A package of major revisions of labour law has been coming into force
gradually in Poland since its adoption in 2002. From 1 July 2003, new rules
will apply to many aspects of collective redundancies, including their
definition and severance pay entitlements. Furthermore, the special
protection against dismissal and detrimental treatment provided to trade
union activists is to be subject to new limitations.
The Trade Unions’ Cooperation Forum (Szakszervezetek Együttműködési
Fóruma, SZEF ), the dominant trade union organisation in the public
service and civil administration sector - and arguably the biggest Hungarian
trade union confederation with approximately 300,000 active members
(HU0206102N ) - held its third congress on 25-26 May 2003 in Budapest.
In February 2003, trade unions and employers' organisations in the Polish
construction sector reached agreement on a minimum wage rate for 2003, which
is 50% above the national statutory minimum wage. The deal is seen as an
important development in industrial relations in the industry.
Following several draft versions and a series of consultations, the coalition
government of the Hungarian Socialist Party (Magyar Szocialista Párt, MSZP
) and the liberal Alliance of Free Democrats (Szabad Demokraták
Szövetsége, SZDSZ ) submitted a bill on 'healthcare service providers
and organisation of public health service' to parliament in March 2003.
/Industrial restructuring is a striking feature of Europe's economic
landscape today. There is wide agreement among employees, social partner
organisations and policymakers at all levels that the way industrial
restructuring is managed can, and must be improved. A rich body of policy
initiatives, conceptual material and practical experience is available,
identifying the main issues and challenges governing industrial
restructuring. This EMCC dossier aims at presenting a selection of relevant
data sources in a systematic way. It reveals the principles of, and various
approaches to, corporate restructuring. A series of links provide access to a
wide variety of relevant information sources./
In spring 2003, Alstom, the French-based engineering multinational, announced
a major Europe-wide restructuring plan which includes stringent cuts in its
activities. The group may be selling off its shipbuilding division and
announced job losses in its power and transport infrastructure divisions at
various works council meetings in April, May and June. There have been fierce
reactions from trade unions in France, while the Alstom European Works
Council has brought a court case.
Information sheets set out a brief overview of each project, forming a useful introduction point. They answer key questions as to: What is the project about? Why is the research being carried out? What are the findings/objectives and whom do they concern? When will the project be completed? How might the findings be translated into action? This information sheet provides a brief overview of a forthcoming report on the subject of economically dependent workers. Their situation has been widely debated in most countries throughout Europe. The comparative study looks at how the emergence of this new category has called into question the existing regulatory framework and highlighted possible shortcomings in the current system of labour protection. It also examines how the growth of new forms of employment has had an impact on the national industrial relations systems of certain countries, leading to changes in the structure of representation and/or the content of collective bargaining.
On 28 May 2003, the largest German business daily, Handelsblatt ,
published evidence that appears to suggest that the German federal government
(Bundesregierung) 'massaged' policy recommendations in the economic survey of
Germany  (DE0302106F ) published by the Organisation for Economic
Cooperation and Development (OECD) in December 2002. The OECD is an
international organisation with the stated aim of helping governments to
tackle current economic, social and governance challenges.
In the first half of 2003, sectoral collective bargaining has been proceeding
in Belgium within the framework of the intersectoral agreement for 2003-4.
The agreements concluded by June indicate that the economic slowdown is
having a major impact on employees' purchasing power, though there have been
advances in areas such as employment, training, the status of blue-collar
workers and end-of-career arrangements. Bargaining remains difficult in a
number of large sectors.
In May 2003, Spain's UGT trade union confederation highlighted the unequal
situation of women and men in employment, and notably a gender pay gap of
around 30%. Women are also, it is claimed, subject to occupational
segregation, higher unemployment and less stable employment.
This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.
Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, conducted in three rounds – in April and July 2020 and in March 2021. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.
The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.
The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.
Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.
Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.
Eurofound's representativness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.
This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).
This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.
The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.
The impact of COVID-19 has moved public health up the EU social policy agenda. As the EU directs its efforts towards establishing a European Health Union to guard against future health crises, this policy brief examines the extent to which the EU achieved upward convergence in terms of health and healthcare outcomes, as well as health expenditures and delivery, prior to the pandemic. It also examines convergence patterns in infections and deaths from COVID-19 and in the mitigating measures adopted by the EU and national governments.
This report addresses the main developments in statutory and collectively agreed working time regulation in 2019 and 2020. It covers several aspects of the duration of working time in the EU, such as information on maximum numbers of working days and weeks, normal working weeks and paid annual leave across the countries and within selected sectors. The report focuses on the education, health, transport, retail and public administration sectors, and provides accounts of major developments in working time regulation as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic.
This policy brief uses the data from the European Company Survey 2019 to examine the workplace practices of export-oriented companies and to analyse how these practices relate to outcomes. It also examines why these companies choose the workplace practices they adopt.
This report examines the labour market changes brought about by the COVID-19 pandemic, which has affected sectors and occupations quite differently. It identifies those labour market categories most exposed to negative labour market outcomes. It analyses how differences in confinement and public health approaches may have contributed to different outcomes. It addresses previous assessments of the extent of occupational ‘teleworkability’ and of the sectoral impact of confinement rules. The report draws on EU Labour Force Survey (EU-LFS) data for its analysis.
This study provides information allowing for an assessment of the representativeness of the actors involved in the European sectoral social dialogue committee for the audiovisual sector. Their relative representativeness legitimises their right to be consulted, their role and effective participation in the European sectoral social dialogue and their capacity to negotiate agreements. The aim of this Eurofound study on representativeness is to identify the relevant national and European social partner organisations in the audiovisual sector in the EU Member States.
This study provides information allowing for an assessment of the representativeness of the actors involved in the European sectoral social dialogue committee for the live performance sector. Their relative representativeness legitimises their right to be consulted, their role and effective participation in the European sectoral social dialogue and their capacity to negotiate agreements. The aim of this Eurofound study on representativeness is to identify the relevant national and European social partner organisations in the live performance sector in the EU Member States.
This joint publication with the European Environment Agency (EEA) presents the findings from complementary research carried out simultaneously by both agencies on the socioeconomic impacts of climate policies and measures. While Eurofound focuses particularly on the distributional effects of these policies based on the experiences of Member States, the EEA analyses scientific research about the monetary and non-monetary social impacts of climate mitigation policies and its outcome in terms of inequalities.
This report analyses and compares the industrial relations landscape in a number of sectors and activities that form a public service cluster. The report draws on Eurofound’s recent representativeness studies investigating the following sectors: education, human health, central government administration and local and regional government sector (including social services).
Building on Eurofound’s previous research on youth, this report examines the impact of the COVID-19 crisis on young people, in particular their economic and social situation, with a focus on employment. It will also estimate how the NEET population – young people not in employment, education or training – has changed in size and composition over the last decade, and how the current crisis might affect this.
This report explores the impact of the use of digital technologies on work organisation and job quality, as well as the role of social dialogue and employee involvement in the digitisation process. The three technologies analysed are the Internet of Things, 3D printing, and virtual and augmented reality. The report draws on the views of experts and policy stakeholders and includes insights from 10 case studies of European establishments that have deployed one or more of the three digital technologies.