EMCC European Monitoring Centre on Change

Restructuring related legislation

Eurofound’s ERM database on restructuring related legal regulations provides information on about 461 regulations in the Member States of the European Union and Norway which are explicitly or implicitly linked to anticipating and managing change. The database covers statutory rules, only, and does not include collective agreements or company-level initiatives. The regulations are described in terms of their content, thresholds, involved actors and who covers the cost (if applicable). The aim is to provide an easy possibility of a cross-national comparison of the main features of restructuring related legislation.

Eurofound aims to keep this information up to date and accurate. If errors are brought to our attention, we will try to correct them. However, Eurofound accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the information in this database. This information is:

  • of a general nature only and is not intended to address the specific circumstances of any particular individual or entity; not necessarily comprehensive, complete, accurate or up to date;
  • sometimes linked to external sites over which Eurofound services have no control and for which Eurofound assumes no responsibility;
  • not professional or legal advice (if specific advice is needed, a suitably qualified professional should be consulted).

Research carried out prior to the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union on 31 January 2020, and published subsequently, may include data relating to the 28 EU Member States. Following this date, research only takes into account the 27 EU Member States (EU28 minus the UK), unless specified otherwise.

461 items found

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Make your selection by using the filters below. Multiple selection and a combination of filters can be used.

  • CountryEU 27 + UK and Norway
  • Titlethe title is made up of the country name and type, for example: Austria: working time flexibility
  • PhaseEither anticipation or management
    • Anticipationrefers to activities that help to prepare workers or companies for change.
    • Managementcovers activities required to handle a current restructuring event while minimising social costs. It refers to the steps involved in implementing an organisational change process.
  • Typethe range includes, for example, provisions for collective dismissal, information/consultation obligations, notice periods and severance payments, training obligations for employers and employees and regulations concerning working time flexibility
  • Choose bywhether the regulation is obligatory in all circumstances or only for companies over a certain size or cases affecting a certain number of workers
  • Cost covered by
    • no specific additional costs are involved
    • costs covered by national or regional governments
    • cost covered by companies in general or the specific employer undergoing restructuring
    • cost covered by employees
  • Involved actorsincluding regional or local government, works councils, employers’ organisations, trade union or public employment services. The national government, as legislator, is assumed to be involved in all regulations so is not included as a filter option.
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Titel Country Typ Lokalt namn Engelskt namn
Poland: Time off for job search Poland Time off for job search Ustawa z dnia 26.06.1974 - Kodeks Pracy Act of 26.06.1974 - Labour Code
Germany: Working time flexibility Germany Working time flexibility Sozialgesetzbuch (SGB) III Social Code Book III
Bulgaria: Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Bulgaria Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Кодекс на труда Labour Code
Bulgaria: Definition of collective dismissal Bulgaria Definition of collective dismissal Кодекс на труда Labour Code
Bulgaria: Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Bulgaria Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Закон за насърчаване на заетостта Law on encouragement of employment
Bulgaria: Working time flexibility Bulgaria Working time flexibility Кодекс на труда Labour Code
Bulgaria: Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Bulgaria Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Кодекс на труда, Закон за здравословни и безопасни условия на труд Labour Code; Law for Health and Safety Working Conditions
Bulgaria: Employees obligation to undertake training Bulgaria Employees obligation to undertake training Кодекс на труда Labour Code
Bulgaria: Employers obligation to provide skill development plans or training Bulgaria Employers obligation to provide skill development plans or training Кодекс на труда; Закон за насърчаване на заетостта Labour Code; Law of encouragement of employment
Bulgaria: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Bulgaria Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Кодекс на труда Labour Code
Belgium: Working time flexibility Belgium Working time flexibility Loi du 29 mars 2012 portant des dispositions diverses relatives au travail/Wet 29 maart 2012 houdende diverse bepalingen; Arrêté-loi du 28 décembre 1944 concernant la sécurité sociale des travailleurs complété par les arrêtés royaux du 26 mars 2003, 29 mars 2006 and 1 septembre 2006/Besluitwet van 28 december 1944 betreffende de maatschappelijke zekerheid der arbeiders aangevuld met Koninklijk besluit van 26 maart 2003, 29 maart 2006 en 1 september 2006; Loi de redressement contenant des dispositions sociales du 22 janvier 1985/Herstelwet houdende sociale bepalingen van 22 januari 1985 Labour Act of 29 March 2012 containing various provisions relating to work; Law-decree of 28 December 1944 on social security for employees, completed with royal decrees of 26 March 2003, 29 March 2006 and 1 September 2006; Law of 22 January 1985 on social provisions
Belgium: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Belgium Severance pay/redundancy compensation Loi du 13 février 1998 portant des dispositions en faveur de l'emploi /13 februari 1998 Wet houdende bepalingen tot bevordering van de tewerkstelling Act of 13 February 1998 measures to promote employment
Norway: Working time flexibility Norway Working time flexibility Lov om lønnsplikt under permittering (permitteringslønnsloven); Folketrygdloven Act on the obligation to pay wages during temporary redundancies; National Insurance Act
Norway: Employers obligation to support redundant employees Norway Employers obligation to support redundant employees Arbeidsmiljøloven Working Environment Act
Norway: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Norway Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Lov om statsgaranti for lønnskrav ved konkurs m.v. (lønnsgarantiloven) Act on state guarantee for wages in case of insolvency
Norway: Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Norway Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Arbeidsmiljøloven Working Environment Act
Norway: Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Norway Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Arbeidsmiljøloven Working Environment Act
Norway: Notice period to employees Norway Notice period to employees Arbeidsmiljøloven; Statsansatteloven Working Environment Act; State Employee Act
Norway: Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Norway Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Arbeidsmiljøloven; Omstillingslova; Arbeidsmarkedsloven Working Environment Act; Restructuring Act; Labour Market Act
Norway: Definition of collective dismissal Norway Definition of collective dismissal Arbeidsmiljøloven; Arbeidsmarkedsloven Working Environment Act; Labour Market Act

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