EMCC European Monitoring Centre on Change

Restructuring related legislation

Eurofound’s ERM database on restructuring related legal regulations provides information on regulations in the Member States of the European Union and Norway which are explicitly or implicitly linked to anticipating and managing change. The database covers statutory rules, only, and does not include collective agreements or company-level initiatives. The regulations are described in terms of their content, thresholds, involved actors and who covers the cost (if applicable). The aim is to provide an easy possibility of a cross-national comparison of the main features of restructuring related legislation.

Eurofound aims to keep this information up to date and accurate. If errors are brought to our attention, we will try to correct them. However, Eurofound accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the information in this database. This information is:

  • of a general nature only and is not intended to address the specific circumstances of any particular individual or entity; not necessarily comprehensive, complete, accurate or up to date;
  • sometimes linked to external sites over which Eurofound services have no control and for which Eurofound assumes no responsibility;
  • not professional or legal advice (if specific advice is needed, a suitably qualified professional should be consulted).

Research carried out prior to the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union on 31 January 2020, and published subsequently, may include data relating to the 28 EU Member States. Following this date, research only takes into account the 27 EU Member States (EU28 minus the UK), unless specified otherwise.

486 items found

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Make your selection by using the filters below. Multiple selection and a combination of filters can be used.

  • CountryEU 27 + UK and Norway
  • Titlethe title is made up of the country name and type, for example: Austria: working time flexibility
  • PhaseEither anticipation or management
    • Anticipationrefers to activities that help to prepare workers or companies for change.
    • Managementcovers activities required to handle a current restructuring event while minimising social costs. It refers to the steps involved in implementing an organisational change process.
  • Typethe range includes, for example, provisions for collective dismissal, information/consultation obligations, notice periods and severance payments, training obligations for employers and employees and regulations concerning working time flexibility
  • Choose bywhether the regulation is obligatory in all circumstances or only for companies over a certain size or cases affecting a certain number of workers
  • Cost covered by
    • no specific additional costs are involved
    • costs covered by national or regional governments
    • cost covered by companies in general or the specific employer undergoing restructuring
    • cost covered by employees
  • Involved actorsincluding regional or local government, works councils, employers’ organisations, trade union or public employment services. The national government, as legislator, is assumed to be involved in all regulations so is not included as a filter option.
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Titel Country Typsortera i stigande ordning Lokalt namn Engelskt namn
Ireland: Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Ireland Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Protection of employment act, 1977 (as amended by S.I. No. 370/1996 Protection of employment order 1996 and S.I. No. 488/2000 Protection of employment regulations 2000); Protection of employment (exceptional collective redundancies and related matters) act, 2007 Protection of employment act, 1977 (as amended by S.I. No. 370/1996 Protection of employment order 1996 and S.I. No. 488/2000 Protection of employment regulations 2000); Protection of employment (exceptional collective redundancies and related matters) act, 2007
Bulgaria: Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Bulgaria Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Кодекс на труда, Закон за насърчаване на заетостта Labour code, Employment promotion act
Germany: Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Germany Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Kündigungsschutzgesetz Employment Protection Act
Spain: Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Spain Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Estatuto de los Trabajadores (ET); Ley 36/2011, de 10 de octubre, reguladora de la jurisdicción social; Ley 3/2012, de 6 de julio, de medidas urgentes para la reforma del mercado laboral; Real Decreto 11/2013, de 2 de agosto, para la protección de los trabajadores a tiempo parcial y otras medidas urgentes en el orden económico y social Statute of Workers’ Rights; Law 36/2011 of 10 October that regulates the social jurisdiction; Law 3/2012 of 6 July on urgent measures to reform the labour market; Royal Decree law 11/2013 of 2 August for the protection of part-time workers and other measures in the economic and social field
Italy: Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Italy Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Legge 23 luglio 1991, n. 223, Norme in materia di cassa integrazione, mobilità, trattamenti di disoccupazione, attuazione di direttive della Comunità europea, avviamento al lavoro ed altre disposizioni in materia di mercato del lavoro; Legge 28 giugno 2012, n. 92, Disposizioni in materia di riforma del mercato del lavoro in una prospettiva di crescita; Decreto Legislativo 4 marzo 2015, n. 23. Disposizioni in materia di contratto di lavoro a tempo indeterminato a tutele crescenti; Decreto legge 12 luglio 2018, n. 87, Disposizioni urgenti per la dignita' dei lavoratori e delle imprese Law 23 July 1991, no. 223, Rules on the Wage Guarantee Fund, redundancies, unemployment benefits, enforcement of European directives, job placement, and other labour market provisions; Law of 28 June 2012, n. 92, Provisions on labor market reform with a view to growth; Legislative Decree 4 March 2015, no. 23. Provisions on the open-ended employment contract with growing protections; Decree Law 12 July 2018, n. 87, Urgent provisions for the dignity of workers and businesses
Greece: Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Greece Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Νόμος 4611/2019: Ρύθμιση οφειλών προς τους Φορείς Κοινωνικής Ασφάλισης, τη Φορολογική Διοίκηση και τους Ο.Τ.Α. α΄ βαθμού, Συνταξιοδοτικές Ρυθμίσεις Δημοσίου και λοιπές ασφαλιστικές και συνταξιοδοτικές διατάξεις, ενίσχυση της προστασίας των εργαζομένων και άλλες διατάξεις (ΦΕΚ Α' 73/17.05.2019 και Α' 75/22-05-2019); Νόμος 3996/2011ΑΝΑΜΟΡΦΩΣΗ ΤΟΥ ΣΩΜΑΤΟΣ ΕΠΙΘΕΩΡΗΣΗΣ ΕΡΓΑΣΙΑΣ, ΡΥΘΜΙΣΕΙΣ ΘΕΜΑΤΩΝ ΚΟΙΝΩΝΙΚΗΣ ΑΣΦΑΛΙΣΗΣ ΚΑΙ ΑΛΛΕΣ ΔΙΑΤΑΞΕΙΣ; Νόμος Υπ' Αριθ. 3850 / 2010: Κύρωση του Κώδικα νόμων για την υγεία και την ασφάλεια των εργαζομένων; Νόμος1387/1983 – Έλεγχος Ομαδικών Απολύσεων και άλλες διατάξεις Law 4611/2019: Settlement of debts to social security institutions, the tax administration, and first-level local authorities; pension regulations for civil servants, and other insurance and pension provisions, strengthening the employees’ protection and other provisions (OJHR A 73/17.05.2019 and A 75/22-05-2019); Law 3996/2011 reforming the labour inspection body, social security regulations and other provisions; Law 3850 of 2010 ratifying the code of laws related to occupational safety and health; Law 1387/1983 on collective dismissals
Sweden: Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Sweden Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Lag (1982:80) om Anställningsskydd Employment protection act (1982:80)
United Kingdom: Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations United Kingdom Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations The Collective Redundancies and Transfer of Undertakings (Protection of Employment) (Amendment) Regulations 1995; Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 1992 The Collective Redundancies and Transfer of Undertakings (Protection of Employment) (Amendment) Regulations 1995; Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 1992
Latvia: Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Latvia Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Darba likums Labour Law
Hungary: Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Hungary Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations 2012. évi I. törvény a Munka Törvénykönyvéről Act I of 2012 on the Labour Code
Lithuania: Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Lithuania Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Darbo kodeksas Nr. XII-2603, Administracinių nusižengimų kodeksas Nr. XII-1869 Labour code No XII-2603, Code of administrative offences No XII-1869
Denmark: Definition of collective dismissal Denmark Definition of collective dismissal Bekendtgørelse af lov om varsling m.v. i forbindelse med varsling af større afskedigelser (LBK nr 291 af 22/03/2010) The Danish Act on Collective Redundancies (Consolidation Act no. 291 of 22 March 2010)
Portugal: Definition of collective dismissal Portugal Definition of collective dismissal Código do Trabalho Labour Code
Czechia: Definition of collective dismissal Czechia Definition of collective dismissal Zákoník práce, zákon č. 262/2006 Sb. Labour Code (Law No. 262/2006 Coll.)
Romania: Definition of collective dismissal Romania Definition of collective dismissal Codul muncii, Legea nr. 53/2003, republicată în Monitorul Oficial nr. 345 din 18 mai 2011 Labour Code, Law no. 53/2003, republished in the Official Gazette of Romania no. 345 dated 18 May 2011
Austria: Definition of collective dismissal Austria Definition of collective dismissal Arbeitsmarktförderungsgesetz (AMFG) Labour Market Promotion Act (AMFG)
France: Definition of collective dismissal France Definition of collective dismissal Code du travail Labour code
Slovakia: Definition of collective dismissal Slovakia Definition of collective dismissal Zákonník práce Labour code
Belgium: Definition of collective dismissal Belgium Definition of collective dismissal Loi du 13 février 1998 portant des dispositions en faveur de l'emploi dite loi Renault (M B. du 19/2/1998)/Wet of 13 februari 1998 houdende bepalingen tot bevordering van de tewerkstelling Law of 13 February 1998 regarding measures in favour of employment (so-called 'Renault Law')
Sweden: Definition of collective dismissal Sweden Definition of collective dismissal Lag (1982:80) om Anställningsskydd Employment protection act (1982:80)

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