EMCC European Monitoring Centre on Change

Restructuring related legislation

Eurofound’s ERM database on restructuring related legal regulations provides information on regulations in the Member States of the European Union and Norway which are explicitly or implicitly linked to anticipating and managing change. The database covers statutory rules, only, and does not include collective agreements or company-level initiatives. The regulations are described in terms of their content, thresholds, involved actors and who covers the cost (if applicable). The aim is to provide an easy possibility of a cross-national comparison of the main features of restructuring related legislation.

Eurofound aims to keep this information up to date and accurate. If errors are brought to our attention, we will try to correct them. However, Eurofound accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the information in this database. This information is:

  • of a general nature only and is not intended to address the specific circumstances of any particular individual or entity; not necessarily comprehensive, complete, accurate or up to date;
  • sometimes linked to external sites over which Eurofound services have no control and for which Eurofound assumes no responsibility;
  • not professional or legal advice (if specific advice is needed, a suitably qualified professional should be consulted).

Research carried out prior to the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union on 31 January 2020, and published subsequently, may include data relating to the 28 EU Member States. Following this date, research only takes into account the 27 EU Member States (EU28 minus the UK), unless specified otherwise.

486 items found


Make your selection by using the filters below. Multiple selection and a combination of filters can be used.

  • CountryEU 27 + UK and Norway
  • Titlethe title is made up of the country name and type, for example: Austria: working time flexibility
  • PhaseEither anticipation or management
    • Anticipationrefers to activities that help to prepare workers or companies for change.
    • Managementcovers activities required to handle a current restructuring event while minimising social costs. It refers to the steps involved in implementing an organisational change process.
  • Typethe range includes, for example, provisions for collective dismissal, information/consultation obligations, notice periods and severance payments, training obligations for employers and employees and regulations concerning working time flexibility
  • Choose bywhether the regulation is obligatory in all circumstances or only for companies over a certain size or cases affecting a certain number of workers
  • Cost covered by
    • no specific additional costs are involved
    • costs covered by national or regional governments
    • cost covered by companies in general or the specific employer undergoing restructuring
    • cost covered by employees
  • Involved actorsincluding regional or local government, works councils, employers’ organisations, trade union or public employment services. The national government, as legislator, is assumed to be involved in all regulations so is not included as a filter option.
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Titel Country Typsortera i stigande ordning Lokalt namn Engelskt namn
Latvia: Notice period to employees Latvia Notice period to employees Darba likums Labour law
Lithuania: Notice period to employees Lithuania Notice period to employees Darbo kodeksas Nr. XII-2603 Labour code No XII-2603
Luxembourg: Notice period to employees Luxembourg Notice period to employees Code du travail; Loi du 23 juillet 2015 portant réforme du dialogue social à l'intérieur des entreprises Labour Code; Law of 23 July 2015 reforming social dialogue within companies
Romania: Notice period to employees Romania Notice period to employees Codul muncii, Legea nr. 53/2003, republicată în Monitorul Oficial nr. 345 din 18 mai 2011 Labour Code, Law no. 53/2003, republished in the Official Gazette of Romania no. 345 dated 18 May 2011
Malta: Notice period to employees Malta Notice period to employees Kap. 452 - Att dwar l-Impiegi u r-Relazzjonijiet Industrijali, 2002; Leġislazzjoni Sussidjarja 452.80 - Regolamenti dwar Sensji Kollettivi (Harsien ta’ l-Impjiegi) (Avviż Legali 428 tal-2002, kif emendat bl-Avviż Legali 427 u 442 tal-2004) Cap. 452 - Employment and Industrial Relations Act, 2002; Subsidiary Legislation 452.80 - Collective Redundancies (Protection of Employment) Regulations (Legal Notice 428 of 2002, as amended by Legal Notices 427 and 442 of 2004)
Slovakia: Notice period to employees Slovakia Notice period to employees Zákonník práce Labour Code
Norway: Notice period to employees Norway Notice period to employees Arbeidsmiljøloven; Statsansatteloven Working Environment Act; State Employee Act
Spain: Notice period to employees Spain Notice period to employees Estatuto de los Trabajadores (ET); Real Decreto-ley 10/2010, de 16 de junio, de medidas urgentes para la reforma del mercado de trabajo Statute of Workers’ Rights; Royal Decree law 10/2010 of 16 June on urgent measures to reform the labour market
France: Notice period to employees France Notice period to employees Code du travail Labour Code
Greece: Notice period to employees Greece Notice period to employees -N. 4093/2012: Έγκριση Μεσοπρόθεσμου Πλαισίου Δημοσιονομικής Στρατηγικής 2013−2016 − Επείγοντα Μέτρα Εφαρμογής του ν. 4046/2012 και του Μεσοπρόθεσμου Πλαισίου Δημοσιονομικής Στρατηγικής 2013−2016 -N. 3863/2010: Νέο Ασφαλιστικό Σύστημα και συναφείς διατάξεις. Ρυθμίσεις στις Eργασιακές Σχέσεις; N. 3899/2010: Επείγοντα Μέτρα Εφαρμογής του Προγράμματος Στήριξης της Ελληνικής Οικονομίας; N. 4093/2012: Έγκριση Μεσοπρόθεσμου Πλαισίου Δημοσιονομικής Στρατηγικής 2013−2016 − Επείγοντα Μέτρα Εφαρμογής του ν. 4046/2012 και του Μεσοπρόθεσμου Πλαισίου Δημοσιονομικής Στρατηγικής 2013−2016 -Law 4093/2012: Adoption of the Medium-Term Fiscal Strategy 2013-2016 - Urgent Measures for the implementation of Law 4046/2012 and the Medium Term Financial Strategy 2013-2016 (Government Gazette A 222/12-11-2012) -Law 3863/2010: New Social Security System and relevant provisions. Regulations on Labour Relations; Law 3899/2010: Urgent measures to implement the programme to support the Greek economy; Law 4093/2012: Approval of the Medium-term Framework Fiscal Strategy 2013-2016 – Urgent Measures for the Implementation of Law 4046/2012 and the Medium-term Fiscal Strategy Framework 2013-2016
Belgium: Notice period to employees Belgium Notice period to employees Loi du 13 février 1998 portant des dispositions en faveur de l'emploi dite loi Renault/Wet van 13 februari 1998 houdende bepalingen tot bevordering van de tewerkstelling (Wet Renault) Law of 13 February 1998 regarding measures in favour of employment (so-called 'Renault Law')
Germany: Notice period to employees Germany Notice period to employees Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch (BGB); Heimarbeitsgesetz (HAG) Civil Code; Act on homework
Austria: Notice period to employees Austria Notice period to employees Angestelltengesetz (AngG); Allgemeines Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch (ABGB); Gewerbeordnung (GewO); Arbeitsmarktförderungsgesetz (AMFG) Employees Act (AngG); General Civil Code (ABGB); General Trade Act (GewO); Labour Market Promotion Act (AMFG)
Netherlands: Notice period to employees Netherlands Notice period to employees Burgerlijk Wetboek Civil code
Cyprus: Notice period to employees Cyprus Notice period to employees Ν. 28(I)/2001 - Ο περί Ομαδικών Απολύσεων Νόμος του 2001; Ν. 24/1967 - Ο περί Τερματισμού Απασχολήσεως Νόμος του 1967, όπως τροποποιήθηκε Collective Dismissals Law of 2001 (Law 28(I)/2001); Termination of Employment Law, 1967 (Law 24/1967) as amended
Sweden: Notice period to employees Sweden Notice period to employees Lag (1982:80) om Anställningsskydd Employment protection act (1982:80)
Croatia: Notice period to employees Croatia Notice period to employees Zakon o radu 93/2014, 127/17; Stečajni zakon 71/2015, 104/17; Pravilnik o sadržaju i obliku obrazaca na kojima se podnose podnesci u predstečajnom i stečajnom postupku 107/2015 Labour Act 93/2014, 127/17; Bankruptcy Act 71/2015, 104/17; Regulation on the contents and forms which are submitted in the pre-bankruptcy and bankruptcy procedure 107/2015
Denmark: Notice period to employees Denmark Notice period to employees Bekendtgørelse af lov om varsling m.v. i forbindelse med afskedigelser af større omfang (LBK nr 291 af 22/03/2010); Bekendtgørelse af lov om retsforholdet mellem arbejdsgivere og funktionærer (LBK nr 81 af 03/02/2009) Danish Act on Collective Redundancies (Consolidated Act no. 291 of 22 March 2010); Danish Act on the Legal Relationship between Employers and Salaried Employees (Consolidates Act no. 81 of 3 February 2009)
Estonia: Notice period to employees Estonia Notice period to employees Töölepingu seadus Employment Contracts Act
United Kingdom: Notice period to employees United Kingdom Notice period to employees Employment Rights Act 1996; Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 1992 Employment Rights Act 1996; Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 1992