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  • Article
    21 July 2003

    In June 2003, the Italian government approved a draft decree enacting the
    recent 'proxy law' on employment and the labour market. The decree envisages
    numerous measures and innovations in terms of employment services and
    contracts - such as staff leasing, on-call work, project work and
    work/training contracts - and of the involvement of the social partners in
    management of the labour market. Before the decree is finally passed, it will
    be discussed by the government and the social partners, which have differing
    views on the proposals.

  • Article
    21 July 2003

    This article examines the Greek situation, as of June 2003, with regard to:
    legislation and collective bargaining on the pay and conditions of posted
    workers (ie workers from one EU Member State posted by their employer to work
    in another); the number of such posted workers; and the views of the social
    partners and government on the issue.

  • Article
    21 July 2003

    EU Directive 96/71/EC concerning the posting of workers in the framework of
    the provision of services [1] seeks to avoid 'social dumping' by ensuring
    that a minimum set of rights is guaranteed for workers posted by their
    employer to work in another country. The basic principle is that the working
    conditions and pay in effect in a Member State should be applicable both to
    workers from that State, and those from other EU countries posted to work
    there. The Directive covers undertakings established in a Member State,
    which, in the framework of the transnational provision of services, post
    workers to the territory of another Member State.


  • Article
    21 July 2003

    This article examines the Luxembourg situation, as of June 2003, with regard
    to: legislation and collective bargaining on the pay and conditions of posted
    workers (ie workers from one EU Member State posted by their employer to work
    in another); the number of such posted workers; and the views of the social
    partners and government on the issue.

  • Article
    20 July 2003

    In mid-June 2003, negotiations between the European-level intersectoral
    social partner organisations - the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC),
    the Union of Industrial and Employers' Confederations of Europe
    (UNICE)/European Association of Craft, Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises
    (UEAPME) and the European Centre of Enterprises with Public Participation and
    of Enterprises of General Economic Interest (CEEP) - resulted in agreement on
    a joint statement on managing change and its social consequences. The
    statement identifies a range of factors that can contribute to preventing or
    limiting the negative social impact of restructuring, including 'good social

  • Article
    20 July 2003

    On 8 July 2003, the UK's Labour Party government published its latest white
    paper on skills. The white paper, entitled 21st century skills: realising our
    potential [1], sets out an England-wide strategy for improving the skills and
    productivity of the workforce. As such, it aims to tackle what it calls 'deep
    and pervasive problems' that have resulted in the UK suffering from a
    significant productivity and skills deficit relative to its major
    competitors. Output per hour worked is at least 25% higher in Germany and the
    USA, and over 30% higher in France, than in the UK. Only 28% of the UK
    workforce have an intermediate-level qualification, compared with 51% in
    France and 65% in Germany. It is also estimated that there are over 7 million
    adult workers, or around 30% of the UK workforce, without a level 2
    qualification or above - ie five 'good' GCSEs (exams taken at the end of
    compulsory secondary education) at grades A*-C or a National Vocational
    Qualification (NVQ) level 2.


  • Article
    20 July 2003

    On 7 July 2003, the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) published a
    consultation document [1] setting out how the UK government proposes to
    implement the EU information and consultation Directive (2002/14/EC) [2]
    (EU0204207F [3]), and inviting comments on draft Regulations. The approach
    taken by the draft Regulations is based on a framework established in
    discussions between ministers and representatives of the Confederation of
    British Industry (CBI) and the Trades Union Congress (TUC), who agreed an
    'outline scheme' for the implementing legislation which is incorporated in
    the consultation document. The draft Regulations also take account of
    responses to the DTI discussion paper published in July 2002 (UK0208101N
    [4]), and views expressed at a series of round-table discussions held around
    the country. The government is now consulting on the detail of draft
    Regulations, their practical operation, and the sort of guidance that
    employers and employees will need in applying the new legislation. The
    government has set a four-month consultation period (ie until 7 November
    2003) during which interested parties may submit comments and a second set of
    round-table discussions will be held.


  • Article
    20 July 2003

    On 29 May 2003, the Institute of Public Administration (IPA) held a human
    resource management conference [1] in Dublin, which looked at examples of how
    Ireland’s public sector organisations are responding to the challenges
    posed by the current modernisation and 'change management' agenda, as
    described in the sections on delivering high-quality public services
    contained in the country's new national agreement, Sustaining progress [2]
    (IE0304201N [3]). Public sector employers and are facing negotiations on this
    modernisation agenda, and progress is expected as a 'quid quo pro' for the
    recent pay increases received by public sector workers under a 'benchmarking'
    exercise (IE0207203N [4]), which compared the pay of public servants with
    that in the private sector.

    [2] Progress.pdf

  • Newsletter
    14 July 2003

    Communiqué is the newsletter of the Foundation It is published 6 times per year and provides up-to-date news and information on the Foundation's work and research. This issue contains the following articles: Better quality jobs will boost EU competitiveness; Social dialogue a vital tool for acceding countries in preparation for EMU; Industrial restructuring for economic and social growth; Understanding the knowledge society; Improving labour protection for economically dependent workers; Changes to the European industrial relations landscape.


  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, launched in April 2020, with five rounds completed at different stages during 2020, 2021 and 2022. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

Forthcoming publications