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  • Article
    27 Şubat 1997

    The central social partners - the Austrian Trade Union Confederation
    (Österreichischer Gewerkschaftsbund,ÖGB) and the Austrian Chamber of
    Commerce (Wirtschaftskammer Österreich, WKÖ), the statutory body grouping
    almost all nonagricultural enterprises - have for some time been discussing a
    range of changes to the 1969 Working Time Law (Arbeitszeitgesetz, AZG). The
    aim is to maintain competitiveness and employment by making possible a more
    uneven distribution of working hours over time, without financial penalty to
    the employer. This is expected to lead to higher productivity, better use of
    plant, lower inventories, and a capability to respond more swiftly to
    variations in demand. The trade unions also hope to achieve a reduction of
    hours worked by individual employees in favour of more employment.

  • Article
    27 Şubat 1997

    In a context of increasingly difficult youth employment in France, and of
    social tension about what course of action to take, a recent national
    conference has defined a number of concrete objectives. These seek to secure
    employment for the most disadvantaged, and to expose students to the world of
    work for the first time. These aims are based on a series of commitments on
    the part of industry, Government and the social partners - who remain at odds
    in their analysis - the effects of which must be monitored.

  • Article
    27 Şubat 1997

    Declining union membership and a legal and ideological attack on the role of
    trade unions over the past 17 years may have left many with the opinion that
    employees no longer value the right to act collectively. It has been argued
    that the attack on the unions throughout the 1980s and 1990s has left the
    unions weak and unable to protect members' rights. Alternatively, it has been
    argued that people now prefer to negotiate their own employment contracts
    individually and do not need trade unions.

  • Article
    27 Şubat 1997

    Industrial action has accompanied trade unions' pay demands in Spain's public
    administration since late 1996, and the threat of further action has been
    made if negotiations are not started immediately.

  • Article
    27 Şubat 1997

    In a recent press interview, Padraig Flynn, the European commissioner
    responsible for industrial relations and social affairs, expressed his unease
    at press reports that the social partners' negotiations on part-time work
    were heading for collapse, and stated that he remained hopeful of a positive
    outcome. Senior trade union negotiator and deputy general secretary of the
    European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC), Jean Lapeyre, also stated that he
    remained convinced that the negotiations could succeed. He stressed, however,
    that if part-time work was to be made more attractive and acceptable for
    workers, assurance of "decent social protection" had to be offered.

  • Article
    27 Şubat 1997

    Testing 1,2,3 Minimum wages in Austria are known as "collective agreement
    wages" because they are set by collective bargaining rather than by law,
    though it is unlawful to pay less than the collective agreement wage. Because
    of the large number of collective agreements concluded independently of each
    other, substantial variations in increases in the minimum wage can arise
    between industries or groups of employees. It is only possible to estimate
    the overall change of the minimum wage rate retrospectively. The annual
    estimate and the detailed monthly reporting are both carried out by the
    Central Statistical Office (Österreichisches Statistisches Zentralamt,
    ÖSTAT) based on reports received from the trade unions.

  • Article
    27 Şubat 1997

    At the beginning of February the Confederation of British Industry (CBI) set
    out its long term priorities for beyond the forthcoming general election. Its
    director general, Adair Turner said that "whatever happens between now and
    May, there are fundamental issues for business which need attention. The
    changing nature of the world in which we do business brings both
    opportunities and challenges, and the CBI should be at the heart of change."

  • Article
    27 Şubat 1997

    The Employment and Labour Market Committee (ELC), established by a Council
    Decision on 20 December 1996, held its inaugural meeting in Brussels on 29
    January 1997. The ELC was created in response to a request by the European
    Council for the setting up of a stable structure to support the work of the
    Labour and Social Affairs Council in employment-related matters. This area
    has taken on a new dimension in the context of the" European employment
    strategy" outlined at the European Council in Essen in December 1994. The ELC
    is expected to improve the balance between employment, on the one hand, and
    economic and monetary issues, on the other hand, in the European debate. The
    new Committee will fulfil a similar role to that of the Economic Policy
    Committee which provides advice to the Economics and Financial Affairs
    Council (ECOFIN).

Series

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

Forthcoming publications