakon o postupku izvanredne uprave u trgovačkim društvima od sistemskog značaja za Republiku Hrvatsku 32/17 Bankruptcy Act 71/15, 104/17; Act on Financial Operations and Pre-Bankruptcy Settlement 108/12, 144/12, 81/13, 112/13, 71/15, 78/15; Civil Procedure Act 53/91, 89/14; General Administrative Procedure Act 47/09; Enforcement Act 112/12, 73/17; Act on Ensuring Employees’ Claims in Case of Bankruptcy of the Employer 86/08, 82/15; Companies Act 111/93, 40/19; Civil Obligations Act 35/05, 29/18; Law on the Executive Administration Procedure in Companies of Systemic Importance for the Republic of Croatia 32/17
Netherlands: Rescue procedures in insolvency Netherlands Rescue procedures in insolvency Faillissementswet; Wet Continuiteit Ondernemingen I; Wet modernisering faillissementsprocedure Bankruptcy act; Continuity of enterprises act I; Bankruptcy procedure modernisation act
Norway: Rescue procedures in insolvency Norway Rescue procedures in insolvency Konkursloven; Dekningsloven Bankruptcy act; Debt recovery act
Belgium: Rescue procedures in insolvency Belgium Rescue procedures in insolvency Wet houdende invoeging van het Boek XX van economisch recht 'Insolventie van ondernemingen' 11 August 2017/Loi portant insertion du Livre XX dans le Code de droit économique 'Insolvabilité des entreprises', 11 August 2017; Loi relative à la continuité des entreprises; Wet van 27 mei 2013 - Wet tot wijziging van verschillende wetgevingen inzake de continuïteit van de ondernemingen/Loi de 27 Mai 2013 - Loi modifiant diverses législations en matière de continuité des entreprises Book XX of the economic code 'Insolvency of Enterprises' of 11 August 2017; Act of 27 May 2013 to modify different laws with regards to the continuity of companies
Malta: Redundant employees entitlement to public support Malta Redundant employees entitlement to public support Kap 343 - Att dwar is-servizzi ta' impieg u tahrig Cap. 343 - Employment and training services act
Malta: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Malta Severance pay/redundancy compensation Kap 452 - Att dwar l-Impiegi u r-Relazzjonijiet Industrijali, 2002 Cap. 452 - Employment and Industrial Relations Act, 2002
Malta: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Malta Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Kap. 452 - Att dwar l-Impiegi u r-Relazzjonijiet Industrijali, 2002; Regolamenti dwar Fond ta' Garanzija (Avviż Legali 432 tal-2002, kif emendat bl-Avviżi Legali 444 tal-2004 u 413 tal-2005 u Avviz Legali 283 of 2017) Cap. 452 - Employment and Industrial Relations Act, 2002; Guarantee Funds Regulations (Legal Notice 432 of 2002, amended by Legal Notices 444 of 2004 and 413 of 2005 and L.N. 283 of 2017​)
Malta: Notice period to employees Malta Notice period to employees Kap. 452 - Att dwar l-Impiegi u r-Relazzjonijiet Industrijali, 2002; Leġislazzjoni Sussidjarja 452.80 - Regolamenti dwar Sensji Kollettivi (Harsien ta’ l-Impjiegi) (Avviż Legali 428 tal-2002, kif emendat bl-Avviż Legali 427 u 442 tal-2004) Cap. 452 - Employment and Industrial Relations Act, 2002; Subsidiary Legislation 452.80 - Collective Redundancies (Protection of Employment) Regulations (Legal Notice 428 of 2002, as amended by Legal Notices 427 and 442 of 2004)
Malta: Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Malta Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Kap. 452 - Att dwar l-Impiegi u r-Relazzjonijiet Industrijali, 2002; Leġislazzjoni Sussidjarja 452.80 - Regolamenti dwar Sensji Kollettivi (Harsien ta’ l-Impjiegi) (Avviż Legali 428 tal-2002 kif emendat bl- Avviżi Legali 427 u 442 tal-2004) Cap. 452 - Employment and Industrial Relations Act, 2002; Subsidiary Legislation 452.80 - Collective Redundancies (Protection of Employment) Regulations (Legal Notice 428 of 2002 as amended by Legal Notices 427 and 442 of 2004)
Malta: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Malta Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Kap. 452 - Att dwar l-Impiegi u r-Relazzjonijiet Industrijali, 2002; Leġislazzjoni Sussidjarja 452.96 - Regolamenti dwar Dritt għal Informazzjoni u Konsultazzjoni mal-Impjegati (Avviż Legali 10 tal-2006, kif emendat bl-Avviż Legali 427 tal-2007); Leġislazzjoni Sussidjarja 452.80 - Regolamenti dwar Sensji Kollettivi (Harsien ta’ l-Impjiegi) (Avviż Legali 428 tal-2002, kif emendat bl-Avviż Legali 427 u 442 tal-2004) Cap. 452 - Employment and Industrial Relations Act, 2002; Subsidiary legislation 452.96 - Employee (Information and Consultation) Regulations (Legal Notice 10 of 2006, as amended by Legal Notice 427 of 2007); Subsidiary Legislation 452.80 - Collective Redundancies (Protection of Employment) Regulations (Legal Notice 428 of 2002, as amended by Legal Notices 427 and 442 of 2004)
Malta: Reemployment obligation after restructuring Malta Reemployment obligation after restructuring Kap. 452 - Att dwar l-Impiegi u r-Relazzjonijiet Industrijali, 2002 Cap. 452 Employment and Industrial Relations Act, 2002
Malta: Working time flexibility Malta Working time flexibility Kap. 452 - Att dwar l-Impiegi u r-Relazzjonijiet Industrijali; Leġislazzjoni Sussidjarja 452.110 - Regolamenti dwar is-Sahra (Avviż Legali 46 tal-2002, kif emendat bl-Avviżi Legali 109 tal-2012 u 81 tal-2015) Chapter 452 - Employment and Industrial Relations Act, 2002; Subsidiary Legislation 452.110 - Overtime Regulations, 2012 (Legal Notice 46 of 2012 as amended by Legal Notices 109 of 2012 and 81 of 2015)
Greece: Rescue procedures in insolvency Greece Rescue procedures in insolvency ΠΟΛ.1027/2018 Τροποποίηση του Πτωχευτικού Κώδικα (ν. 3588/2007 - Α' 153) με τους ν. 4446/2016 (Α'240), ν. 4472/2017 (Α' 74), ν. 4491/2017 (Α' 152) και ν. 4512/2018 (Α'5): Επισήμανση βασικών μεταβολών στη διαδικασία της πτώχευσης και παροχή οδηγιών; Νόμος 3588/2007 Πτωχευτικός Κώδικας; Νόμος 4013/2011 Σύσταση ενιαίας Ανεξάρτητης Αρχής Δημοσίων Συμβάσεων και Κεντρικού Ηλεκτρονικού Μητρώου Δημοσίων Συμβάσεων - Αντικατάσταση του έκτου κεφαλαίου του ν. 3588/2007 (πτωχευτικός κώδικας) - Προπτωχευτική διαδικασία εξυγίανσης και άλλες διατάξεις Circular 1027/2018: Amendment of the bankruptcy code (Law 3588/2007 - OJHR A-153) by Law 4446/2016 (OJHR A-240), Law 4472/2017 (OJHR A-74), Law 4491/2017 (OJHR A-152), and Law 4512/2018 (OJHR A-5): Indication of critical changes in bankruptcy proceedings and provision of instructions; Law 3588/2007 Bankruptcy cde; Law 4013/2011 Establishment of a single idependent public procurement authority and central electronic public procurement registry - Substitution of the sixth chapter of Law 3588/2007 (bankruptcy code) - Procuring process of consolidation and other provisions
Greece: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Greece Wage guarantee in case of insolvency ΠΟΛ.1027/2018 Τροποποίηση του Πτωχευτικού Κώδικα (ν. 3588/2007 - Α' 153) με τους ν. 4446/2016 (Α'240), ν. 4472/2017 (Α' 74), ν. 4491/2017 (Α' 152) και ν. 4512/2018 (Α'5): Επισήμανση βασικών μεταβολών στη διαδικασία της πτώχευσης και παροχή οδηγιών; Ν. 1836/1989 - Προώθηση της απασχόλησης και της επαγγελματικής κατάρτισης και άλλες διατάξεις Circular no. 1027/2018 Amendment of the bankruptcy code (Law 3588/2007 – GG Α 153) by Law 4446/2016 (GG A 240), Law 4472/2017 (GG A 74), Law 4491/2017 (GG 152) and Law 4512/2018 (GG A 5): Key changes in the bankruptcy process and provision of directions; Law 1836/1989 - Promoting employment and vocational training and other provisions
Greece: Employment protection in relation to business transfers Greece Employment protection in relation to business transfers Εγκύκλιος: 58455/ 2017: Μέτρα σχετικά με την προστασία των δικαιωμάτων των εργαζομένων σε περίπτωση μεταβίβασης επιχειρήσεων, εγκαταστάσεων ή τμημάτων εγκαταστάσεων η επιχειρήσεων, Σώμα Επιθεώρησης Εργασίας, 15 Μαρτίου 2017; Προεδρικό Διάταγμα 178/2002 Μέτρα σχετικά με την προστασία των δικαιωμάτων των εργαζομένων σε περίπτωση μεταβίβασης επιχειρήσεων, εγκαταστάσεων ή τμημάτων εγκαταστάσεων ή επιχειρήσεων, σε συμμόρφωση προς την Οδηγία 98/50/ΕΚ του Συμβουλίου Circular: 58455/2017: Measures concerning the protection of employees’ rights in the event of transfers of undertakings, establishments or parts of establishments or undertakings, labour inspectorate, 15 March 2017; Presidential Decree 178/2002 Measures relating to the protection of workers' rights in the event of transfers of undertakings, establishments or parts of businesses or businesses, in conformity with Council Directive 98/50/EC
Netherlands: Notice period to employees Netherlands Notice period to employees Burgerlijk Wetboek Civil code
Germany: Time off for job search Germany Time off for job search Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch Civil Code
Greece: Time off for job search Greece Time off for job search Αστικός Κώδικας Civil Code
Germany: Employment protection in relation to business transfers Germany Employment protection in relation to business transfers Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch Civil Code
Netherlands: Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Netherlands Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Burgerlijk Wetboek (toestemming UWV); Ontslagregeling UWV; Wet arbeidsmarkt in balans (WAB) van 1 januari 2020 Civil code (dismissal permit); Royal decree on dismissal; Balanced labour market act of 1 January 2020

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