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This background paper focuses on one important aspect of social protection: unemployment benefits, both first tier (usually contributory) and lower tier (predominantly tax-based, non-contributory and means-tested). Unemployment benefits help to...

2 February 2024
Customised report

In this pilot project, Eurofound successfully established the feasibility of, and piloted, an EU-wide database of minimum pay rates contained in collective agreements related to low-paid workers. A conceptual and...

26 January 2024
Research report

Minimum wages 2024 – The tide is turning

While the prospects for minimum wage workers in early 2023 looked gloomy, the new year brings better news: national minimum wages were raised significantly in most countries.

Eurofound Talks

Listen to Eurofound's new podcast series


Online resources

Restructuring events database

European Restructuring Monitor

Since 2002, the European Restructuring Monitor (ERM) has been monitoring the employment impact of large-scale restructuring events in Europe and covers the 27 EU Member States plus Norway.

EU PolicyWatch

EU PolicyWatch

Eurofound's EU PolicyWatch collates information on the responses of government and social partners to the COVID-19 crisis, the war in Ukraine, rising inflation, as well as gathering examples of company practices aimed at mitigating the social and economic impacts.

EU convergence monitoring hub cover image

EU convergence monitoring hub

This online resource summarises Eurofound's research on convergence, explains the different dimensions of convergence and provides access to the convergEU app, allowing researchers to perform their own analysis on convergence.

Upcoming events

On 23 February 2024, as part of its new Dublin Briefings series, Eurofound organises an expert briefing with the Irish Congress of Trade Unions (ICTU) on the latest developments on collective agreements and minimum wages in Europe.


On 19 March 2024, as part of its Brussels Briefing series and as Member States prepare to transpose the new EC Directive on adequate minimum wages for workers in the EU, Eurofound organises a face-to-face briefing on the latest developments on minimum wages in Europe.


Eurofound, Cedefop and the European Environmental Agency (EEA) organise a series of Tripartite Exchange Seminars (TES) aiming to improve the capacity of social partners and governments to engage and act effectively in social dialogue (and the world of work) and with a specific focus on the green