EMCC European Monitoring Centre on Change

Restructuring related legislation

Eurofound’s ERM database on restructuring related legal regulations provides information on regulations in the Member States of the European Union and Norway which are explicitly or implicitly linked to anticipating and managing change. The database covers statutory rules, only, and does not include collective agreements or company-level initiatives. The regulations are described in terms of their content, thresholds, involved actors and who covers the cost (if applicable). The aim is to provide an easy possibility of a cross-national comparison of the main features of restructuring related legislation.

Eurofound aims to keep this information up to date and accurate. If errors are brought to our attention, we will try to correct them. However, Eurofound accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the information in this database. This information is:

  • of a general nature only and is not intended to address the specific circumstances of any particular individual or entity; not necessarily comprehensive, complete, accurate or up to date;
  • sometimes linked to external sites over which Eurofound services have no control and for which Eurofound assumes no responsibility;
  • not professional or legal advice (if specific advice is needed, a suitably qualified professional should be consulted).

Research carried out prior to the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union on 31 January 2020, and published subsequently, may include data relating to the 28 EU Member States. Following this date, research only takes into account the 27 EU Member States (EU28 minus the UK), unless specified otherwise.

486 items found

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  • CountryEU 27 + UK and Norway
  • Titlethe title is made up of the country name and type, for example: Austria: working time flexibility
  • PhaseEither anticipation or management
    • Anticipationrefers to activities that help to prepare workers or companies for change.
    • Managementcovers activities required to handle a current restructuring event while minimising social costs. It refers to the steps involved in implementing an organisational change process.
  • Typethe range includes, for example, provisions for collective dismissal, information/consultation obligations, notice periods and severance payments, training obligations for employers and employees and regulations concerning working time flexibility
  • Choose bywhether the regulation is obligatory in all circumstances or only for companies over a certain size or cases affecting a certain number of workers
  • Cost covered by
    • no specific additional costs are involved
    • costs covered by national or regional governments
    • cost covered by companies in general or the specific employer undergoing restructuring
    • cost covered by employees
  • Involved actorsincluding regional or local government, works councils, employers’ organisations, trade union or public employment services. The national government, as legislator, is assumed to be involved in all regulations so is not included as a filter option.
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Selected 20 rows in this page.  
Başlık Country Türartan sırada Yerel adı İngilizce adı
Italy: Redundant employees entitlement to public support Italy Redundant employees entitlement to public support Decreto Legislativo 4 marzo 2015, n. 22, Disposizioni per il riordino della normativa in materia di ammortizzatori sociali in caso di disoccupazione involontaria e di ricollocazione dei lavoratori disoccupati; Decreto legislativo 14 settembre 2015, n. 148, Disposizioni per il riordino della normativa in materia di ammortizzatori sociali in costanza di rapporto di lavoro; Decreto legislativo 14 settembre 2015, n. 150, Disposizioni per il riordino della normativa in materia di servizi per il lavoro e di politiche attive; Decreto legge 28 settembre 2018, n. 109, Disposizioni urgenti per la citta' di Genova, la sicurezza della rete nazionale delle infrastrutture e dei trasporti, gli eventi sismici del 2016 e 2017, il lavoro e le altre emergenze; Decreto legge 28 gennaio 2019, n. 4, Disposizioni urgenti in materia di reddito di cittadinanza e di pensioni; Legge 30 dicembre 2020, n. 178 Bilancio di previsione dello Stato per l'anno finanziario 2021 e bilancio pluriennale per il triennio 2021-2023; Decreto Legge 25 maggio 2021, n. 73 Misure urgenti connesse all'emergenza da COVID-19, per le imprese, il lavoro, i giovani, la salute e i servizi territoriali. Legislative Decree 4 March 2015, n. 22, Provisions for the reorganisation of the legislation on social safety nets in the event of involuntary unemployment and relocation of unemployed workers; Legislative Decree 14 September 2015, n. 148, Provisions for the reorganisation of the legislation on social safety nets in constance of employment; Legislative Decree 14 September 2015, no. 150, Provisions for the reorganisation of rules on employment services and active labour market policies; Decree Law 28 September 2018, n. 109, Urgent provisions for the city of Genoa, the security of the national infrastructure and transport network, the 2016 and 2017 seismic events, work and other emergencies; Decree law 28 January 2019, n. 4, Urgent provisions concerning citizenship income and pensions; Law 30 December 2020, n. 178; State budget for the financial year 2021 and multi-year budget for the three-year period 2021-2023; Law Decree Law 25 May 2021, n. 73 Urgent measures related to the COVID-19 emergency, for businesses, work, young people, health and local services.
Austria: Redundant employees entitlement to public support Austria Redundant employees entitlement to public support Arbeitsmarktservicegesetz (AMSG) Public Employment Service Act (AMSG)
Ireland: Redundant employees entitlement to public support Ireland Redundant employees entitlement to public support Social welfare consolidation act 2005; S.I. No. 440/2014 - Social welfare (consolidated claims, payments and control) (amendment) (No. 4) (Prescribed employment schemes) regulations 2014; S.I. No. 441/2014 - Social welfare (consolidated supplementary welfare allowance) (amendment) (No. 4) (Prescribed employment schemes) regulations 2014; Social welfare, pensions and civil registration act 2018 Social welfare consolidation act 2005; S.I. No. 440/2014 - Social welfare (consolidated claims, payments and control) (amendment) (No. 4) (Prescribed employment schemes) regulations 2014; S.I. No. 441/2014 - Social welfare (consolidated supplementary welfare allowance) (amendment) (No. 4) (Prescribed employment schemes) regulations 2014; Social welfare, pensions and civil registration act 2018
Norway: Redundant employees entitlement to public support Norway Redundant employees entitlement to public support Arbeidsmarkedsloven Labour market act
Greece: Redundant employees entitlement to public support Greece Redundant employees entitlement to public support Νόμος 2956/2001 Οργανισμός Απασχόλησης Εργατικού Δυναμικού Law 2956/2001 on labour force employment organisation
Romania: Redundant employees entitlement to public support Romania Redundant employees entitlement to public support Legea nr. 76/2002 privind sistemul asigurărilor pentru şomaj şi stimularea ocupării forţei de muncă; Ordonanta de Urgenta a Guvernului nr. 36/2013 privind aplicarea în perioada 2013-2018 a unor măsuri de protecţie socială acordată persoanelor disponibilizate prin concedieri colective efectuate în baza planurilor de disponibilizare aprobata cu completari prin Legea nr. 259/2013, modificata in 2015 si 2016 Law no. 76/2002 on the unemployment insurance system and the stimulation of employment; Government Emergency Ordinance no. 36/2013 on the implementation in 2013-2018 of social protection measures to people affected by redundancies made under redundancy plans, approved and modified by Law no. 259/2013, modified in 2015 and 2016
Czechia: Redundant employees entitlement to public support Czechia Redundant employees entitlement to public support Zákon o zaměstnanosti, zákon č. 435/2004 Sb. (část 5) Employment Act (Law No. 435/2004 Coll.) - Part 5
Spain: Redundant employees entitlement to public support Spain Redundant employees entitlement to public support Real Decreto-ley 3/2011 de medidas urgentes para la mejora de la empleabilidad y la reforma de las políticas activas de empleo; Real Decreto 801/2011, de 10 de junio, por el que se aprueba el Reglamento de los procedimientos de regulación de empleo y de actuación administrativa en materia de traslados colectivos; Ley 3/2012, de 6 de julio, de medidas urgentes para la reforma del mercado de trabajo; Real Decreto 7/2015 por el que se aprueba la Cartera Común de Servicios del Sistema Nacional de Empleo Royal Decree law 3/2011 on urgent measures to improve employability and reform active labour market policies; Royal Decree law 801/2011 of 11 June that enacts regulation of the procedures of employment regulation and administrative measures in cases of collective relocation; Law 3/2012 of 6 July on urgent measures to reform the labour market; Royal Decree 7/2015 which approves Common Services of the National Employment System
Luxembourg: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Luxembourg Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Code du travail Labour code
Lithuania: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Lithuania Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Darbo kodeksas Nr. XII-2603, LR nedarbo socialinio draudimo įstatymas Nr. IX-1904 Labour code No XII-2603, Law on unemployment social insurance No IX-1904
Sweden: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Sweden Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Lag (1982:80) om Anställningsskydd Employment protection act (1982:80)
France: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals France Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Code du travail Labour code
Belgium: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Belgium Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Loi du 13 février 1998 portant des dispositions en faveur de l'emploi/Wet of 13 februari 1998 houdende bepalingen tot bevordering van de tewerkstelling Act of 13 February 1998 measures to promote employment
Slovenia: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Slovenia Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Zakon o delovnih razmerjih (ZDR-1); Zakon o poslovni skrivnosti (ZPosS) Employment Relationship Act (ZDR-1); Trade Secrets Act (ZPosS)
Malta: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Malta Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Kap. 452 - Att dwar l-Impiegi u r-Relazzjonijiet Industrijali, 2002; Leġislazzjoni Sussidjarja 452.96 - Regolamenti dwar Dritt għal Informazzjoni u Konsultazzjoni mal-Impjegati (Avviż Legali 10 tal-2006, kif emendat bl-Avviż Legali 427 tal-2007); Leġislazzjoni Sussidjarja 452.80 - Regolamenti dwar Sensji Kollettivi (Harsien ta’ l-Impjiegi) (Avviż Legali 428 tal-2002, kif emendat bl-Avviż Legali 427 u 442 tal-2004) Cap. 452 - Employment and Industrial Relations Act, 2002; Subsidiary legislation 452.96 - Employee (Information and Consultation) Regulations (Legal Notice 10 of 2006, as amended by Legal Notice 427 of 2007); Subsidiary Legislation 452.80 - Collective Redundancies (Protection of Employment) Regulations (Legal Notice 428 of 2002, as amended by Legal Notices 427 and 442 of 2004)
Netherlands: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Netherlands Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Wet melding collectief ontslag (WMCO); Wet op de ondernemingsraden (WOR); Wet Werk en Zekerheid (WWZ) Collective Redundancy (Notification) Act; Works Council Act; Work and Security Act
Denmark: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Denmark Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Bekendtgørelse af lov om varsling m.v. i forbindelse med afskedigelser af større omfang (LBK nr 291 af 22/03/2010); Lov om information og høring af lønmodtagere (LOV nr 303 af 02/05/2005) The Danish Act on Collective Redundancies (Consolidation Act no. 291 of 22 March 2010); The Danish Act on Information and Consultation of Employees (Act no. 303 of 2 May 2005)
United Kingdom: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals United Kingdom Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 1992; Information and Consultation of Employees Regulations 2004 Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 1992; Information and Consultation of Employees Regulations 2004
Latvia: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Latvia Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Darba likums Labour law
Austria: Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Austria Obligation to consider alternatives to collective dismissals Arbeitsverfassungsgesetz (ArbVG) Labour Constitution Act (ArbVG)

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