EMCC European Monitoring Centre on Change

Restructuring related legislation

Eurofound’s ERM database on restructuring related legal regulations provides information on regulations in the Member States of the European Union and Norway which are explicitly or implicitly linked to anticipating and managing change. The database covers statutory rules, only, and does not include collective agreements or company-level initiatives. The regulations are described in terms of their content, thresholds, involved actors and who covers the cost (if applicable). The aim is to provide an easy possibility of a cross-national comparison of the main features of restructuring related legislation.

Eurofound aims to keep this information up to date and accurate. If errors are brought to our attention, we will try to correct them. However, Eurofound accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the information in this database. This information is:

  • of a general nature only and is not intended to address the specific circumstances of any particular individual or entity; not necessarily comprehensive, complete, accurate or up to date;
  • sometimes linked to external sites over which Eurofound services have no control and for which Eurofound assumes no responsibility;
  • not professional or legal advice (if specific advice is needed, a suitably qualified professional should be consulted).

Research carried out prior to the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union on 31 January 2020, and published subsequently, may include data relating to the 28 EU Member States. Following this date, research only takes into account the 27 EU Member States (EU28 minus the UK), unless specified otherwise.

486 items found

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  • CountryEU 27 + UK and Norway
  • Titlethe title is made up of the country name and type, for example: Austria: working time flexibility
  • PhaseEither anticipation or management
    • Anticipationrefers to activities that help to prepare workers or companies for change.
    • Managementcovers activities required to handle a current restructuring event while minimising social costs. It refers to the steps involved in implementing an organisational change process.
  • Typethe range includes, for example, provisions for collective dismissal, information/consultation obligations, notice periods and severance payments, training obligations for employers and employees and regulations concerning working time flexibility
  • Choose bywhether the regulation is obligatory in all circumstances or only for companies over a certain size or cases affecting a certain number of workers
  • Cost covered by
    • no specific additional costs are involved
    • costs covered by national or regional governments
    • cost covered by companies in general or the specific employer undergoing restructuring
    • cost covered by employees
  • Involved actorsincluding regional or local government, works councils, employers’ organisations, trade union or public employment services. The national government, as legislator, is assumed to be involved in all regulations so is not included as a filter option.
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Titel Countrysortera i stigande ordning Typ Lokalt namn Engelskt namn
Romania: Staff information and consultation on business transfers Romania Staff information and consultation on business transfers Legea nr. 67/2006 privind protectia drepturilor salariatilor in cazul transferului intreprinderii, al unitatii sau al unor parti ale acestora, publicata in Monitorul Oficial al Romaniei, nr. 276 din 28 martie 2006 Law no. 67/2006 regarding the transfer of undertakings, businesses, or parts of undertakings or businesses, published in the Official Gazette of Romania, no. 276 of 28 March 2006
Portugal: Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Portugal Staff information and consultation on restructuring plans Código do Trabalho Labour Code
Portugal: Employment protection in relation to business transfers Portugal Employment protection in relation to business transfers Código do Trabalho (Transmissão de empresa ou estabelecimento), alterado pela Lei 14/2018 de 20 de março (Altera o regime jurídico aplicável à transmissão de empresa ou estabelecimento e reforça os direitos dos trabalhadores, procedendo à décima terceira alteração ao Código do Trabalho) Labour code (transfer of undertaking) amended by Law 14/2018 of 20 March (Changes the legal regime applicable to the transfer of business or establishment and reinforces the rights of workers, making the 13th amendement to the labor code)
Portugal: Employees obligation to undertake training Portugal Employees obligation to undertake training Código do trabalho Labour Code
Portugal: Company incentives to deploy electric vehicles Portugal Company incentives to deploy electric vehicles Lei da Fiscalidade Verde (Lei 82-D/2014 de 31 de Dezembro); Despacho 2535/2021 of 5 March Green Tax Law (Law 82-D/2014 of 31 December): Order 2535/2021 of 5 March
Portugal: Staff information and consultation on business transfers Portugal Staff information and consultation on business transfers Código do Trabalho, Lei 7/2009 de 12 de Fevereiro, alterado pela lei 18/2021 de 8 de Abril Labour Code - Law 7/2009 of 12 February, amended by Law 18/2021 of 8 April
Portugal: Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Portugal Public authorities information and consultation on dismissals Código do trabalho Labour Code
Portugal: Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Portugal Effects of non-compliance with dismissal regulations Código do trabalho Labour Code
Portugal: Time off for job search Portugal Time off for job search Código do Trabalho Labour Code
Portugal: Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Portugal Selection of employees for (collective) dismissals Código do Trabalho; Lei 27/2014 de 8 de Maio de 2014 Labour Code; Law 27/2014 of 8 May 2014
Portugal: Definition of collective dismissal Portugal Definition of collective dismissal Código do Trabalho Labour Code
Portugal: Rescue procedures in insolvency Portugal Rescue procedures in insolvency Código da Insolvência e da Recuperação de Empresas (CIRE); Decreto-Lei n.º 53/2004, alterado pela Lei 6/2018 de 22 de Fevereiro - estabelece o estatuto do mediador de recuperação de empresas e pela Lei 8/2018 de 2 de Março - Regime Extrajudicial de Recuperação de Empresas Insolvency and business recovery code; Decree Law no. 53/2004, amended by Law 6/2018 of 22 February - establishes the business recovery mediator and by Law 8/2018 of 2 March - Extrajudicial recovery procedure
Portugal: Working time flexibility Portugal Working time flexibility Código do trabalho; Decreto-Lei 220/2006 de 3 Novembro Labour code; Decree-Law 220/2006 of 3 November
Portugal: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Portugal Severance pay/redundancy compensation Código do Trabalho; Lei 69/2013, de 30 de Agosto; Decreto-Lei 210/2015 de 25 Setembro; Lei 70/2013 de 30 Agosto Labour Code; Law 69/2013 of 30 August; Decree-Law 210/2015 of 25 September; Law 70/2013 of 30 August
Portugal: Notice period to employees Portugal Notice period to employees Código do Trabalho Labour Code
Portugal: Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Portugal Wage guarantee in case of insolvency Código do Trabalho; Lei 71/2018 de 31 de Dezembro; Lei 210/2015 de 25 de Setembro Labour code; Law 71/2018 of 31 December; Law 210/2015 of 25 September
Portugal: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Portugal Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Código do Trabalho Labour Code
Portugal: Employers obligation to provide skill development plans or training Portugal Employers obligation to provide skill development plans or training Código do Trabalho; Lei n.º 105/2009, de 14 Setembro, alterado pela Lei 93/2019 de 4 de Setembro Labour code; Law 105/2009 of 14 September, amended by Law 93/2019 of 4 September
Poland: Severance pay/redundancy compensation Poland Severance pay/redundancy compensation Ustawa z dnia 26.06.1974 r. -Kodeks pracy; Ustawa z dnia 13.03.2003 o szczególnych zasadach rozwiązywania z pracownikami stosunków pracy z przyczyn niedotyczących pracowników; Ustawa z dnia 21.08. 2004 r. o świadczeniach opieki zdrowotnej finansowanych ze środków publicznych; Ustawa z dnia 26.07.1991 r. o podatku dochodowym od osób fizycznych; Rozporządzenie Ministra Pracy i Polityki Społecznej z dnia 18.12.1998 r. w sprawie szczególnych zasad ustalania podstawy wymiaru składki na ubezpieczenie emerytalne i rentowe Act of 26.06.1974 -Labour Code; Act of 13.03.2003 on special principles of termination of employment contracts with employees for reasons not related to employees - 'Collective Dismissals Act'; Act of 21.08.2004 on publicly-funded health care services; Act of 26.07.1991 on the personal income tax; Regulation of the Minister of Labor and Social Policy of 18.12.1998 on the detailed rules for establishing the basis of assessment of pension contributions
Poland: Definition of collective dismissal Poland Definition of collective dismissal Ustawa z dnia 13.03.2003 r. o szczególnych zasadach rozwiązywania z pracownikami stosunków pracy z przyczyn niedotyczących pracowników Act of 13.03.2003 on special principles of termination of employment contracts with employees for reasons not related to employees - 'Collective Dismissals Act'

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