Amendments to the Labour Code and a challenge by some political parties over aspects of those amendments, as well as new rights for carers, are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Portugal in the third quarter of 2019.
A social dialogue crisis, tax legislation changes, and the abolishment of the welfare bonus for work activity are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Slovenia in the third quarter of 2019.
Ongoing discussions in the steel sector about ArcelorMittal’s ‘Score’ project, the approval of a new law on inclusive employment assistance for employees with disabilities, and a new collective labour market agreement in the private security sector are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Luxembourg in the third quarter of 2019.
A new policy to boost collective bargaining launched by ICTU, trade union membership statistics, increases in allowances for the defence forces, growing unemployment among young workers and data highlighting the gender pension gap are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Ireland in the third quarter of 2019.
Employment statistics consistently show that having a foreign background has an influence on people’s employment prospects. Less is known about the types of jobs workers with foreign backgrounds hold and their working conditions. This policy brief contributes to filling this gap.
The upcoming Brexit deadline, the reaction of social partners to the possibility of a no-deal Brexit, a law to tackle the misuse of non-disclosure agreements, and consultations on issues raised by the Taylor review of work practices are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in the United Kingdom in the third quarter of 2019.
The government setting a minimum wage level for 2020, trade union pluralism for uniformed service workers, and changes to the labour law are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Poland in the third quarter of 2019.
The appointment of a committee with representatives from the social partners, the outcome of a strike by bicycle couriers, and a verdict in a court case on the employment relationship of care workers are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Norway in the third quarter of 2019.
A national collective agreement for the public sector, sectoral collective agreements in multiple sectors, and a first meeting between the president and social partners are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Lithuania in the third quarter of 2019.
Growing industrial unrest in the social services, healthcare and education sectors, an increase in redundancies for temporary workers; and the extension of a collective agreement in the electricity sector are the main topics of interest in this article. This country update reports on the latest developments in working life in Hungary in the third quarter of 2019.
Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.
This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.
Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, conducted in three rounds – in April and July 2020 and in March 2021. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.
The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.
The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.
Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.
Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.
This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).
This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.
The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.
This study provides information allowing for an assessment of the representativeness of the actors involved in the European sectoral social dialogue committee for the textiles and clothing sector. Their relative representativeness legitimises their right to be consulted, their role and effective participation in the European sectoral social dialogue and their capacity to negotiate agreements. The aim of this Eurofound study on representativeness is to identify the relevant national and European social partner organisations in the textiles and clothing sector in the EU Member States.
This report analyses how working conditions, job quality and working life outcomes – such as work–life balance, health and well-being, and sustainability of work – changed between February 2020 and spring 2021. Following up on responses to the European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) 2020, it explores the differences between three distinct groups of workers: those teleworking during the COVID-19 pandemic, those who continued to work on their employers' premises as frontline staff, and those who were furloughed or worked reduced hours.
The use of artificial intelligence, advanced robotics and the Internet of Things technologies in the workplace can bring about fundamental changes in work organisation and working conditions. This report analyses the ethical and human implications of the use of these technologies at work by drawing on qualitative interviews with policy stakeholders, input from the Network of Eurofound Correspondents and Delphi expert surveys, and case studies.