EMCC European Monitoring Centre on Change

Restructuring related legislation

Eurofound’s ERM database on restructuring related legal regulations provides information on about 461 regulations in the Member States of the European Union and Norway which are explicitly or implicitly linked to anticipating and managing change. The database covers statutory rules, only, and does not include collective agreements or company-level initiatives. The regulations are described in terms of their content, thresholds, involved actors and who covers the cost (if applicable). The aim is to provide an easy possibility of a cross-national comparison of the main features of restructuring related legislation.

Eurofound aims to keep this information up to date and accurate. If errors are brought to our attention, we will try to correct them. However, Eurofound accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the information in this database. This information is:

  • of a general nature only and is not intended to address the specific circumstances of any particular individual or entity; not necessarily comprehensive, complete, accurate or up to date;
  • sometimes linked to external sites over which Eurofound services have no control and for which Eurofound assumes no responsibility;
  • not professional or legal advice (if specific advice is needed, a suitably qualified professional should be consulted).

Research carried out prior to the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union on 31 January 2020, and published subsequently, may include data relating to the 28 EU Member States. Following this date, research only takes into account the 27 EU Member States (EU28 minus the UK), unless specified otherwise.

461 items found

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Make your selection by using the filters below. Multiple selection and a combination of filters can be used.

  • CountryEU 27 + UK and Norway
  • Titlethe title is made up of the country name and type, for example: Austria: working time flexibility
  • PhaseEither anticipation or management
    • Anticipationrefers to activities that help to prepare workers or companies for change.
    • Managementcovers activities required to handle a current restructuring event while minimising social costs. It refers to the steps involved in implementing an organisational change process.
  • Typethe range includes, for example, provisions for collective dismissal, information/consultation obligations, notice periods and severance payments, training obligations for employers and employees and regulations concerning working time flexibility
  • Choose bywhether the regulation is obligatory in all circumstances or only for companies over a certain size or cases affecting a certain number of workers
  • Cost covered by
    • no specific additional costs are involved
    • costs covered by national or regional governments
    • cost covered by companies in general or the specific employer undergoing restructuring
    • cost covered by employees
  • Involved actorsincluding regional or local government, works councils, employers’ organisations, trade union or public employment services. The national government, as legislator, is assumed to be involved in all regulations so is not included as a filter option.
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Titel Country Typ Lokalt namn Engelskt namn
Slovakia: Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Slovakia Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Zákonník práce Labour Code
Belgium: Employers obligation to support redundant employees Belgium Employers obligation to support redundant employees Loi 23 decembre 2005 relative au Pacte de solidarité entre les generations/Wet betreffende het generatiepact; Wet van 23 december 2005 tot de verbetering van de werkgelegenheidsgraad van de werknemers; Convention collective de travail n° 82 du 10 juillet 2002 relative au droit au reclassement professionnel pour les travailleurs de quarante-cinq ans et plus qui sont licenciés/Collectieve arbeidsovereenkomst nr. 82 van 10 juli 2002 betreffende het recht op outplacement voor werknemers van 45 jaar en ouder die worden ontslagen; Collectieve arbeidsovereenkost nr. 82 bis van 17 juli 2007 tot wijziging van CAO 82 Law 23 December 2005 with regard to inter-generational solidarity pact; Collective agreement n°82 of 10 July 2002 on the redeployment of dismissed workers aged 45 and older; Collective agreement nr. 82 bis of 17 July 2007 changing collective agreement 82
Belgium: Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Belgium Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Arrêté royal du 27 novembre 1973 portant réglementation des informations économiques et financières à fournir aux conseils d'entreprises/Koninklijk besluit houdende reglementering van de economische en financiële inlichtingen te verstrekken aan de ondernemingsraden van 27 November 1973 Royal decree of 27 November 1973 on employers' obligations to provide economical and financial information within works councils
Belgium: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Belgium Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Loi du 13 février 1998 portant des dispositions en faveur de l'emploi/Wet of 13 februari 1998 houdende bepalingen tot bevordering van de tewerkstelling Act of 13 February 1998 measures to promote employment
Belgium: Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Belgium Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Loi du 29 Mars 2012 portant des dispositions diverses/Wet of 29 Maart 2012 houdende diverse bepalingen (Titre 9 - Chapitre 4: Pyramide des âges en cas de licenciement collectif/Titel 9 - Hoofdstuk 4: Leeftijdspiramide bij collectief ontslag) Omnibus Act of 29 March 2012 containing various provisions (Title 9 - Chapter 4: Population pyramid in case of collective dismissal)
Belgium: Definition of collective dismissal Belgium Definition of collective dismissal Loi du 13 février 1998 portant des dispositions en faveur de l'emploi dite loi Renault (M B. du 19/2/1998)/Wet of 13 februari 1998 houdende bepalingen tot bevordering van de tewerkstelling Law of 13 February 1998 regarding measures in favour of employment (so-called 'Renault Law')
Belgium: Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Belgium Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Loi du 13 février 1998 portant des dispositions en faveur de l'emploi dite loi Renault /Wet van 13 februari 1998 houdende bepalingen tot bevordering van de tewerkstelling (Wet Renault) Law of 13 February 1998 regarding measures in favour of employment (so-called 'Renault Law')
Belgium: Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Belgium Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Loi du 13 février 1998 portant des dispositions en faveur de l'emploi dite loi Renault /Wet van 13 februari 1998 houdende bepalingen tot bevordering van de tewerkstelling (Wet Renault); Convention collective de travail no. 109 du 12 février 2014 concernant la motivation du licenciement/Collectieve arbeitsovereenkomst nr. 109 van 12 februari 2014 betreffende de motivering van het ontslag Law of 13 February 1998 regarding measures in favour of employment (so-called 'Renault Law'); Collective Agreement n°109 of 12 February 2014 on justified dismissal
Belgium: Notice period to employees Belgium Notice period to employees Loi du 13 février 1998 portant des dispositions en faveur de l'emploi dite loi Renault/Wet van 13 februari 1998 houdende bepalingen tot bevordering van de tewerkstelling (Wet Renault) Law of 13 February 1998 regarding measures in favour of employment (so-called 'Renault Law')
Poland: Reemployment obligation after restructuring Poland Reemployment obligation after restructuring Ustawa z dnia 13.03.2003 r. o szczególnych zasadach rozwiązywania z pracownikami stosunków pracy z przyczyn niedotyczących pracowników; Ustawa z dnia 23.04.1964 r. - Kodeks cywilny; Ustawa z dnia 26.06.1974 r. - Kodeks pracy Act of 13.03.2003 on special principles of termination of employment contracts with employees for reasons not related to employees - 'Collective Dismissals Act'; Act of 23.04.1964 -Civil Code; Act of 26.06.1974 -Labour Code
Poland: Definition of collective dismissal Poland Definition of collective dismissal Ustawa z dnia 13.03.2003 r. o szczególnych zasadach rozwiązywania z pracownikami stosunków pracy z przyczyn niedotyczących pracowników Act of 13.03.2003 on special principles of termination of employment contracts with employees for reasons not related to employees - 'Collective Dismissals Act'
Poland: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Poland Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Ustawa z dnia 13.03.2003 o szczególnych zasadach rozwiązywania z pracownikami stosunków pracy z przyczyn niedotyczących pracowników Act of 13.03.2003 on special principles of termination of employment contracts with employees for reasons not related to employees - 'Collective Dismissals Act'
Poland: Staff information and consultation on business transfers Poland Staff information and consultation on business transfers Ustawa z dnia 26.06.1974 r. - Kodeks pracy; Ustawa z dnia 23.05.1991 o związkach zawodowych; Ustawa z dnia 23.04.1964 r. -Kodeks cywilny Act of 26.06.1974 - Labour Code; Act of 23.05.1991 on trade unions; Act of 23.04.1964 - Civil Code
Poland: Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Poland Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Ustawa z dnia 13.03.2003 o szczególnych zasadach rozwiązywania z pracownikami stosunków pracy z przyczyn niedotyczących pracowników; Ustawa z dnia 23.05.1991 r. o związkach zawodowych; Ustawa z dnia 26.06.1974 r. -Kodeks pracy; Ustawa z dnia 6.06.1997 r. -Kodeks karny Act of 13.03.2003 on special principles of termination of employment contracts with employees for reasons not related to employees - 'Collective Dismissals Act'; Act of 26.06.1974 - Labour Code; Act of 23.05.1991 on trade unions; Act of 6.06.1997 - Criminal Code
Poland: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Poland Severance pay/redundancy compensation Ustawa z dnia 26.06.1974 r. -Kodeks pracy; Ustawa z dnia 13.03.2003 o szczególnych zasadach rozwiązywania z pracownikami stosunków pracy z przyczyn niedotyczących pracowników; Ustawa z dnia 21.08. 2004 r. o świadczeniach opieki zdrowotnej finansowanych ze środków publicznych; Ustawa z dnia 26.07.1991 r. o podatku dochodowym od osób fizycznych; Rozporządzenie Ministra Pracy i Polityki Społecznej z dnia 18.12.1998 r. w sprawie szczególnych zasad ustalania podstawy wymiaru składki na ubezpieczenie emerytalne i rentowe Act of 26.06.1974 -Labour Code; Act of 13.03.2003 on special principles of termination of employment contracts with employees for reasons not related to employees - 'Collective Dismissals Act'; Act of 21.08.2004 on publicly-funded health care services; Act of 26.07.1991 on the personal income tax; Regulation of the Minister of Labor and Social Policy of 18.12.1998 on the detailed rules for establishing the basis of assessment of pension contributions
Poland: Employers obligation to support redundant employees Poland Employers obligation to support redundant employees Ustawa z dnia 20.04.2004 o promocji zatrudnienia i instytucjach rynku pracy (tekst jednolity: Dz.U. z 2008 r. Nr 69, poz 415) wdrożone 25.04.2008 Act of 20.04.2004 on promoting employment and labour market institutions (consolidated text: Journal of Laws of 2008, no. 69, item 415) implemented 25.04.2008
Poland: Working time flexibility Poland Working time flexibility Ustawa z dnia 26.06.1974 r. - Kodeks pracy; Ustawa z dnia 11.10.2013 r. o szczególnych rozwiązaniach związanych z ochroną miejsc pracy Act of 26.06.1974 -Labour Code; Act of 11.10.2013 on special solutions related to the protection of jobs
Poland: Notice period to employees Poland Notice period to employees Ustawa z dnia 26.06.1974 - Kodeks Pracy Act of 26.06.1974 - Labour Code
Poland: Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Poland Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Ustawa z dnia 20.04.2004 o promocji zatrudnienia i instytucjach rynku pracy tekst jednolity: Dz.U. z 2008 r. Nr 69, poz 415) wdrożone 25.04.2008; Ustawa z dnia 13.03.2003 o szczególnych zasadach rozwiązywania z pracownikami stosunków pracy z przyczyn niedotyczących pracowników) ustawa o zwolnieniach grupowych Act of 20.04.2004 on promoting employment and labour market institutions (consolidated text: Journal of Laws of 2008, no. 69, item 415) implemented 25.04.2008; Act of 13.03.2003 on special rules of termination of employment contracts for reasons not related to employees - 'Collective Dismissals Act'
Poland: Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Poland Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Ustawa z dnia 07.04.2006 r. o informowaniu pracowników i przeprowadzaniu z nimi konsultacji; Ustawa z dnia 23.05.1991r. o związkach zawodowych; Ustawa z dnia 13.03.2003 r. o o szczególnych zasadach rozwiązywania z pracownikami stosunków pracy z przyczyn niedotyczących pracowników -'ustawa o zwolnieniach grupowych' Act of 07.04.2006 on informing and consulting employees; Act of 23.05.1991 on trade unions; Act of 13.03.2003 on special principles of termination of employment contracts with employees for reasons not related to employees - 'Collective Dismissals Act'

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