122 items found
  • India: Industrial relations profile

    The Indian economy grew steadily during 2000–2010, with a growth of about 8% in GDP. However, in 2012–2013, GDP growth dropped to 4.96%, due to impending fiscal and balance of payment imbalances, a rise in the consumer price index and a stagnating manufacturing sector. Moreover, unlike the period 2001–2005, 2005–2010 did not see employment creation grow concomitantly with value added by industries, in particular manufacturing, giving rise to a situation of jobless growth. A key issue in Indian labour law is the ongoing debate over whether or not legislation should be reformed to introduce greater flexibility into the labour market.

  • Japan: Industrial relations profile

    Japan's real GDP growth rate was 2.0% in 2012, continuing to make the country's economy the third largest worldwide. While manufacturing is still an important economic sector, in the past three decades the services sector has gradually grown. In 2013, Japan’s working population was 65. 6 million, but this will rapidly decrease because it has become a so-called ‘super-ageing society’. Workers’ right to organise, bargain and act collectively is guaranteed by the Constitution. This means a labour union is permitted to request the employer to hold discussions and conduct whatever activities are necessary to put pressure on the employer to comply with the law.

  • Brazil: Industrial relations profile

    Characterised by large and well-developed agricultural, mining, manufacturing and service sectors, Brazil’s economy outweighs that of all other South American countries. The government continues to play an extremely important role in the Brazilian system of labour relations. The legislative branch of the government has a tradition of intervening in the labour market, issuing laws and regulations with the declared objective of protecting workers, resulting in extremely detailed and protective legislation. The judiciary also plays an essential role.

  • China: Industrial relations profile

    With a population of over 1.3 billion, China is the most populated country and the second largest economy in the world as of 2013. The labour market participation rate is high, because the social security system is basic with limited coverage. Industrial relations have been developed within the broader context of economic and labour market transformation. Governments of all levels, and the labour authorities and other law enforcement departments within these governments, are responsible for law enforcement. They are also involved in the mediation and arbitration of labour disputes.

  • Turkey: Industrial relations profile

    Turkey has a population of 75.6 million, half of which is under the age of 30. It has close to 55 million people of working age (15–64 years old). Of those, only 27 million are economically active. The unemployment rate is 9.2%. The economy has been undergoing a structural shift from agriculture and industry to services. Despite its remarkable economic performance, Turkey is still not managing to increase its employment levels. Industrial relations in Turkey are characterised by low union density, decentralised collective bargaining and hostile labour–employer and labour–state relations. Read more in this industrial relations country profile.

  • Representativeness of the European social partner organisations: Chemical sector - Executive summary

    This study aims to provide the necessary information to encourage sectoral social dialogue in the chemical sector. The goal of Eurofound’s series of representativeness studies is to identify the relevant national and supranational social partner organisations in the field of industrial relations in selected sectors. Hence, the study identifies the relevant national social partner organisations in the chemical sector via a top-down approach (listing the members of the European affiliations) and a bottom-up approach through Eurofound’s network of European correspondents.

  • Annual work programme 2015

    The year 2015 marks the third year of implementation of Eurofound’s four-year work programme 2013–2016, From crisis to recovery: Better informed policies for a competitive and fair Europe. The multiannual strategy laid down in the four-year programme provides Eurofound with a clear framework for the development of its annual programmes. The programme describes the policy context in which the Agency operates and defines the mission of the organisation and its core areas of expertise. It identifies four policy priority areas where Eurofound will provide high-quality, timely and policy-relevant knowledge as input to better informed policies. This is the Agency’s strategic objective for the 2013–2016 period.

  • Representativeness of the European social partner organisations: Woodworking sector - Executive summary

    This study aims to provide the necessary information to encourage sectoral social dialogue in the woodworking sector.

  • Eurofound News, Issue 10, November/December 2014

    This issue contains articles on: Findings in figures; Joint conference promotes social cohesion; Spotlight on mobility in the EU; News in brief; and Publications.

  • Social cohesion and well-being in the EU

    In order to develop effective and focused strategies to uphold social cohesion and improve happiness and quality of life in Europe, it is above all necessary to understand how complex social developments interact with each other. In particular since – as this study amply demonstrates – the different circumstances in the individual EU Member States demand flexible measures that can be adapted to each specific situation.This policy brief examines how significant social cohesion is for the well-being of people in Europe.