Employment structure

9 November 2022

The employment structure reflects the change in employment across occupations and sectors, using various proxies of job quality.Read more

The employment structure reflects the change in employment across occupations and sectors, using various proxies of job quality. The current debate about shifts in the employment structure is focused on the extent to which observed patterns of job polarisation and upgrading have contributed to wage inequality trends and on Europe's shrinking middle class. Eurofound’s European Jobs Monitor analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU.

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Recent updates

2021 saw over 2 million additional women in employment in the EU

The impact of the COVID-19 crisis has deepened the traditional gender divides across many areas including the labour...

Recovery from COVID-19: The changing structure of employment in the EU

European labour markets have recovered strongly from COVID-19. By the end of 2021, little more than 18 months after the...

COVID-19 crisis deepened gender divides at work and home

The impact of the COVID-19 crisis has deepened the traditional gender divides across many areas including the labour...

Publications & data

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The sections below provide access to a range of publications, data and ongoing work on this topic. 

  • Publications (119)
  • Ongoing work (1)

Ongoing work

Research continues in this topic on a variety of themes, which are outlined below with links to forthcoming titles.