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  • Article
    27 Haziran 1997

    In his inaugural address to the National Assembly on 19 June 1997, France's
    new Prime Minister, Lionel Jospin, said nothing to clarify his position on
    the privatisation programme planned by the outgoing Government.

  • Article
    27 Haziran 1997

    On 28 May 1997, the Labour Court ruled that the municipality of Mjölby in
    southern Sweden did not discriminate against two women teachers by paying
    them SEK 1,119 less per month than their male colleague was paid for the same
    job (AD 1997:68). The judgment is the latest of several setbacks for women
    invoking the Act on Equality between Men and Women by claiming sex
    discrimination in relation to pay.

  • Article
    27 Haziran 1997

    In June 1997, the Norwegian Parliament turned down a legislative proposal
    which would provide employees with a right both to choose their own
    organisation or not to be organised. The aim of the proposal was primarily to
    prohibit collective agreements with closed shop clauses. This would have had
    a particular impact on employees in enterprises affiliated to the labour
    movement.

  • Article
    27 Haziran 1997

    The 1997 collective bargaining round for the 1.3 million employees in the
    German construction industry started on 27 February. In contrast to most
    branch-level bargaining, which takes place at regional level, negotiations in
    the construction industry are traditionally held at national level. The
    collective bargaining parties - the construction union IG Bauen-Agrar-Umwelt
    (IG BAU) and the two employers' associations, Hauptverband der Deutschen
    Bauindustrie (HDB) and Zentralverband des Deutschen Baugewerbes (ZDB) - had
    to find new agreements on at least four main issues:

  • Article
    27 Haziran 1997

    On 3 June 1997 the Transport and General Workers' Union (TGWU) representing
    9,000 British Airways ground staff and BASSA, the cabin crew union (linked to
    the TGWU) representing a further 9,000 employees, began balloting members
    over whether to take industrial action. On 9 June, they were joined by 4,500
    members of the GMB general union. If the ballots support strike action, it is
    likely to take place in mid-July.

  • Article
    27 Haziran 1997

    The Unemployment Insurance Act (Arbeitslosenversicherungsgesetz, AlVG) makes
    benefit entitlements, but not contributions, dependent on nationality. On 16
    September 1996 the European Court of Human Rights found this inequality to be
    in violation of human rights, creating the need to amend the law, and on 11
    June 1997 Parliament passed the requisite act.

  • Article
    27 Haziran 1997

    A traditional characteristic of Sweden's trade union movement has been that,
    with rare exceptions, the unions do not compete with each other for members.
    It is true that there is a revolutionary syndicalist union that organises all
    categories of workers, but it is no real competitor to the others. So if a
    worker wants to join a union, it has often been more or less self-evident
    which organisation he or she should belong to. For example a blue-collar
    worker in the paper industry would apply for membership of thePaper Workers'
    Union, a non-graduate white-collar worker in the same enterprise would join
    the Union for Clerical and Technical Employees in Industry (SIF) while the
    company's graduate engineers would belong to the Association of Graduate
    Engineers (CF). The employer is thus bound by different collective agreements
    for different categories of employees.

  • Article
    27 Haziran 1997

    The renewal of the Spanish system of occupational classification is marked by
    the change from the old system of "Labour Ordinances", which were established
    by law, to a new classification system based on occupational groupings, which
    is the result of collective bargaining. This process has been accelerated by
    the labour reforms of the 1990s: the 1994 reform established a deadline for
    the replacement of the Ordinances, and the 1997 reform established an
    agreement on occupational classification for those sectors in which one had
    not yet been established.

Series

  • European Working Conditions Telephone Survey 2021

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the European Working Conditions Telephone Survey (EWCTS) 2021, an extraordinary edition conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Developments in working life, industrial relations and working conditions in the EU

    This publication series gathers all overview reports on developments in working life, annual reviews in industrial relations and working conditions produced by Eurofound on the basis of national contributions from the Network of Eurofound Correspondents (NEC). Since 1997, these reports have provided overviews of the latest developments in industrial relations and working conditions across the EU and Norway. The series may include recent ad hoc articles written by members of the NEC.

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, launched in April 2020, with five rounds completed at different stages during 2020, 2021 and 2022. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

Forthcoming publications