EMCC European Monitoring Centre on Change

Restructuring related legislation

Eurofound’s ERM database on restructuring related legal regulations provides information on regulations in the Member States of the European Union and Norway which are explicitly or implicitly linked to anticipating and managing change. The database covers statutory rules, only, and does not include collective agreements or company-level initiatives. The regulations are described in terms of their content, thresholds, involved actors and who covers the cost (if applicable). The aim is to provide an easy possibility of a cross-national comparison of the main features of restructuring related legislation.

Eurofound aims to keep this information up to date and accurate. If errors are brought to our attention, we will try to correct them. However, Eurofound accepts no responsibility or liability whatsoever with regard to the information in this database. This information is:

  • of a general nature only and is not intended to address the specific circumstances of any particular individual or entity; not necessarily comprehensive, complete, accurate or up to date;
  • sometimes linked to external sites over which Eurofound services have no control and for which Eurofound assumes no responsibility;
  • not professional or legal advice (if specific advice is needed, a suitably qualified professional should be consulted).

Research carried out prior to the UK’s withdrawal from the European Union on 31 January 2020, and published subsequently, may include data relating to the 28 EU Member States. Following this date, research only takes into account the 27 EU Member States (EU28 minus the UK), unless specified otherwise.

486 items found

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  • CountryEU 27 + UK and Norway
  • Titlethe title is made up of the country name and type, for example: Austria: working time flexibility
  • PhaseEither anticipation or management
    • Anticipationrefers to activities that help to prepare workers or companies for change.
    • Managementcovers activities required to handle a current restructuring event while minimising social costs. It refers to the steps involved in implementing an organisational change process.
  • Typethe range includes, for example, provisions for collective dismissal, information/consultation obligations, notice periods and severance payments, training obligations for employers and employees and regulations concerning working time flexibility
  • Choose bywhether the regulation is obligatory in all circumstances or only for companies over a certain size or cases affecting a certain number of workers
  • Cost covered by
    • no specific additional costs are involved
    • costs covered by national or regional governments
    • cost covered by companies in general or the specific employer undergoing restructuring
    • cost covered by employees
  • Involved actorsincluding regional or local government, works councils, employers’ organisations, trade union or public employment services. The national government, as legislator, is assumed to be involved in all regulations so is not included as a filter option.
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Başlık Country Türartan sırada Yerel adı İngilizce adı
Austria: Employment protection in relation to business transfers Austria Employment protection in relation to business transfers Arbeitsvertragsrechtsanpassungsgesetz (AVRAG) Employment Law Harmonisation Act
Latvia: Employment protection in relation to business transfers Latvia Employment protection in relation to business transfers Darba Likums Labour law
Slovenia: Employment protection in relation to business transfers Slovenia Employment protection in relation to business transfers Zakon o delovnih razmerjih (ZDR-1) Employment Relationship Act (ZDR-1)
Belgium: Employment protection in relation to business transfers Belgium Employment protection in relation to business transfers Collectieve arbeidsovereenkomst nr. 32 bis gesloten op 7 juni 1985 in de Nationale Arbeidsraad, betreffende het behoud van de rechten van de werknemers bij wijziging van werkgever ingevolge de overgang van ondernemingen krachtens overeenkomst en tot regeling van de rechten van de werknemers die overgenomen worden bij overname van activa na faillissement / Convention collective de travail No 32 BIS conclue le 7 juin 1985 au sein du Conseil national du travail, concernant le maintien des droits des travailleurs en cas de changement d'employeur du fait d'un transfert conventionnel d'entreprise et réglant les droits des travailleurs repris en cas de reprise de l'actif après faillit; Collectieve arbeidsovereenkomst nr. 9 houdende ordening van de in de Nationale Arbeidsraad gesloten nationale akkoorden en collectieve arbeidsovereenkomsten betreffende de ondernemingsraden / Convention collective de travail n° 9 du 9 mars 1972 coordonnant les accords nationaux et les conventions collectives de travail relatifs aux conseils d'entreprise conclus au sein du Conseil national du Travail; Collectieve arbeidsovereenkomst nr. 6 van 30 juni 1971 Betreffende de faciliteiten welke moeten verleend worden aan leden die de werknemers in de comités voor veiligheid, gezondheid en verfraaiing der werkplaatsen vertegenwoordigen / Convention collective de travail n° 6 du 30 juin 1971 concernant les facilités à consentir aux membres représentant les travailleurs aux comités de sécurité, d'hygiène et d'embellissement des lieux de travail ; Wet van 4 augustus 1996 betreffende het welzijn van de werknemers bij de uitvoering van hun werk / Loi du 4 Aout 1996 relative au bien-être des travailleurs lors de l'exécution de leur travail ; Wet van 5 december 1968 betreffende de collectieve arbeidsovereenkomsten en de paritaire comités / Loi du 5 decembre 1968 sur les conventions collectives de travail et les commissions paritaires; "Collective labour agreement nr. 32 bis agreed upon 7th of June 1985 in the National Labour Council, concerning the retention of employee rights in case of a change of employer due to a transfer of enterprises by force of agreement, and the establisment of employee rights for those retained in case of a take-over of assets after closure"; Collective labour agreement nr. 9 with relation to the ordering of the national agreements and collective labour argreements made by the National Labour Councils concerning the Workcouncils; Collective labour agreement nr. 6 of 30th of June 1971 concerning the facilities which have to be provided to members wih represent employees in the comités for saftey, health and beautification of places of work.; Law of 4th of August 1996 concerning the well-being of employees during the exectuion of their work; Law of 5th December 1968 concerning the collective labour agreements and the joint commitees.
Luxembourg: Employment protection in relation to business transfers Luxembourg Employment protection in relation to business transfers Labour Code Labour Code
Cyprus: Employment protection in relation to business transfers Cyprus Employment protection in relation to business transfers Ν. 104(I)/2000 - Ο περί της Διατήρησης και Διασφάλισης των Δικαιωμάτων των Εργοδοτουμένων κατά τη Μεταβίβαση Επιχειρήσεων, Εγκαταστάσεων ή Τμημάτων Επιχειρήσεων ή Εγκαταστάσεων Νόμος του 2000-2018; Ν. 24/1967 - Ο περί Τερματισμού Απασχολήσεως Νόμος του 1967-2018 Law on the Preservation and Protection of the Employee's Rights during the Transfer of Business, Facilities or Parts of Business or Facilities of 2000-2018 (Law 104(I)/2000); Termination of Employment Law of 1967-2018 (Law 24/1967) as amended
Netherlands: Employment protection in relation to business transfers Netherlands Employment protection in relation to business transfers Wet Overgang Ondernemingen in Burgerlijk Wetboek; Wet op de collective arbeidsovereenkomst; Wet op de Ondernemingsraad; Wet op de Algemeen Verbindend Verklaring Law on business transfers in civil code; Collective labour agreements act; Works council act; Act on declaring a collective agreement binding
Czechia: Employment protection in relation to business transfers Czechia Employment protection in relation to business transfers Zákoník práce (zákon č. 262/2006 Sb.) Labour Code (Act No. 262/2006 Coll.)
Norway: Employment protection in relation to business transfers Norway Employment protection in relation to business transfers Arbeidsmiljøloven Working Environment Act
Denmark: Employment protection in relation to business transfers Denmark Employment protection in relation to business transfers Bekendtgørelse af lov om lønmodtageres retsstilling ved virksomhedsoverdragelse (LBK nr 710 af 20/08/2002) The Danish Act on Employees' Rights in the event of Transfers of Undertakings (Consolidation Act no. 710 of 22 August 2002)
Finland: Employment protection in relation to business transfers Finland Employment protection in relation to business transfers Laki yhteistoiminnasta yrityksissä (334/2007), Työsopimuslaki (55/2001), Työehtosopimuslaki (436/1946) Act on Co-operation within Undertakings (334/2007), Employment Contracts Act (55/2001), Collective Agreements Act (436/1946)
Poland: Employment protection in relation to business transfers Poland Employment protection in relation to business transfers Ustawa z 26.06.1974 -Kodeks Pracy; Ustawa z dnia 23.05.1991 o związkach zawodowych; Ustawa z dnia 5 lipca 2018 r. o zarządzie sukcesyjnym przedsiębiorstwem osoby fizycznej Act of 26.06.1974 -Labour Code; Act of 23.05.1991 on Trade Unions; Act of 5 July 2018 on the succession management of a natural person enterprise
France: Employment protection in relation to business transfers France Employment protection in relation to business transfers Labour Code Labour Code
Croatia: Rescue procedures in insolvency Croatia Rescue procedures in insolvency Stecajni zakon 71/15, 104/17; Zakon o financijskom poslovanju i predstecajnoj nagodbi 108/12, 144/12, 81/13, 112/13, 71/15, 78/15; Zakon o parnicnom postupku 53/91, 89/14; Zakon o opcem upravnom postupku 47/09; Ovrsni zakon 112/12, 73/17; Zakon o osiguranju potrazivanja radnika u slucaju stecaja poslodavca 86/08, 82/15; Zakon o trgovackim drustvima 111/93, 40/19; Zakon o obveznim odnosima 35/05, 29/18; Zakon o postupku izvanredne uprave u trgovačkim društvima od sistemskog značaja za Republiku Hrvatsku 32/17 Bankruptcy Act 71/15, 104/17; Act on Financial Operations and Pre-Bankruptcy Settlement 108/12, 144/12, 81/13, 112/13, 71/15, 78/15; Civil Procedure Act 53/91, 89/14; General Administrative Procedure Act 47/09; Enforcement Act 112/12, 73/17; Act on Ensuring Employees’ Claims in Case of Bankruptcy of the Employer 86/08, 82/15; Companies Act 111/93, 40/19; Civil Obligations Act 35/05, 29/18; Law on the Executive Administration Procedure in Companies of Systemic Importance for the Republic of Croatia 32/17
Ireland: Rescue procedures in insolvency Ireland Rescue procedures in insolvency Companies act 2014 Companies act 2014
United Kingdom: Rescue procedures in insolvency United Kingdom Rescue procedures in insolvency Insolvency Act 1986 Insolvency Act 1986
France: Rescue procedures in insolvency France Rescue procedures in insolvency Sauvegarde des entreprises , Code Du Commerce Companies' rescues law, Commercial Code
Bulgaria: Rescue procedures in insolvency Bulgaria Rescue procedures in insolvency Търговски закон Commerce act
Spain: Rescue procedures in insolvency Spain Rescue procedures in insolvency Ley Concursal (Real Decreto Legislativo 1/2020) Insolvency Law (Legislative Royal Decree Law 1/2020)
Czechia: Rescue procedures in insolvency Czechia Rescue procedures in insolvency Zákon č. 182/2006 Sb., o úpadku a způsobech jeho řešení (insolvenční zákon) ve znění pozdějších předpisů Act No. 182/2006 Coll., on bankruptcy and settlement (insolvency act)

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