EMCC European Monitoring Centre on Change

Restructuring related legislation

Eurofound’s ERM database on restructuring related legal regulations provides information on about 461 regulations in the Member States of the European Union and Norway which are explicitly or implicitly linked to anticipating and managing change. The database covers statutory rules, only, and does not include collective agreements or company-level initiatives. The regulations are described in terms of their content, thresholds, involved actors and who covers the cost (if applicable). The aim is to provide an easy possibility of a cross-national comparison of the main features of restructuring related legislation.

Eurofound aims to keep this information up to date and accurate. If errors are brought to our attention, we will try to correct them. However, Eurofound accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the information in this database. This information is:

  • of a general nature only and is not intended to address the specific circumstances of any particular individual or entity; not necessarily comprehensive, complete, accurate or up to date;
  • sometimes linked to external sites over which Eurofound services have no control and for which Eurofound assumes no responsibility;
  • not professional or legal advice (if specific advice is needed, a suitably qualified professional should be consulted).

Research carried out prior to the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union on 31 January 2020, and published subsequently, may include data relating to the 28 EU Member States. Following this date, research only takes into account the 27 EU Member States (EU28 minus the UK), unless specified otherwise.

461 items found

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Make your selection by using the filters below. Multiple selection and a combination of filters can be used.

  • CountryEU 27 + UK and Norway
  • Titlethe title is made up of the country name and type, for example: Austria: working time flexibility
  • PhaseEither anticipation or management
    • Anticipationrefers to activities that help to prepare workers or companies for change.
    • Managementcovers activities required to handle a current restructuring event while minimising social costs. It refers to the steps involved in implementing an organisational change process.
  • Typethe range includes, for example, provisions for collective dismissal, information/consultation obligations, notice periods and severance payments, training obligations for employers and employees and regulations concerning working time flexibility
  • Choose bywhether the regulation is obligatory in all circumstances or only for companies over a certain size or cases affecting a certain number of workers
  • Cost covered by
    • no specific additional costs are involved
    • costs covered by national or regional governments
    • cost covered by companies in general or the specific employer undergoing restructuring
    • cost covered by employees
  • Involved actorsincluding regional or local government, works councils, employers’ organisations, trade union or public employment services. The national government, as legislator, is assumed to be involved in all regulations so is not included as a filter option.
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Titel Country Typsortera i fallande ordning Lokalt namn Engelskt namn
Belgium: Employees obligation to undertake training Belgium Employees obligation to undertake training 9 maart 2006 Koninklijk besluit betreffende het activerend beleid bij herstructureringen/Arrêté royal du 9 mars 2006 relatif à la gestion active des restructurations Royal decree of 9 March 2006 regarding the active management of restructuring
Romania: Employees obligation to undertake training Romania Employees obligation to undertake training Codul muncii, Legea nr. 53/2003, republicată în Monitorul Oficial nr. 345 din 18 mai 2011 Labour Code, Law no. 53/2003, republished in the Official Gazette of Romania no. 345 of 18 May 2011
Bulgaria: Employees obligation to undertake training Bulgaria Employees obligation to undertake training Кодекс на труда Labour Code
Latvia: Employees obligation to undertake training Latvia Employees obligation to undertake training Darba likums Labour law
Estonia: Employees obligation to undertake training Estonia Employees obligation to undertake training Töölepingu seadus Employment Contracts Act
Portugal: Employees obligation to undertake training Portugal Employees obligation to undertake training Código do trabalho Labour Code
Czechia: Employees obligation to undertake training Czechia Employees obligation to undertake training Zákoník práce, zákon č. 262/2006 Sb. Labour Code (Law No. 262/2006 Coll.)
Italy: Employees obligation to undertake training Italy Employees obligation to undertake training Decreto legislativo 14 settembre 2015, n. 150, Disposizioni per il riordino della normativa in materia di servizi per il lavoro e di politiche attive; Decreto legge 28 gennaio 2019, n. 4, Disposizioni urgenti in materia di reddito di cittadinanza e di pensioni Legislative Decree 14 September 2015, no. 150, Provisions for the reorganisation of rules on employment services and active labour market policies; Decree law 28 January 2019, n. 4, Urgent provisions concerning citizenship income and pensions
Slovenia: Employees obligation to undertake training Slovenia Employees obligation to undertake training Zakon o delovnih razmerjih (ZDR-1) Employment Relationship Act (ZDR-1)
Austria: Employees obligation to undertake training Austria Employees obligation to undertake training Grundqualifikations- und Weiterbildungsverordnung – Berufskraftfahrer (GWB) Initial Qualification and Training Decree - Professional drivers (GWB)
Romania: Employers obligation to provide skill development plans or training Romania Employers obligation to provide skill development plans or training Codul muncii, Legea nr. 53/2003, republicată în Monitorul Oficial nr. 345/18 mai 2011; Ordonanţa Guvernului nr. 129/31 august 2000 privind formarea profesională a adulţilor; Legea nr. 76/2002 privind sistemul asigurărilor pentru şomaj şi stimularea ocupării fortei de munca, cu modificarile si completarile ulterioare Labour Code, Law no. 53/2003, republished in the Official Gazette of Romania no. 345 dated 18 May 2011; Governmental Ordinance no. 129 dated 31 August 2000 regarding adult professional training; Law no. 76/2002 regarding unemployment benefits and labour force employment stimulation, as subsequently amended and supplemented
Germany: Employers obligation to provide skill development plans or training Germany Employers obligation to provide skill development plans or training Betriebsverfassungsgesetz Works Constitution Act
France: Employers obligation to provide skill development plans or training France Employers obligation to provide skill development plans or training Code du travail Labour code
Belgium: Employers obligation to provide skill development plans or training Belgium Employers obligation to provide skill development plans or training Loi du 5 mars 2017 loi concernant le travail faisable et maniable/Wet van 5 maart 2017 betreffende wendbaar en werkbaar werk Law of 5 March 2017 regarding workable, flexible work
Bulgaria: Employers obligation to provide skill development plans or training Bulgaria Employers obligation to provide skill development plans or training Кодекс на труда; Закон за насърчаване на заетостта Labour Code; Law of encouragement of employment
Portugal: Employers obligation to provide skill development plans or training Portugal Employers obligation to provide skill development plans or training Código do Trabalho; Lei n.º 105/2009, de 14 Setembro Labour code; Law 105/2009 of 14 September
Slovakia: Employers obligation to provide skill development plans or training Slovakia Employers obligation to provide skill development plans or training Zákonník práce Labour Code
Slovenia: Employers obligation to provide skill development plans or training Slovenia Employers obligation to provide skill development plans or training Zakon o delovnih razmerjih (ZDR-1) Employment Relationship Act (ZDR-1)
Estonia: Employers obligation to provide skill development plans or training Estonia Employers obligation to provide skill development plans or training Töölepingu seadus Employment Contracts Act
Finland: Employers obligation to provide skill development plans or training Finland Employers obligation to provide skill development plans or training Työsopimuslaki (55/2001), Laki yhteistoiminnasta yrityksissä (334/2007), Laki yhteistoiminnasta suomalaisissa ja yhteisönlaajuisissa yritysryhmissä (335/2007), Laki yhteistoiminnasta valtion virastossa ja laitoksissa (1233/2013), Laki […] yhteistoiminnasta kunnissa (449/2007) Employment Contracts Act (55/2001), Act on Cooperation within Undertakings (334/2007), Act on Cooperation within […] Groups of Undertakings (335/2007), Act on Cooperation within Government Agencies and Institutions (1233/2013), Act on Cooperation […] within Municipalities (449/2007)

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