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  • Article
    27 Nisan 1997

    In the wake of Renault's announcement of the closure of its plant at
    Vilvoorde (EU9703108F [1]) European trade unions, the European Commission and
    the European Parliament have called for tougher measures to protect the
    interests of employees in the event of large-scale redundancies, business
    transfers and relocation. In an address to the European Parliament (EP) in
    March, Padraig Flynn, the commissioner responsible for industrial relations,
    employment and social affairs, reminded member state governments that they
    had rejected such tougher measures in 1992. While he argued that existing
    legislation covered the situation at Renault, there had to be a serious
    question mark over the deterrent effect of the level of sanctions currently
    available. He told MEP s that he would "propose to the Commission that we
    proceed in the coming weeks with the first stage of consultations with the
    social partners at European level on this issue and I sincerely hope that we
    are able, through this action, the strengthen the protection of workers"
    (reported in RAPID, 11 March). He also pronounced himself in favour of the
    institution of general rules to complement existing measures, aimed at making
    information and consultation compulsory at member state level.


  • Article
    27 Nisan 1997

    The principal collective agreement in the Dutch information technology and
    office equipment sector, concluded in April 1997 between the employers'
    organisation and one of the trade unions, has been criticised by the other
    unions and four large software and service companies

  • Article
    27 Nisan 1997

    The Belgian Defence Minister, Jean-Pol Poncelet, has announced measures that
    will prompt far-reaching changes in the personnel structure of the Belgian
    armed forces, covering the army, navy and airforce. The policy directly or
    indirectly affects about 40,000 military personnel. Mr Poncelet's plans are
    innovative and rather unusual for the armed forces, which are not normally
    known for their swift changes in organisational structure and personnel
    management. The Minister feels, however, that the armed forces should not be
    exempt from moves towards greater flexibility, currently a prominent theme in
    labour negotiations in Belgium. Moreover, changes in the armed forces can
    serve as an example for other sectors of the Belgian economy.

  • Article
    27 Nisan 1997

    Taking into account significant changes in the international environment and
    their impact on the Greek economy, the Government in March 1997 announced
    that it would invite the social partners to a process of social dialogue on a
    set of three themes: development, competitiveness and employment. The first
    meeting is scheduled to take place towards the end of May. Participants in
    the dialogue include representatives of Ministries, employer and employee
    organisations from both the private and the public sectors and the Chambers
    of Commerce, amongst others.

  • Article
    27 Nisan 1997

    In March 1997, the social partners in Italy's leather and suede sector agreed
    a code of conduct providing for the application of International Labour
    Organisation (ILO) Conventions on the rights of workers and the employment of

  • Article
    27 Nisan 1997

    On 1 April 1997, the whole air transport sector, including cabotage(domestic
    flights within other member states), was officially opened to EC-wide
    competition. Cabotageno longer has to be the continuation of a flight
    originating outside a particular country. So nothing now remains of Air
    Inter's monopoly in France, which had already been severely challenged by the
    European Commission in 1994, following a complaint from TAT, now one of
    British Airways' French subsidiaries.

  • Article
    27 Nisan 1997

    Based on the so-called Dual System (of Vocational Training) [1] (Duales
    System), practical vocational training [2] in Germany is given at work in the
    participating employer's establishment, backed up by statutory theoretical
    training and general education provided in vocational training school [3] s.
    The characteristic feature of the system is that the provision of knowledge
    and skills is linked to the acquisition of the required job experience.


  • Article
    27 Nisan 1997

    After three months' bargaining, the annual revision of the national
    collective agreement covering banks and other credit institutions was
    concluded in April 1997. It is the first collective agreement in Portugal to
    grant five weeks' paid holidays, and also increases pay and improves
    maternity and paternity provisions


  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor (ERM) has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This publication series include the ERM reports, as well as blogs, articles and working papers on restructuring-related events in the EU27 and Norway.

  • European Working Conditions Telephone Survey 2021

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the European Working Conditions Telephone Survey (EWCTS) 2021, an extraordinary edition conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Developments in working life, industrial relations and working conditions in the EU

    This publication series gathers all overview reports on developments in working life, annual reviews in industrial relations and working conditions produced by Eurofound on the basis of national contributions from the Network of Eurofound Correspondents (NEC). Since 1997, these reports have provided overviews of the latest developments in industrial relations and working conditions across the EU and Norway. The series may include recent ad hoc articles written by members of the NEC.

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, launched in April 2020, with five rounds completed at different stages during 2020, 2021 and 2022. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

Forthcoming publications