EMCC European Monitoring Centre on Change

Restructuring related legislation

Eurofound’s ERM database on restructuring related legal regulations provides information on regulations in the Member States of the European Union and Norway which are explicitly or implicitly linked to anticipating and managing change. The database covers statutory rules, only, and does not include collective agreements or company-level initiatives. The regulations are described in terms of their content, thresholds, involved actors and who covers the cost (if applicable). The aim is to provide an easy possibility of a cross-national comparison of the main features of restructuring related legislation.

Eurofound aims to keep this information up to date and accurate. If errors are brought to our attention, we will try to correct them. However, Eurofound accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the information in this database. This information is:

  • of a general nature only and is not intended to address the specific circumstances of any particular individual or entity; not necessarily comprehensive, complete, accurate or up to date;
  • sometimes linked to external sites over which Eurofound services have no control and for which Eurofound assumes no responsibility;
  • not professional or legal advice (if specific advice is needed, a suitably qualified professional should be consulted).

Research carried out prior to the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union on 31 January 2020, and published subsequently, may include data relating to the 28 EU Member States. Following this date, research only takes into account the 27 EU Member States (EU28 minus the UK), unless specified otherwise.

486 items found

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Make your selection by using the filters below. Multiple selection and a combination of filters can be used.

  • CountryEU 27 + UK and Norway
  • Titlethe title is made up of the country name and type, for example: Austria: working time flexibility
  • PhaseEither anticipation or management
    • Anticipationrefers to activities that help to prepare workers or companies for change.
    • Managementcovers activities required to handle a current restructuring event while minimising social costs. It refers to the steps involved in implementing an organisational change process.
  • Typethe range includes, for example, provisions for collective dismissal, information/consultation obligations, notice periods and severance payments, training obligations for employers and employees and regulations concerning working time flexibility
  • Choose bywhether the regulation is obligatory in all circumstances or only for companies over a certain size or cases affecting a certain number of workers
  • Cost covered by
    • no specific additional costs are involved
    • costs covered by national or regional governments
    • cost covered by companies in general or the specific employer undergoing restructuring
    • cost covered by employees
  • Involved actorsincluding regional or local government, works councils, employers’ organisations, trade union or public employment services. The national government, as legislator, is assumed to be involved in all regulations so is not included as a filter option.
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Titel Country Typ Lokalt namnsortera i fallande ordning Engelskt namn
Poland: Notice period to employees Poland Notice period to employees Ustawa z dnia 26.06.1974 - Kodeks Pracy Act of 26.06.1974 - Labour Code
Poland: Staff information and consultation on business transfers Poland Staff information and consultation on business transfers Ustawa z dnia 26.06.1974 r. - Kodeks pracy; Ustawa z dnia 23.05.1991 o związkach zawodowych; Ustawa z dnia 23.04.1964 r. -Kodeks cywilny Act of 26.06.1974 - Labour Code; Act of 23.05.1991 on trade unions; Act of 23.04.1964 - Civil Code
Poland: Working time flexibility Poland Working time flexibility Ustawa z dnia 26.06.1974 r. - Kodeks pracy; Ustawa z dnia 11.10.2013 r. o szczególnych rozwiązaniach związanych z ochroną miejsc pracy Act of 26.06.1974 -Labour Code; Act of 11.10.2013 on special solutions related to the protection of jobs
Poland: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Poland Severance pay/redundancy compensation Ustawa z dnia 26.06.1974 r. -Kodeks pracy; Ustawa z dnia 13.03.2003 o szczególnych zasadach rozwiązywania z pracownikami stosunków pracy z przyczyn niedotyczących pracowników; Ustawa z dnia 21.08. 2004 r. o świadczeniach opieki zdrowotnej finansowanych ze środków publicznych; Ustawa z dnia 26.07.1991 r. o podatku dochodowym od osób fizycznych; Rozporządzenie Ministra Pracy i Polityki Społecznej z dnia 18.12.1998 r. w sprawie szczególnych zasad ustalania podstawy wymiaru składki na ubezpieczenie emerytalne i rentowe Act of 26.06.1974 -Labour Code; Act of 13.03.2003 on special principles of termination of employment contracts with employees for reasons not related to employees - 'Collective Dismissals Act'; Act of 21.08.2004 on publicly-funded health care services; Act of 26.07.1991 on the personal income tax; Regulation of the Minister of Labor and Social Policy of 18.12.1998 on the detailed rules for establishing the basis of assessment of pension contributions
Hungary: Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Hungary Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Üzemi tanács feladata és jogköre, 2012. évi I. törvény a Munka Törvénykönyvéről Act I of 2012 on the Labour Code, 'Tasks and authority of works council'
Finland: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Finland Severance pay/redundancy compensation Valtion virkamiesten eroraha-asetus (999/1994) Decree on State Officials' Severance Pay (999/1994)
Belgium: Rescue procedures in insolvency Belgium Rescue procedures in insolvency Wet houdende invoeging van het Boek XX van economisch recht 'Insolventie van ondernemingen' 11 August 2017/Loi portant insertion du Livre XX dans le Code de droit économique 'Insolvabilité des entreprises', 11 August 2017; Loi relative à la continuité des entreprises; Wet van 27 mei 2013 - Wet tot wijziging van verschillende wetgevingen inzake de continuïteit van de ondernemingen/Loi de 27 Mai 2013 - Loi modifiant diverses législations en matière de continuité des entreprises Book XX of the economic code 'Insolvency of Enterprises' of 11 August 2017; Act of 27 May 2013 to modify different laws with regards to the continuity of companies
Netherlands: Company incentives to deploy electric vehicles Netherlands Company incentives to deploy electric vehicles Wet inkomstenbelasting 2001 (2021) Income tax act 2001 (2021)
Netherlands: Definition of collective dismissal Netherlands Definition of collective dismissal Wet Melding Collectief Ontslag (WMCO) Collective Redundancy Notification Act
Netherlands: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Netherlands Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Wet melding collectief ontslag (WMCO); Wet op de ondernemingsraden (WOR); Wet Werk en Zekerheid (WWZ) Collective Redundancy (Notification) Act; Works Council Act; Work and Security Act
Netherlands: Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Netherlands Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Wet melding collectief ontslag; Wet op de ondernemingsraden; Burgerlijk Wetboek Collective redundancy notification act; Works council act; Civil code
Netherlands: Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Netherlands Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Wet op de ondernemingsraden (WOR); Wet Melding Collectief Ontslag (WMCO) Works council act; Collective Redundancy Notification Act
Netherlands: Staff information and consultation on business transfers Netherlands Staff information and consultation on business transfers Wet op de ondernemingsraden; Burgerlijk Wetboek Works Council Act; Civil Code
Netherlands: Working time flexibility Netherlands Working time flexibility Wet op flexibel werken; Law on flexible work;
Netherlands: Employment protection in relation to business transfers Netherlands Employment protection in relation to business transfers Wet Overgang Ondernemingen in Burgerlijk Wetboek; Wet op de collective arbeidsovereenkomst; Wet op de Ondernemingsraad; Wet op de Algemeen Verbindend Verklaring Law on business transfers in civil code; Collective labour agreements act; Works council act; Act on declaring a collective agreement binding
Netherlands: Redundant employees entitlement to public support Netherlands Redundant employees entitlement to public support Wet structuur uitvoering wet en inkomen (SUWI); Werkloosheidswet Act on the structure of implementation of work and income (SUWI act); Law on unemployment
Germany: Reemployment obligation after restructuring Germany Reemployment obligation after restructuring Wiedereinstellung Reemployment
Czechia: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Czechia Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Zákon č. 118/2000 Sb., o ochraně zaměstnanců při platební neschopnosti zaměstnavatele ve znění pozdějších předpisů; Zákon č. 182/2006 Sb., o úpadku a způsobech jeho řešení (insolvenční zákon ve znění pozdějších předpisů) Act No. 118/2000 Coll., on the protection of employees in the event of insolvency of their employer; Act No. 182/2006 Coll., on bankruptcy and settlement (Insolvency act)
Czechia: Rescue procedures in insolvency Czechia Rescue procedures in insolvency Zákon č. 182/2006 Sb., o úpadku a způsobech jeho řešení (insolvenční zákon) ve znění pozdějších předpisů Act No. 182/2006 Coll., on bankruptcy and settlement (insolvency act)
Czechia: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Czechia Severance pay/redundancy compensation Zákon č. 262/2006 Sb., Zákoník práce v posledním znění (novelizován v roku 2011 zákonem č. 365/2011 Sb.) Law No. 262/2006 Coll., Labour Code - latest edition (amended by Law No. 365/2011 Coll.)

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