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  • Article
    27 mars 1997

    Akzo Nobel has announced that it will not observe its 1995 collective
    agreement and that it will abandon the introduction of a standard 36-hour
    week as of 1 July 1997. Its new proposals have divided the unions.

  • Article
    27 mars 1997

    In an ongoing industrial dispute, trade unions have accused the public sector
    corporation, EPI (the Italian Postal Organisation), of not respecting
    collective agreements and commitments on employment.

  • Article
    27 mars 1997

    On 13 March, after long debate between ministries, trade unions, and
    provincial governments, the national Government submitted a reform package
    covering the Arbeitslosenversicherungsgesetz(Unemployment Insurance Act), the
    Fremdengesetz(Aliens Act), the Aufenthaltsgesetz(Residence Act), the
    Ausländerbeschäftigungsgesetz(Aliens Employment Act), and the
    Asylgesetz(Asylum Act). The aim is to homogenise the laws, to reduce
    immigration to an absolute minimum compatible with human rights and the
    Geneva Convention on the Rights of Refugees, and to improve the integration
    of the resident foreign population. The reform package is now open to public
    debate, and will be submitted to Parliament before the summer. Changes are
    intended to take effect as of 1 January 1998.

  • Article
    27 mars 1997

    On 13 March 1997, the readers of Sweden's leading morning paper /Dagens
    Nyheter/ learnt about an unusual appeal, drawn up jointly by the pugnacious
    chair of Handelsanställdas förbund (Commercial Employees' Union), the
    leaders of the two employers' organisations in commerce and the managing
    directors of three leading retail chains.

  • Article
    27 mars 1997

    Since the beginning of the 1990s, the German system of centralised sectoral
    collective bargaining (Flächentarifvertrag), which guarantees all employees
    in a certain sector more or less the same basic income and working
    conditions, has been under increasing pressure. With growing
    internationalisation of capital and markets and an increasing pressure of
    international competition, more and more employers and economic experts have
    been demanding a more decentralised and company-related collective bargaining
    system. German unification in 1990 brought a further dynamism to the debate.
    Originally, all the relevant social partners agreed to transfer the western
    collective bargaining system to eastern Germany, but because of the
    continuing immense economic problems. more and more eastern employers became
    dissatisfied with that decision. For instance, in the eastern metal industry
    the proportion of employers who are members of an employers' association
    decreased from 60% in 1991 to 36% in 1994 - though still covering between 55%
    and 65% of the employees ("Ostdeutsche Tariflandschaften", Ingrid Artus and
    Rudi Schmidt, in Die Mitbestimmung No. 11, p. 34-36 (1996)).

  • Article
    27 mars 1997

    According to the study/, Analysis of the prevalence of home-based telework in
    Denmark,/ carried out by Andersen Management International for the Ministry
    of Research and Information Technology, it is estimated that the potential
    number of people carrying out home-based telework will increase over the next
    decade, from 9,000 at present to 250,000. The study defines home-based
    telework as situations where 20% or more of work is carried out from a
    home-based workplace using information technology. Home-based telework is
    expected to be more efficient if it is limited to two to three working days a

  • Article
    27 mars 1997

    On 5 March 1997, the Italian Prime Minister, Romano Prodi, informed the
    political parties and social partners about the report drawn up by the
    "Commission for macroeconomic compatibility of social expenditure", a
    committee of experts established by the Government and chaired by Professor
    Paolo Onofri. The proposals for reform deal with all the key elements of
    public spending: healthcare, public assistance, and, of particular interest
    for the industrial relations system, pensions and labour market policies.
    This document drew critical reactions from the trade union confederations,
    while the evaluation from the Confindustria employers' confederation was
    fairly positive.

  • Article
    27 mars 1997

    On 18 March, the Government submitted a reform package to Parliament
    addressing five civil service issues, among them the implementation of EC
    Directive on working time (93/104/EC) in the civil service and more flexible
    working time rules. Here we focus on the latter point. The new regulations
    are expected to be voted on by Parliament in time to take effect on 1 June


  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor (ERM) has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This publication series include the ERM reports, as well as blogs, articles and working papers on restructuring-related events in the EU27 and Norway.

  • European Working Conditions Telephone Survey 2021

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the European Working Conditions Telephone Survey (EWCTS) 2021, an extraordinary edition conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Developments in working life, industrial relations and working conditions in the EU

    This publication series gathers all overview reports on developments in working life, annual reviews in industrial relations and working conditions produced by Eurofound on the basis of national contributions from the Network of Eurofound Correspondents (NEC). Since 1997, these reports have provided overviews of the latest developments in industrial relations and working conditions across the EU and Norway. The series may include recent ad hoc articles written by members of the NEC.

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, launched in April 2020, with five rounds completed at different stages during 2020, 2021 and 2022. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

Forthcoming publications