EWCS 2010 - Questionnaire translation

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In order to develop a valid, reliable and internationally comparable questionnaire the translation from the English master file into the other languages required a series of steps and contributions from a team of experts.

For each version:

  1. Two independent experts translated the questionnaire into their language
  2. A third person combined these versions into one
  3. This combined version was translated back into English, and
  4. A final version was validated by our EWCO correspondents who are experts on working conditions research.

The European Working Conditions Survey has been carried out 5 times with some questions repeated in one or more waves. That makes it necessary to treat previously used questions (trend questions) differently from new questions to enable comparisons over time and to maintain the consistency of the data. The translations of trend questions - some of them dating back as far as 1991 - were changed only in case of serious discrepancies between the English master and the translation.

The 5th EWCS questionnaire was translated into 32 languages including the key minority languages of the surveyed countries. Nine of the languages were used in more than one country and adapted to the cultural context when necessary.

Below is the list of languages for each country (100-600KB pdf files, except for PL: 2MB, RO: 1.2MB, and SK 2.1MB): 

Survey country

Languages

Survey country

Languages

Austria:

German

Kosovo:

Albanian, Serbian (Latin and Cyrillic)

Albania:

Albanian

Latvia:

Latvian, Russian

Belgium:

French, Dutch

Lithuania:

Lithuanian

Bulgaria:

Bulgarian

Luxemburg:

Luxemburgish, French, German

Croatia:

Croatian

Malta:

Maltese, English

Cyprus:

Greek

Montenegro:

Montenegrin (standard and Ijekavski dialect), Serbian (Latin and Cyrillic)

Czech Republic:

Czech

Netherlands:

Dutch

Denmark:

Danish

Norway:

Norwegian

Estonia:

Estonian, Russian

Poland:

Polish

Finland:

Finnish, Swedish

Portugal:

Portuguese

France:

French

Romania:

Romanian

FYROM:

Macedonian, Albanian

Slovakia:

Slovakian

Germany:

German

Slovenia:

Slovenian

Greece:

Greek

Spain:

Spanish, Catalan

Hungary:

Hungarian

Sweden:

Swedish

Ireland:

English

Turkey:

Turkish

Italy:

Italian

United Kingdom:

English

For more information please see the Translation Process Report.

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