EMCC European Monitoring Centre on Change

Restructuring related legislation

Eurofound’s ERM database on restructuring related legal regulations provides information on regulations in the Member States of the European Union and Norway which are explicitly or implicitly linked to anticipating and managing change. The database covers statutory rules, only, and does not include collective agreements or company-level initiatives. The regulations are described in terms of their content, thresholds, involved actors and who covers the cost (if applicable). The aim is to provide an easy possibility of a cross-national comparison of the main features of restructuring related legislation.

Eurofound aims to keep this information up to date and accurate. If errors are brought to our attention, we will try to correct them. However, Eurofound accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the information in this database. This information is:

  • of a general nature only and is not intended to address the specific circumstances of any particular individual or entity; not necessarily comprehensive, complete, accurate or up to date;
  • sometimes linked to external sites over which Eurofound services have no control and for which Eurofound assumes no responsibility;
  • not professional or legal advice (if specific advice is needed, a suitably qualified professional should be consulted).

Research carried out prior to the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union on 31 January 2020, and published subsequently, may include data relating to the 28 EU Member States. Following this date, research only takes into account the 27 EU Member States (EU28 minus the UK), unless specified otherwise.

498 items found


Make your selection by using the filters below. Multiple selection and a combination of filters can be used.

  • CountryEU 27 + UK and Norway
  • Titlethe title is made up of the country name and type, for example: Austria: working time flexibility
  • PhaseEither anticipation or management
    • Anticipationrefers to activities that help to prepare workers or companies for change.
    • Managementcovers activities required to handle a current restructuring event while minimising social costs. It refers to the steps involved in implementing an organisational change process.
  • Typethe range includes, for example, provisions for collective dismissal, information/consultation obligations, notice periods and severance payments, training obligations for employers and employees and regulations concerning working time flexibility
  • Choose bywhether the regulation is obligatory in all circumstances or only for companies over a certain size or cases affecting a certain number of workers
  • Cost covered by
    • no specific additional costs are involved
    • costs covered by national or regional governments
    • cost covered by companies in general or the specific employer undergoing restructuring
    • cost covered by employees
  • Involved actorsincluding regional or local government, works councils, employers’ organisations, trade union or public employment services. The national government, as legislator, is assumed to be involved in all regulations so is not included as a filter option.
Selected 20 rows in this page.  
Title Country Typesort ascending Оригинални назив Енглески назив
Czechia: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Czechia Severance pay/redundancy compensation Zákon č. 262/2006 Sb., Zákoník práce v posledním znění (novelizován v roku 2011 zákonem č. 365/2011 Sb.) Law No. 262/2006 Coll., Labour Code - latest edition (amended by Law No. 365/2011 Coll.)
Slovakia: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Slovakia Severance pay/redundancy compensation Zákonník práce Labour Code
Greece: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Greece Severance pay/redundancy compensation Νόμος 4611/2019: Ρύθμιση οφειλών προς τους Φορείς Κοινωνικής Ασφάλισης, τη Φορολογική Διοίκηση και τους Ο.Τ.Α. α΄ βαθμού, Συνταξιοδοτικές Ρυθμίσεις Δημοσίου και λοιπές ασφαλιστικές και συνταξιοδοτικές διατάξεις, ενίσχυση της προστασίας των εργαζομένων και άλλες διατάξεις; N. 4488/2017: Συνταξιοδοτικές ρυθμίσεις Δημοσίου και λοιπές ασφαλιστικές διατάξεις, ενίσχυση της προστασίας των εργαζομένων, δικαιώματα ατόμων με αναπηρίες και άλλες διατάξεις, (ΦΕΚ Α' 137/13-09-2017); Νόμος 4093/2012: Eγκριση Μεσοπρόθεσμου Πλαισίου Δημοσιονομικής Στρατηγικής 2013−2016 − Επείγοντα Μέτρα Εφαρμογής του ν. 4046/2012 και του Μεσοπρόθεσμου Πλαισίου Δημοσιονομικής Στρατηγικής 2013−2016 Law 4611/2019: Settlement of debts to social security institutions, the tax administration, and first-level local authorities, pension Regulations for civil servants, and other insurance and pension provisions, strengthening the employees’ protection and other provisions (OJHR A-73/17.05.2019 and A-75/22-05-2019); Law 4488/2017: Pension regulations for civil servants, and other insurance provisions, strengthening the employees’ protection, rights of persons with disabilities, and other provisions (Law No. 3863/2010 on social security, July 2010 (Government Gazette, Bulletin Α 115/15.07.2010), as last amended by Law 4488/2017 of 13 September 2017; Law 4093/2012: Adoption of the medium-term fiscal Strategy 2013-2016 - Urgent measures for the implementation of Law 4046/2012 and the medium-term financial strategy 2013-2016
Austria: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Austria Severance pay/redundancy compensation Betriebliches Mitarbeiter- und Selbständigenvorsorgegesetz (BMSVG) Federal Act on Corporate Staff and Self-Employment Provision (BMSVG)
Hungary: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Hungary Severance pay/redundancy compensation 2012. évi I. törvény a Munka Törvénykönyvéről Act I of 2012 on the Labour Code
Romania: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Romania Severance pay/redundancy compensation Codul muncii, Legea nr. 53/2003, republicată în Monitorul Oficial nr. 345 din 18 mai 2011 Labour Code, Law no. 53/2003, republished in the Official Gazette of Romania no. 345 dated 18 May 2011
Slovenia: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Slovenia Severance pay/redundancy compensation Zakon o delovnih razmerjih (ZDR-1) Employment Relationship Act (ZDR-1)
Bulgaria: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Bulgaria Severance pay/redundancy compensation Кодекс на труда Labour Code
Netherlands: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Netherlands Severance pay/redundancy compensation Burgerlijk Wetboek (transitievergoeding); Ontslagregeling UWV van 1 juli 2016; Wet arbeidsmarkt in balans (WAB) van 1 januari 2020 Civil code (transition payment); Royal decree on dismissals of 1 July 2016; Balanced labour market act of 1 January 2020
Malta: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Malta Severance pay/redundancy compensation Kap 452 - Att dwar l-Impiegi u r-Relazzjonijiet Industrijali, 2002 Cap. 452 - Employment and Industrial Relations Act, 2002
Finland: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Finland Severance pay/redundancy compensation Valtion virkamiesten eroraha-asetus (999/1994) Decree on State Officials' Severance Pay (999/1994)
United Kingdom: Severance pay/redundancy compensation United Kingdom Severance pay/redundancy compensation Employment Rights Act 1996 Employment Rights Act 1996
Italy: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Italy Severance pay/redundancy compensation Legge 29 maggio 1982, n. 297, Disciplina del trattamento di fine rapporto e norme in materia pensionistica; Legge 23 agosto 2004, n. 243 Norme in materia pensionistica e deleghe al Governo nel settore della previdenza pubblica, per il sostegno alla previdenza complementare e all'occupazione stabile e per il riordino degli enti di previdenza ed assistenza obbligatoria; Legge 27 dicembre 2006, n. 296 Disposizioni per la formazione del bilancio annuale e pluriennale dello Stato (legge finanziaria 2007); Legge 4 agosto 2017, n. 124, Legge annuale per il mercato e la concorrenza Law 29 May 1982, no. 297, Regulation on severance pay and rules governing pensions; Law of 23 August 2004, n. 243 Pension regulations and government mandates in the public pension sector, to support supplementary pensions and stable employment and for the reorganisation of social security and mandatory assistance; Law of 27 December 2006, n. 296 Provisions for the formation of the annual and multi-year state budget (2007 financial law); Law no. 124/2017, Annual law for the market and competition
Spain: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Spain Severance pay/redundancy compensation Estatuto de los Trabajadores (ET); Real-Decreto ley 10/2010, de 16 de junio, de medidas urgentes para la reforma del mercado de trabajo; Ley 3/2012, de 6 de julio, de medidas urgentes para la reforma del mercado laboral Statute of Workers’ Rights; Royal Decree law 10/2010 of 16 June on urgent measures to reform the labour market; Law 3/2012 of 6 July on urgent measures to reform the labour market
Estonia: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Estonia Severance pay/redundancy compensation Töölepingu seadus; Töötuskindlustuse seadus Employment contracts act; Unemployment insurance act
Belgium: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Belgium Severance pay/redundancy compensation Loi du 13 février 1998 portant des dispositions en faveur de l'emploi /13 februari 1998 Wet houdende bepalingen tot bevordering van de tewerkstelling Act of 13 February 1998 measures to promote employment
Lithuania: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Lithuania Severance pay/redundancy compensation Darbo kodeksas Nr. XII-2603, LR garantijų darbuotojams jų darbdaviui tapus nemokiam ir ilgalaikio darbo išmokų įstatymas Nr. XII-2604, LR Vyriausybės nutarimas Nr. 576 „Dėl Ilgalaikio darbo išmokų fondo nuostatų patvirtinimo“, Vidutinio darbo užmokesčio skaičiavimo tvarkos aprašas, patvirtintas LR Vyriausybės nutarimu Nr. 496 Labour code No XII-2603, Law on guarantees for employees in the event of employer insolvency and long-term service allowances No XII-2604, Resolution No 576 of the government of the Republic of Lithuania on the approval of regulations of the Long-term Allowance Fund, Description of the average wage calculation procedure approved by the resolution of the government of the Republic of Lithuania No 496
Luxembourg: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Luxembourg Severance pay/redundancy compensation Code du travail Labour Code
Croatia: Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Croatia Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Zakon o radu 93/2014, 127/17 Labour Act 93/2014, 127/17
Bulgaria: Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Bulgaria Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Кодекс на труда, Закон за здравословни и безопасни условия на труд Labour Code; Law for Health and Safety Working Conditions