Publications

Browse publications

Latest publications

  • Article
    27 Haziran 1997

    The eradication of bullying at school has long been an important aim, and
    even though it still occurs, there is a genuine wish to stamp it out.
    However, relatively few people are aware of the seriousness of bullying
    within the workplace. Surveys have been highlighting this point for a long
    time - the table below provides some recent examples - but now at last it
    seems that the social partners are beginning to realise the hidden costs of
    bullying, and attempting to wipe it out.

  • Article
    27 Haziran 1997

    The Norwegian labour market parties have, during spring 1997, been commenting
    on the proposed principles for a revision of the Labour Dispute Act. The
    committee which reviewed the Act proposed a strengthening of the
    confederations' position with regard to collective bargaining. Although the
    Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unions (LO) and the Confederation of
    Norwegian Business and Industry (NHO) basically support the proposal, there
    is significant opposition to it, particularly from several employee
    organisations.

  • Article
    27 Haziran 1997

    On 3 March 1997, the Hanover regional branch of the metalworkers' trade union
    Industriegewerkschaft Metall (IG Metall) and the management of PPS Personal-,
    Produktions- und Servicegesellschaft mbH, Salzgitter, concluded a company
    agreement on partial retirement - the first such agreement in the
    metalworking industry. Negotiations between IG Metall and the metalworking
    employers' association Gesamtverband der metallindustriellen
    Arbeitgeberverbände (Gesamtmetall), first about industry-wide and later
    about regional collective agreements on partial retirement, reached an
    impasse in June 1997. Although the agreement at PPS was signed in March,
    reliable information has only recently been publicised.

  • Article
    27 Haziran 1997

    After the publication of the reports on EMU by the expert working party
    commissioned by the Government and by the economists in the incomes policy
    assessment committee, the labour market organisations issued a statement on
    the impact of EMU on the Finnish labour market on 22 May 1997 (FI9705115N
    [1]). The most influential advocate of EMU is the President of Finland,
    Martti Ahtisaari who presented his views on the benefits of EMU for Finland
    in his speech at the 90th anniversary meeting of the Central Organisation of
    Finnish Trade Unions (SAK) on 24 May 1997.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/two-reports-published-on-the-industrial-relations-implications-of-emu-in-finland

  • Article
    27 Haziran 1997

    In Austria's "pay-as-you-go" pensions system, 22.75% of an individual's
    monthly wage cost goes to pension insurance. There is a cap at a certain
    monthly income - currently ATS 41,400 - which is raised annually. The gap
    between contributions and benefits is covered from the federal budget. In
    1996, ATS 30,000 million had to be covered by the budget in the employees'
    scheme, which has 1.5 million pensioners, and ATS 25,500 million in the
    self-employment and agricultural schemes, which has 345,000 pensioners. The
    overall contribution from the federal budget is forecast to rise from ATS
    55,500 million in 1996 to over ATS 80,000 million by the year 2001. In its
    recently-announced budget plans, the Government is aiming to save ATS 16,000
    million in contributions to the national pension insurance schemes over the
    two years 1998 and 1999.

  • Article
    27 Haziran 1997

    One of the first acts by the new French Prime Minister following his election
    in June 1997 was to consult with employers and unions prior to announcing his
    legislative programme. This move was greeted favourably by both employers and
    trade unions, though their aims are quite different. A national conference on
    pay, employment and working time is to be held in the autumn.

  • Article
    27 Haziran 1997

    After several months of negotiations involving various local and central
    government agencies, a long struggle for jobs at Grundig came to an end in
    May 1997. In a region where workers reject job mobility, the only remaining
    recourse is the courts and political channels. Dialogue between the board of
    directors and workers' representatives has proved unsuccessful.

  • Article
    27 Haziran 1997

    At the end of May 1997, the Foreign Secretary, Robin Cook, signalled the
    Government's intention of supporting new employment provisions in the
    revision of the EU Treaty. He argued that initiatives to increase levels of
    employment within the EU should have equal weight with the financial criteria
    to be decided for Economic and Monetary Union. Believing that tackling
    unemployment is a number one priority, Mr Cook also said "that is why we will
    support an employment chapter within the treaty of the EU."

Series

  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor (ERM) has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This publication series include the ERM reports, as well as blogs, articles and working papers on restructuring-related events in the EU27 and Norway.

  • European Working Conditions Telephone Survey 2021

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the European Working Conditions Telephone Survey (EWCTS) 2021, an extraordinary edition conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Developments in working life, industrial relations and working conditions in the EU

    This publication series gathers all overview reports on developments in working life, annual reviews in industrial relations and working conditions produced by Eurofound on the basis of national contributions from the Network of Eurofound Correspondents (NEC). Since 1997, these reports have provided overviews of the latest developments in industrial relations and working conditions across the EU and Norway. The series may include recent ad hoc articles written by members of the NEC.

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, launched in April 2020, with five rounds completed at different stages during 2020, 2021 and 2022. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

Forthcoming publications