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  • Article
    11 June 2003

    A package of major revisions of labour law has been coming into force
    gradually in Poland since its adoption in 2002. From 1 July 2003, new rules
    will apply to many aspects of collective redundancies, including their
    definition and severance pay entitlements. Furthermore, the special
    protection against dismissal and detrimental treatment provided to trade
    union activists is to be subject to new limitations.

  • Article
    11 June 2003

    The Trade Unions’ Cooperation Forum (Szakszervezetek Együttműködési
    Fóruma, SZEF [1]), the dominant trade union organisation in the public
    service and civil administration sector - and arguably the biggest Hungarian
    trade union confederation with approximately 300,000 active members
    (HU0206102N [2]) - held its third congress on 25-26 May 2003 in Budapest.


  • Article
    11 June 2003

    In February 2003, trade unions and employers' organisations in the Polish
    construction sector reached agreement on a minimum wage rate for 2003, which
    is 50% above the national statutory minimum wage. The deal is seen as an
    important development in industrial relations in the industry.

  • Article
    11 June 2003

    Following several draft versions and a series of consultations, the coalition
    government of the Hungarian Socialist Party (Magyar Szocialista Párt, MSZP
    [1]) and the liberal Alliance of Free Democrats (Szabad Demokraták
    Szövetsége, SZDSZ [2]) submitted a bill on 'healthcare service providers
    and organisation of public health service' to parliament in March 2003.


  • Article
    11 June 2003

    /Industrial restructuring is a striking feature of Europe's economic
    landscape today. There is wide agreement among employees, social partner
    organisations and policymakers at all levels that the way industrial
    restructuring is managed can, and must be improved. A rich body of policy
    initiatives, conceptual material and practical experience is available,
    identifying the main issues and challenges governing industrial
    restructuring. This EMCC dossier aims at presenting a selection of relevant
    data sources in a systematic way. It reveals the principles of, and various
    approaches to, corporate restructuring. A series of links provide access to a
    wide variety of relevant information sources./

  • Article
    11 June 2003

    In spring 2003, Alstom, the French-based engineering multinational, announced
    a major Europe-wide restructuring plan which includes stringent cuts in its
    activities. The group may be selling off its shipbuilding division and
    announced job losses in its power and transport infrastructure divisions at
    various works council meetings in April, May and June. There have been fierce
    reactions from trade unions in France, while the Alstom European Works
    Council has brought a court case.

  • Information sheet
    11 June 2003

    Information sheets set out a brief overview of each project, forming a useful introduction point. They answer key questions as to: What is the project about? Why is the research being carried out? What are the findings/objectives and whom do they concern? When will the project be completed? How might the findings be translated into action? This information sheet provides a brief overview of a forthcoming report on the subject of economically dependent workers. Their situation has been widely debated in most countries throughout Europe. The comparative study looks at how the emergence of this new category has called into question the existing regulatory framework and highlighted possible shortcomings in the current system of labour protection. It also examines how the growth of new forms of employment has had an impact on the national industrial relations systems of certain countries, leading to changes in the structure of representation and/or the content of collective bargaining.

  • Article
    10 June 2003

    On 28 May 2003, the largest German business daily, Handelsblatt [1],
    published evidence that appears to suggest that the German federal government
    (Bundesregierung) 'massaged' policy recommendations in the economic survey of
    Germany [2] (DE0302106F [3]) published by the Organisation for Economic
    Cooperation and Development (OECD) in December 2002. The OECD is an
    international organisation with the stated aim of helping governments to
    tackle current economic, social and governance challenges.


  • Article
    10 June 2003

    In the first half of 2003, sectoral collective bargaining has been proceeding
    in Belgium within the framework of the intersectoral agreement for 2003-4.
    The agreements concluded by June indicate that the economic slowdown is
    having a major impact on employees' purchasing power, though there have been
    advances in areas such as employment, training, the status of blue-collar
    workers and end-of-career arrangements. Bargaining remains difficult in a
    number of large sectors.

  • Article
    10 June 2003

    In May 2003, Spain's UGT trade union confederation highlighted the unequal
    situation of women and men in employment, and notably a gender pay gap of
    around 30%. Women are also, it is claimed, subject to occupational
    segregation, higher unemployment and less stable employment.


  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, conducted in three rounds – in April and July 2020 and in March 2021. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

Forthcoming publications