Browse publications

Latest publications

  • Article
    27 april 1997

    On 8 April 1997, Jacques Barrot, the Minister for Employment, gave the press
    a preview of the forthcoming legislation on the reduction of social security
    contributions and the statutory working week. Among the subjects dealt with
    will be a revision of existing legislation on banning women from working at
    night, which Mr Barrot deems necessary.

  • Article
    27 april 1997

    On 9 April 1997, the telecommunication conglomerate Deutsche Telekom AG and
    the Deutsche Postgewerkschaft (DPG) postal workers' union signed a package of
    enterprise-level collective agreements for the employees at the Telekom
    subsidiary Deutsche Telekom Mobilnet GmbH (DeTeMobil). After five months of
    negotiations, this package represents the first such collective agreement in
    the mobile telephony industry since the beginning of the step-by-step
    liberalisation of the telecommunications sector.

  • Article
    27 april 1997

    Pay for 15,000 newspaper distributors has been increased by SEK 2.75 per hour
    retrospectively from 1 January 1997 and by SEK 0.45 from 1 August 1997,
    according to the new collective agreement between the Swedish Publishers'
    Association and the Swedish Transport Workers' Union. The agreement runs for
    one year. A novel feature of the agreement is that employees from now on have
    undertaken to distribute periodicals and other items of mail together with
    the newspapers. The employers have thus achieved one of their important

  • Article
    27 april 1997

    In a recent report (/Social Europe/ 4/96, published in March/April 1997), the
    European Commission assesses the progress towards the achievement of the
    goals of the medium-term social action programme covering the period between
    1995-7. This social action programme, adopted in April 1995, is seen by the
    Commission as marking a breakthrough for new ideas and policies. The basic
    concept underlying the programme is that social policy is a productive factor
    facilitating change and progress, rather than a burden on the economy or an
    obstacle to growth.

  • Article
    27 mars 1997

    The announcement by the French auto manufacturer, Renault, of the closure of
    its plant with a workforce of 3,100 in Vilvorde in the Flanders region of
    Belgium, has caused a wave of indignation throughout Europe. The closure is
    part of a European restructuring project which also includes the axing of
    2,800 jobs in France. The response by the unions, of an unusually rapid and
    massive nature, took the form of strikes in all the group's European plants,
    and a series of joint demonstrations.

  • Article
    27 mars 1997

    Portugal's major Lisnave shipyards are being privatised. New industrial
    readjustment and work organisation strategies are reforming human resource
    management and training standards. However, in a company that has strong
    trade union traditions, discussions with employee representatives on
    restructuring have been conducted in a relatively formal and
    institutionalised way, with little participative input from the employees
    concerned themselves.

  • Article
    27 mars 1997

    The issue of the use of national and European subsidies to support employment
    in a particular country, region or sector, has come under the spotlight in
    recent weeks in the context of the controversy which has arisen from
    Renault's announcement of the closure of its factory at Vilvoorde in Belgium
    (see Record EU9703108F [1]). Renault's request for subsidies to expand its
    operations in Spain was blocked by European competition policy commissioner,
    Karel Van Miert, in order to investigate whether EU funding was being used to
    transfer employment to a region offering lower wage and social costs.


  • Article
    27 mars 1997

    All industrial relations activities in Spain have been at a standstill in
    early 1997, pending the conclusion of negotiations between trade unions and
    employers' organisations on labour market reform. However, initial agreements
    have been reached on types of employment contract and on dismissal

  • Article
    27 mars 1997

    The UK has been the main recipient of Toyota's European investment so far, at
    its plant in Derby. If the UK were to lose the new investment to France, it
    would be a huge blow to the Government which recently had to "rebuild some
    fences" after the company announced in February 1997 that it might switch its
    investment elsewhere in Europe if the UK did not join the single European


  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor (ERM) has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This publication series include the ERM reports, as well as blogs, articles and working papers on restructuring-related events in the EU27 and Norway.

  • European Working Conditions Telephone Survey 2021

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the European Working Conditions Telephone Survey (EWCTS) 2021, an extraordinary edition conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Developments in working life, industrial relations and working conditions in the EU

    This publication series gathers all overview reports on developments in working life, annual reviews in industrial relations and working conditions produced by Eurofound on the basis of national contributions from the Network of Eurofound Correspondents (NEC). Since 1997, these reports have provided overviews of the latest developments in industrial relations and working conditions across the EU and Norway. The series may include recent ad hoc articles written by members of the NEC.

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, launched in April 2020, with five rounds completed at different stages during 2020, 2021 and 2022. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

Forthcoming publications

  • Report
    april 2024

    The focus of this report is on the role that human capital plays in determining inequalities across the EU, as well as within Member States. Using Cedefop’s work in this area, the report provides a comparative analysis of national trends in education and lifelong learning, including differences between educational groups in terms of income, living conditions and health.

  • Report
    maj 2024

    The report maps trends in income inequality and examines the situation of the middle classes in the EU during 2020, the year most associated with the COVID-19 lockdowns. It charts developments in the size and composition of middle-class households across countries, identifies those that suffered disproportionately in 2020. Taking a longer lens, the report describes the evolution of income inequalities over the last 15 years, comparing the Great Recession (2007–2009) with the COVID-19 pandemic, and outlines the trends both between and within Member States.

  • Report
    december 2024

    This report explores the implications of the right of all EU citizens to live independently. It investigates the barriers faced by people who wish to live independently, and the situation of people at risk of living in institutional settings. It maps the various measures taken by EU Member States to foster independent living and autonomy. The report also includes policy pointers to support future decision-makers and provides a review of lessons learned from the COVID-19 pandemic.