New forms of employment

Report
Uppdaterad
21 oktober 2015
Publicerad
12 mars 2015
pdf
Format
Executive summary in 22 languages
Ladda ned

Sammanfattning

Across Europe, new forms of employment are emerging that are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. Some transform the relationship between employer and employee, some change work organisation and work patterns, and some do both. This report identifiesRead more

Across Europe, new forms of employment are emerging that are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. Some transform the relationship between employer and employee, some change work organisation and work patterns, and some do both. This report identifies nine forms of employment that are new or have become increasingly important in Europe since the year 2000. While there is wide diversity in terms of their characteristics and employment relationship, all the forms aim to increase flexibility for employers and/or employees. Although some have the potential to benefit employers and employees equally, in a few cases concerns have been raised about their impact on working conditions and the labour market. The report concludes with recommendations about the need to raise awareness of the potential problems and establish safety nets for workers. 

Read less

Format

  • Rapport

    Antal sidor: 
    168
    Referensnummer: 
    EF1461
    ISBN: 
    978-92-897-1594-2
    Katalognummer: 
    TJ-02-17-722-EN-N
    DOI: 
    10.2806/937385
    Catalogue info

    New forms of employment

    Across Europe, new forms of employment are emerging that are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. Some transform the relationship between employer and employee, some change work organisation and work patterns, and some do both. This report identifies nine forms of employment that are new or have become increasingly important in Europe since the year 2000.

    Format

  • Executive summary

    Number of pages: 
    2
    Referensnummer: 
    EF14611
    Catalogue info

    Nya anställningsformer

    Författare: 
    Eurofound

    I hela Europa växer nya anställningsformer fram som på flera sätt skiljer sig från traditionella anställningsformer, däribland även de som inte var av standardtyp. En del av dessa nya anställningsformer förändrar förhållandet mellan arbetsgivare och anställd, andra ändrar arbetsorganisationen och arbetsmönstren, och en del får effekter i båda avseendena. I projektet har nio anställningsformer identifierats som är nya eller har fått ökad betydelse i Europa sedan omkring år 2000. De är visserligen olikartade men alla ökar flexibiliteten för arbetsgivare, för arbetstagare eller för bådadera. Några av dem har potential att vara fördelaktiga för både arbetsgivare och arbetstagare, men flera av dem väcker farhågor om effekterna för arbetsvillkoren och arbetsmarknaden. I rapporten ges politiska rekommendationer om att öka medvetenheten om potentiella problem och införa skyddsnät för arbetstagarna.

    Finns för nedladdning på 22 språk

    Ladda ned
  • Working papers

    Related working papers

    • Policy analysis
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Number of pages
      20
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15065
    • AGZ Südbrandenburg
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Number of pages
      13
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15001
    • Hewlett-Packard Norway
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Rosenvinge Ervik, Marthe
      Number of pages
      9
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15033
    • Gorizia municipality
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Rustico, Lisa
      Number of pages
      10
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15044
    • Fédération Isocel
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Lang, Carole
      Number of pages
      9
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15012
    • Plant nursery
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Caicedo, Elma; Melkūnaitė, Laura
      Number of pages
      10
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15055
    • Adtriboo.com
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Number of pages
      12
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15023
    • Policy analysis
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Number of pages
      12
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15066
    • Policy analysis
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Number of pages
      18
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15002
    • Faculty of Social Sciences at the University of Ljubljana
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Number of pages
      9
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15034
    • Policy analysis
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Rustico, Lisa
      Number of pages
      11
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15045
    • Policy analysis
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Lang, Carole; Turlan, Frédéric; Bruggeman, Frédéric
      Number of pages
      26
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15013
    • Policy analysis
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Caicedo, Elma; Gineikytė, Vaida
      Number of pages
      10
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15056
    • Academy of Ideas
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Romele, Linda
      Number of pages
      10
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15024
    • Exploring the transferability of the employment form
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Number of pages
      11
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15067
    • Job’ Ardent
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Number of pages
      9
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15003
    • Engbergs Transportsystem
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Number of pages
      6
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15035
    • Slivers of Time
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Grimshaw, Damian; Cartwright, Jo
      Number of pages
      14
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15046
    • Two IT firms
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Gábor, Kártyás; Pázmány, Péter
      Number of pages
      10
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15014
    • Plastic packaging company
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Gábor, Kártyás; Pázmány, Péter
      Number of pages
      9
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15057
    • Idea Hunting
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Perista, Heloísa; Carrilho, Paula
      Number of pages
      9
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15025
    • Policy analysis
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Ramioul, Monique; Naedenoen, Frédéric
      Number of pages
      19
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15004
    • Office of Town District Prague 9
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Number of pages
      8
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15036
    • Local government contracting of social care
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Rubery, Jill; Johnson, Mathew
      Number of pages
      17
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15047
    • Policy analysis
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Gábor, Kártyás; Pázmány, Péter
      Number of pages
      20
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15015
    • Policy analysis
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Gábor, Kártyás; Pázmány, Péter
      Number of pages
      15
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15058
    • Amazon Mechanical Turk
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Bergvall-Kareborn, Birgitta; Howcroft, Debra
      Number of pages
      12
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15026
    • Personal Connect and Manpower
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Number of pages
      7
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15005
    • Lingjob
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Caicedo, Elma; Gineikytė, Vaida
      Number of pages
      10
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15016
    • Clock Advertising
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Presada, Florina
      Number of pages
      9
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15059
    • Taskhub
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Bergvall-Kareborn, Birgitta; Howcroft, Debra
      Number of pages
      11
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15027
    • Human Garden and Nemos Sokolov
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Number of pages
      7
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15006
    • University Medical Centre Ljubljana
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Number of pages
      8
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15038
    • Werkheim
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Number of pages
      11
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15049
    • Textilcord and SolarWood
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Flipo, Aurore; Turlan, Frédéric
      Number of pages
      7
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15017
    • Policy analysis
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Presada, Florina
      Number of pages
      12
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15060
    • Grontmij
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Nielsen, Helle Ourø; Høgenhaven Larsen, Sanna
      Number of pages
      8
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15028
    • Policy analysis
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Number of pages
      6
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15007
    • Policy analysis
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Number of pages
      7
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15039
    • Policy analysis
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Number of pages
      12
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15050
    • ArcelorMittal
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Flipo, Aurore
      Number of pages
      11
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15018
    • Company Case Study Ireland
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      O’Brien, Nolan
      Number of pages
      7
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15061
    • Suomen Pienyrittäjäin Mainostoimisto
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Vesala, Hanne
      Number of pages
      10
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15029
    • Andelslag Labour Pool
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Vesala, Hanne
      Number of pages
      12
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15008
    • Hospital Piešťany
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Kahancová, Marta; Sedláková, Mária
      Number of pages
      9
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15040
    • Utopic_US
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Number of pages
      13
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15051
    • Policy analysis
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Lang, Carole
      Number of pages
      7
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15019
    • Policy analysis
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      O’Brien, Nolan
      Number of pages
      8
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15062
    • Microsoft Hellas
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Lampousaki, Sofia
      Number of pages
      8
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15030
    • AdPartners
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Flipo, Aurore
      Number of pages
      8
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15009
    • Policy analysis
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Kahancová, Marta; Sedláková, Mária
      Number of pages
      13
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15041
    • Policy analysis
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Number of pages
      11
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15052
    • Topdesigner.cz
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Number of pages
      7
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15020
    • Anonymous care organisations
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Rossen, Lieselotte; Warmerdam, John; Vermeulen, Hedwig
      Number of pages
      10
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15063
    • Belam Riga
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Romele, Linda
      Number of pages
      7
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15031
    • Policy analysis
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Lang, Carole
      Number of pages
      11
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15010
    • Landelijk Dienstencoöperatief
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Ramioul, Monique; Van Peteghem, Jan
      Number of pages
      12
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15042
    • West SA
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Kyriakidou, Olivia
      Number of pages
      10
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15053
    • Clickworker
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Westhäußer, Katharina
      Number of pages
      14
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15021
    • Policy analysis
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Rossen, Lieselotte; Warmerdam, John; Vermeulen, Hedwig
      Number of pages
      15
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15064
    • YoungCapital
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Rossen, Lieselotte; Warmerdam, John; Vermeulen, Hedwig
      Number of pages
      10
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15032
    • Policy analysis
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Van Peteghem, Jan; Ramioul, Monique
      Number of pages
      15
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15043
    • Groupement d’employeurs Île de Noirmoutier–Île d’Yeu
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Lang, Carole
      Number of pages
      10
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15011
    • Policy analysis
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Kyriakidou, Olivia
      Number of pages
      13
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15054
    • Boblr
      Case study
      21 oktober 2015
      Författare
      Nielsen, Helle Ourø; Høgenhaven Larsen, Sanna
      Number of pages
      7
      Referensnummer
      WPEF15022
  • Case studies

    The ‘New forms of employment’ report is based on 67 individual case studies from across Europe that represent a variety of employment forms. The cases studies either deal with a specific employer-worker relationship or comprise a policy analysis (legislation or collective agreement, public support instrument). The list below details the case studies. For the report on strategic employee sharing, the case studies on the policy analysis in Germany, Belgium, France, Hungary and Austria for this employment form have been updated, and an additional case study on Ireland has been conducted.

    No. Employment form Country Type of case study
    1 Employee sharing Germany AGZ Südbrandenburg
    2 Employee sharing Germany Policy analysis
    3 Employee sharing Belgium JobArdent
    4 Employee sharing Belgium Policy analysis
    5 Interim management Czech Republic Personal Connect and Manpower
    6 Interim management Czech Republic Human Garden and Nemos Sokolov
    7 Employee sharing Czech Republic Policy analysis
    8 Employee sharing Finland Andelslag
    9 Collaborative employment France AdPartners
    10 Collaborative employment France Policy analysis
    11 Employee sharing France Île de Noirmoutier - Île d'Yeu
    12 Employee sharing France Fédération Isocel
    13 Employee sharing France Policy analysis
    14 Employee sharing Hungary Two IT firms
    15 Employee sharing Hungary Policy analysis
    16 Platform work Lithuania LingJob
    17 Employee sharing Luxembourg Textilcord and SolarWood
    18 Employee sharing Luxembourg ArcelorMittal
    19 Employee sharing Luxembourg Policy analysis
    20 Platform work Czech Republic Topdesigner.cz
    21 Platform work Germany Clickworker
    22 Platform work Denmark Boblr
    23 Platform work Spain Adtriboo
    24 Platform work Latvia Academy of Ideas
    25 Platform work Portugal Idea Hunting
    26 Platform work United Kingdom Amazon Mechanical Turk
    27 Platform work United Kingdom Taskhub
    28 ICT-based mobile work Denmark Grontmij
    29 ICT-based mobile work Finland Suomen Pienyrittäjäin Mainostoimisto
    30 ICT-based mobile work Greece Microsoft Hellas
    31 ICT-based mobile work Latvia Belam-Riga
    32 ICT-based mobile work The Netherlands YoungCapital
    33 ICT-based mobile work Norway Hewlett-Packard Norway
    34 ICT-based mobile work Slovenia Faculty of Social Sciences at the University of Ljubljana
    35 ICT-based mobile work Sweden Engbergs Transportsystem
    36 Job sharing Czech Republic Town District Prague 9
    37 Job sharing Poland Krakow Regional Labour Office
    38 Job sharing Slovenia University Medical Centre Ljubljana
    39 Job sharing Slovenia Policy analysis
    40 Casual work Slovakia Piešťany Hospital
    41 Job sharing, casual work Slovakia Policy analysis
    42 Voucher-based work Belgium Landelijk Dienstencoöperatief
    43 Voucher-based work Belgium Policy analysis
    44 Voucher-based work Italy Municipality of Gorizia
    45 Voucher-based work Italy Policy analysis
    46 Casual work United Kingdom Slivers of Time
    47 Casual work United Kingdom Local government contracting of social care
    48 Casual work United Kingdom Policy analysis
    49 Collaborative employment Germany Werkheim Hamburg
    50 Collaborative employment Germany Policy analysis
    51 Collaborative employment Spain Utopic_US
    52 Collaborative employment Spain Policy analysis
    53 Voucher-based work Greece West SA
    54 Voucher-based work Greece Policy analysis
    55 Voucher-based work Lithuania Plant nursery
    56 Voucher-based work Lithuania Policy analysis
    57 Casual work Hungary Plastic packaging company
    58 Casual work Hungary Policy analysis
    59 Casual work Romania Clock Advertising
    60 Casual work Romania Policy analysis
    61 Casual work Ireland Company case study
    62 Casual work Ireland Policy analysis
    63 Casual work The Netherlands Childcare company
    64 Casual work The Netherlands Policy analysis
    65 Employee sharing Austria Policy analysis
    66 Voucher-based work Austria Policy analysis
    67 Employee sharing Ireland Exploring the transferability of the employment form

Case studies published alongside this report have not been subject to the full Eurofound evaluation, editorial and publication process.

Part of the series

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

Useful? Interesting? Tell us what you think. Hide comments

Lägg till ny kommentar