Labour market change

European Jobs Monitor 2019: Shifts in the employment structure at regional level

Report
Uppdaterad
07 oktober 2019
Publicerad
07 oktober 2019
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Executive summary in 22 languages

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Sammanfattning

Accumulating evidence indicates that large metropolitan centres are faring much better than other regions within the Member States of the EU. Such interregional inequality contributes to disenchantment with existing political systems, which in turn can weaken the social bonds that ground democratic systems. This is the context for the 2019 edition of the European Jobs Monitor, which analyses shifts in the employment structure – meaning change in the distribution of employment across occupations and sectors – of the EU regions. The analysis covers 130 regions of 9 Member States, which together account for nearly 4 out of 5 EU workers. The study finds that, while Member States are becoming more similar in their employment structures, regions within the same country are becoming more disparate. It also finds that cities have a disproportionately high share of well-paid, high-skilled services employment alongside growth in low-paid employment. The findings support continued EU regional policy assistance of regions in danger of being left behind. 

  • Full report

    Number of Pages: 
    100
    Reference No: 
    EF19036
    ISBN: 
    978-92-897-1982-7
    Catalogue: 
    TJ-AN-19-001-EN-N
    DOI: 
    10.2806/508084
    Catalogue info

    European Jobs Monitor 2019: Shifts in the employment structure at regional level

    Accumulating evidence indicates that large metropolitan centres are faring much better than other regions within the Member States of the EU. Such interregional inequality contributes to disenchantment with existing political systems, which in turn can weaken the social bonds that ground democratic systems. This is the context for the 2019 edition of the European Jobs Monitor, which analyses shifts in the employment structure – meaning change in the distribution of employment across occupations and sectors – of the EU regions.

  • Executive summary

    Reference No: 
    EF190361
    Catalogue info

    European Jobs Monitor 2019: Förändringar av sysselsättningsstrukturen på regional nivå

    Authors: 
    Eurofound

    Det finns en växande mängd belägg för att stora storstadsområden klarar sig mycket bättre än andra regioner i EU:s medlemsstater. Sådan ojämlikhet regioner emellan bidrar till besvikelse över de befintliga politiska systemen, vilket i sin tur kan försvaga de sociala band som ligger till grund för demokratiska system. Detta utgör bakgrunden till 2019 års upplaga av European Jobs Monitor, som innehåller en analys av sysselsättningsstrukturens förändringar – dvs förändringarna av sysselsättningens fördelning mellan yrken och sektorer – bland EU:s regioner. Analysen omfattar 130 regioner i 9 medlemsstater som tillsammans står för nästan fyra femtedelar av EU:s arbetstagare. Av studien framgår att även om medlemsstaterna blir alltmer likartade sett till sysselsättningsstrukturen blir skillnaderna mellan regioner inom ett och samma land allt större. Det framgår också att städer har en oproportionerligt hög andel välavlönade, högkvalificerade tjänster parallellt med en tillväxt inom lågavlönade arbeten. Resultaten utgör ett belägg för att EU ska fortsätta med sitt regionalpolitiska stöd till regioner som riskerar att hamna på efterkälken.

    Available in 22 languages for download

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  • Data

Part of the series

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

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