European Jobs Monitor
The European Jobs Monitor (EJM) tracks structural change in European labour markets. It analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill levels, etc. The EJM covers all 28 EU Member States and is based primarily on analysis of European Labour Force survey data.
In the interactive chart section below, readers can select time period, country, job-quality criterion and demographic or employment status, and view quintile charts showing how net employment growth by quintile was distributed across categories based on the selection made.
Employment shifts by quintile,
Select at least one country
The European Jobs Monitor methodology is adapted from the pioneering work of Joseph Stiglitz and Erik Olin Wright/Rachel Dwyer in the USA in the 1990s. We define a 'job' as a given occupation in a given sector, for example a sales assistant in the retail sector. There are over 2,000 different job combinations in the EU. These are ranked according to mean hourly wage (alternative ranking measures include mean educational level or mean score on a broad job quality indicator). Jobs are then assigned to five even quintiles of employment. The charts presented show the shifts in employment by quintile over the periods indicated. The method is used to chart the changes in the structure of employment in the different Member States, as well as at aggregate EU level. The charts presented here are based on data-processing for the EJM report 2019.
European Monitoring Centre on Change: European Jobs Monitor
In light of the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union on 31 January 2020, it should be noted that much data published on the Eurofound website continues to include the 28 EU Member States, as the UK was included in earlier research. This will be progressively amended to reflect the current composition of the 27 EU Member States.