Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from
research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articleson working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.
Globalisation is having a profound impact on economies and industrial relations systems all around the world. In the context of global competition, it is increasingly relevant to look at Europe's economic development in a wider perspective. This report explores the main industrial relations developments in the European Union, Japan and the US in the period 2006-2007. It charts the similarities and trends in industrial relations as well as the differences in basic structures and developments between these three major economies.
In Spring 2006, the Congress of Local and Regional Authorities of the Council of Europe, together with the city of Stuttgart and Eurofound established a European network of Cities for Local Integration Policies for Migrants (CLIP). In the subsequent two years, the cities of Vienna and Amsterdam joined the CLIP Steering Committee. The network is also supported by the Committee of the Regions (CoR) and the Council of European Municipalities and Regions (CEMR). The CLIP network has also formed a partnership with the European Network Against Racism (ENAR).
In early November 2008, major restructuring  plans affecting the Austrian
Post Company (Österreichische Post AG ) were revealed by the media.
According to an ‘internal strategy paper’ drawn up by the Austrian Post
Company management and leaked to the media, the company’s current workforce
of 24,000 employees is to be cut by 9,000 workers and the number of post
offices is to be reduced from more than 1,300 at present to only 300 by 2015.
This extensive restructuring programme was – after harsh trade union
protests – withdrawn from the agenda of a supervisory board meeting held on
12 November 2008 and thus not decided upon at this event. However, management
subsequently confirmed that substantial restructuring measures would be
inevitable in the medium term to secure the whole company.
Disclaimer: This information is made available as a service to the public but has not been edited or approved by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. The content is the responsibility of the authors....
Trade unions in Sweden have been particularly critical of the government,
demanding additional efforts and actions in the Budget Bill for 2009 in order
to react to the increasing turbulence in the labour market (SE0810029I ).
During the autumn of 2008, the trade unions and employer organisations put
forward their own crisis plans with suggestions on how to handle the current
On 13 November 2008, having completed its passage through parliament, the
Employment Bill (*UK0712019I* ) received Royal Assent to become law as the
Employment Act 2008 . The act introduces a range of employment law
reforms, including those outlined below. The bulk of the new provisions are
expected to be brought into force in April 2009.
On 1 September 2008, the Norwegian government introduced a new scheme
entitled ‘pending sick leave’ (/avventende sykemelding/) in the
country’s working life. The scheme’s purpose is to achieve the necessary
adjustments to work organisation for employees who are on the verge of taking
ordinary sick leave, according to a press release (in Norwegian)  by the
Norwegian Labour and Welfare Administration (Arbeids- og
velferdsforvaltningen, NAV ). Doctors may prescribe pending sick leave in
cases where the employee/patient experiences health problems but is able to
continue working if certain adjustments are made to the way their work is
In recent years, the situation of school-leavers in Germany has changed
considerably. Many young people now encounter difficulties in securing an
apprenticeship – in other words, a vocational training position – or
entering the labour market. This trend is reflected in the rising number of
so-called ‘old applicants’ (/Altbewerber/) registered at local employment
agencies. Old applicants are defined as young people who failed to obtain an
apprenticeship contract in the last round of applications. In 2006, for the
first time, the share of old applicants among all applicants exceeded 50%. In
August 2008, this percentage reached 52%.
Sweden has a comparatively low level of unemployment generally: 5.7% among
people aged 15–74 years in October 2008. However, unemployment among young
people is well above the EU average: 12.5% among those aged 16–24 years
(Statistics Sweden news release (in Swedish), October 2008 ). Many reasons
can be cited for the high levels of youth unemployment in Sweden. Since the
country has generally high starting salaries and rigid labour legislation,
employers feel that they are taking a greater risk by hiring an inexperienced
person with no qualifications.
On 14 November 2008, the Office for National Statistics (ONS ) published
the initial findings (122Kb PDF)  of its 2008 Annual Survey of Hours and
Earnings (ASHE). The survey is based on data relating to 146,000 employees,
taken from HM Revenue & Customs (HMRC ) tax records.