EMCC European Monitoring Centre on Change

Restructuring related legislation

Eurofound’s ERM database on restructuring related legal regulations provides information on about 461 regulations in the Member States of the European Union and Norway which are explicitly or implicitly linked to anticipating and managing change. The database covers statutory rules, only, and does not include collective agreements or company-level initiatives. The regulations are described in terms of their content, thresholds, involved actors and who covers the cost (if applicable). The aim is to provide an easy possibility of a cross-national comparison of the main features of restructuring related legislation.

Eurofound aims to keep this information up to date and accurate. If errors are brought to our attention, we will try to correct them. However, Eurofound accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the information in this database. This information is:

  • of a general nature only and is not intended to address the specific circumstances of any particular individual or entity; not necessarily comprehensive, complete, accurate or up to date;
  • sometimes linked to external sites over which Eurofound services have no control and for which Eurofound assumes no responsibility;
  • not professional or legal advice (if specific advice is needed, a suitably qualified professional should be consulted).

Research carried out prior to the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union on 31 January 2020, and published subsequently, may include data relating to the 28 EU Member States. Following this date, research only takes into account the 27 EU Member States (EU28 minus the UK), unless specified otherwise.

461 items found

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Make your selection by using the filters below. Multiple selection and a combination of filters can be used.

  • CountryEU 27 + UK and Norway
  • Titlethe title is made up of the country name and type, for example: Austria: working time flexibility
  • PhaseEither anticipation or management
    • Anticipationrefers to activities that help to prepare workers or companies for change.
    • Managementcovers activities required to handle a current restructuring event while minimising social costs. It refers to the steps involved in implementing an organisational change process.
  • Typethe range includes, for example, provisions for collective dismissal, information/consultation obligations, notice periods and severance payments, training obligations for employers and employees and regulations concerning working time flexibility
  • Choose bywhether the regulation is obligatory in all circumstances or only for companies over a certain size or cases affecting a certain number of workers
  • Cost covered by
    • no specific additional costs are involved
    • costs covered by national or regional governments
    • cost covered by companies in general or the specific employer undergoing restructuring
    • cost covered by employees
  • Involved actorsincluding regional or local government, works councils, employers’ organisations, trade union or public employment services. The national government, as legislator, is assumed to be involved in all regulations so is not included as a filter option.
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Titel Country Typ Lokalt namn Engelskt namn
Denmark: Notice period to employees Denmark Notice period to employees Bekendtgørelse af lov om varsling m.v. i forbindelse med afskedigelser af større omfang (LBK nr 291 af 22/03/2010); Bekendtgørelse af lov om retsforholdet mellem arbejdsgivere og funktionærer (LBK nr 81 af 03/02/2009) Danish Act on Collective Redundancies (Consolidated Act no. 291 of 22 March 2010); Danish Act on the Legal Relationship between Employers and Salaried Employees (Consolidates Act no. 81 of 3 February 2009)
Denmark: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Denmark Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Bekendtgørelse af lov om varsling m.v. i forbindelse med afskedigelser af større omfang (LBK nr 291 af 22/03/2010); Lov om information og høring af lønmodtagere (LOV nr 303 af 02/05/2005) The Danish Act on Collective Redundancies (Consolidation Act no. 291 of 22 March 2010); The Danish Act on Information and Consultation of Employees (Act no. 303 of 2 May 2005)
Denmark: Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Denmark Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Bekendtgørelse af lov om varsling m.v. i forbindelse med afskedigelser af større omfang (LBK nr 291 af 22/03/2010) The Danish Act on Collective Redundancies (Consolidation Act no. 291 of 22 March 2010)
Denmark: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Denmark Severance pay/redundancy compensation Bekendtgørelse af lov om retsforholdet mellem arbejdsgivere og funktionærer (LBK nr 81 af 03/02/2009) The Danish Act on the legal Relationship between Employers and Salaried Employees (Consolidation Act no. 81 of 3 February 2009)
Denmark: Staff information and consultation on business transfers Denmark Staff information and consultation on business transfers Bekendtgørelse af lov om lønmodtageres retsstilling ved virksomhedsoverdragelse (LBK nr 710 af 20/08/2002); Lov om information og høring af lønmodtagere (LOV nr 303 af 02/05/2005) The Danish Act on Employees' Rights in the event of Transfers of Undertakings (Consolidation Act no. 710 of 22 August 2002; The Danish Act on Information and Consultation of Employees (Act no. 303 of 2 May 2005)
Finland: Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Finland Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Laki yhteistoiminnasta yrityksissä (334/2007), Laki yhteistoiminnasta suomalaisissa ja yhteisönlaajuisissa yritysryhmissä (335/2007), Laki yhteistoiminnasta valtion virastossa ja laitoksissa (1233/2013), Laki työnantajan ja henkilöstön välisestä yhteistoiminnasta kunnissa (449/2007) Act on Cooperation within Undertakings (334/2007), Act on Cooperation within […] Groups of Undertakings (335/2007), Act on Cooperation within Government Agencies and Institutions (1233/2013), Act on Cooperation […] within Municipalities (449/2007)
Finland: Time off for job search Finland Time off for job search Työsopimuslaki (55/2001) The Employment Contracts Act (55/2001)
Finland: Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Finland Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Työsopimuslaki (55/2001), Laki yhteistoiminnasta yrityksissä (334/2007), Laki yhteistoiminnasta valtion virastoissa ja laitoksissa (1233/2013), Laki työnantajan ja henkilöstön välisestä yhteistoiminnasta kunnissa (449/2007) The Employment Contracts Act (55/2001), Act on Cooperation within Undertakings (334/2007), Act on Cooperation within Government Agencies and Institutions (1233/2013), Act on Cooperation […] within Municipalities (449/2007)
Finland: Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Finland Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Työsopimuslaki (55/2001) The Employment Contracts Act (55/2001)
Finland: Working time flexibility Finland Working time flexibility Työaikalaki (605/1996), Työsopimuslaki (55/2001) Working Hours Act (605/1996), Employment Contracts Act (55/2001)
Finland: Reemployment obligation after restructuring Finland Reemployment obligation after restructuring Työsopimuslaki (55/2001) The Employment Contracts Act (55/2001)
Finland: Notice period to employees Finland Notice period to employees Työsopimuslaki (55/2001), Laki yhteistoiminnasta yrityksissä (334/2007), Laki yhteistoiminnasta valtion virastoissa ja laitoksissa (1233/2013), Laki työnantajan ja henkilöstön välisestä yhteistoiminnasta kunnissa (449/2007) The Employment Contracts Act (55/2001), Act on Cooperation within Undertakings (334/2007), Act on Cooperation within Government Agencies and Institutions (1233/2013), Act on Cooperation […] within Municipalities (449/2007)
Finland: Employers obligation to provide skill development plans or training Finland Employers obligation to provide skill development plans or training Työsopimuslaki (55/2001), Laki yhteistoiminnasta yrityksissä (334/2007), Laki yhteistoiminnasta suomalaisissa ja yhteisönlaajuisissa yritysryhmissä (335/2007), Laki yhteistoiminnasta valtion virastossa ja laitoksissa (1233/2013), Laki […] yhteistoiminnasta kunnissa (449/2007) Employment Contracts Act (55/2001), Act on Cooperation within Undertakings (334/2007), Act on Cooperation within […] Groups of Undertakings (335/2007), Act on Cooperation within Government Agencies and Institutions (1233/2013), Act on Cooperation […] within Municipalities (449/2007)
Finland: Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Finland Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Laki yhteistoiminnasta yrityksissä (334/2007), Laki yhteistoiminnasta suomalaisissa ja yhteisönlaajuisissa yritysryhmissä (335/2007), Laki yhteistoiminnasta valtion virastossa ja laitoksissa (1233/2013), Laki […] yhteistoiminnasta kunnissa (449/2007) Act on Cooperation within Undertakings (334/2007), Act on Cooperation within […] Groups of Undertakings (335/2007), Act on Cooperation within Government Agencies and Institutions (1233/2013), Act on Cooperation […] within Municipalities (449/2007)
Finland: Definition of collective dismissal Finland Definition of collective dismissal Laki yhteistoiminnasta yrityksissä (334/2007), Laki yhteistoiminnasta suomalaisissa ja yhteisönlaajuisissa yritysryhmissä (335/2007), Laki yhteistoiminnasta valtion virastoissa ja laitoksissa (1233/2013), Laki työnantajan ja henkilöstön välisestä yhteistoiminnasta kunnissa (449/2007) Act on Cooperation within Undertakings (334/2007), Act on Cooperation within Finnish and Community-wide Groups of Undertakings (335/2007), Act on Cooperation within Government Agencies and Institutions (1233/2013), Act on Cooperation […] within Municipalities (449/2007)
Estonia: Definition of collective dismissal Estonia Definition of collective dismissal Töölepingu seadus Employment Contracts Act
Estonia: Redundant employees entitlement to public support Estonia Redundant employees entitlement to public support Tööturuteenuste ja toetuste seadus Labour Market Services and Benefits Act
United Kingdom: Definition of collective dismissal United Kingdom Definition of collective dismissal Collective Redundancies and Transfer of Undertakings (Protection of Employment) (Amendment) Regulations 1995; Collective Redundancies and Transfer of Undertakings (Protection of Employment) (Amendment) Regulations 2014; Employment Rights Act 1996; Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 1992 Collective Redundancies and Transfer of Undertakings (Protection of Employment) (Amendment) Regulations 1995; Collective Redundancies and Transfer of Undertakings (Protection of Employment) (Amendment) Regulations 2014; Employment Rights Act 1996; Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 1992
Estonia: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Estonia Severance pay/redundancy compensation Töölepingu seadus; Töötuskindlustuse seadus Employment contracts act; Unemployment insurance act
United Kingdom: Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals United Kingdom Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 1992; Collective Redundancies (Amendment) Regulations 2006 Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 1992; Collective Redundancies (Amendment) Regulations 2006

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